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SAR image simulation in the time domain for moving ocean surfaces.

Yoshida T, Rheem CK - Sensors (Basel) (2013)

Bottom Line: In this paper, as foundations for SAR image simulation of moving ocean surfaces, the simulation is carried out for some targets and ocean waves.The simulation results are in good agreement with the theory.These results show that the simulation is applicable for generating numerical SAR images of moving ocean surfaces.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ocean Technology, Policy and Environment, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. tyoshida@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a fundamental simulation method to generate synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images for moving ocean surfaces. We have designed the simulation based on motion induced modulations and Bragg scattering, which are important features of ocean SAR images. The time domain simulation is able to obtain time series of microwave backscattering modulated by the orbital motions of ocean waves. Physical optics approximation is applied to calculate microwave backscattering. The computational grids are smaller than transmit microwave to demonstrate accurate interaction between electromagnetic waves and ocean surface waves. In this paper, as foundations for SAR image simulation of moving ocean surfaces, the simulation is carried out for some targets and ocean waves. The SAR images of stationary and moving targets are simulated to confirm SAR signal processing and motion induced modulation. Furthermore, the azimuth signals from the regular wave traveling to the azimuth direction also show the azimuthal shifts due to the orbital motions. In addition, incident angle dependence is simulated for irregular wind waves to compare with Bragg scattering theory. The simulation results are in good agreement with the theory. These results show that the simulation is applicable for generating numerical SAR images of moving ocean surfaces.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Incident angle dependence of simulated SAR intensity in range direction (wind speed 5 m/s).
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f16-sensors-13-04450: Incident angle dependence of simulated SAR intensity in range direction (wind speed 5 m/s).

Mentions: The particular microwave backscattering on the sea surface is that the power of the backscattered signals decreases with increase of its incident angles (incident angle dependence). To show scattering features in the simulation, the SAR intensity in the range direction is simulated for wind driven irregular waves. The incident angles of the SAR are 35 to 45 degrees. The wavelengths of the wind waves are the range of 0.3 to 0.15 m, which include Bragg resonance waves. The wind speed is 5 m/s. The simulation conditions listed in Table 1 are used in this section. The incident angle dependences of the simulated SAR intensity in the range direction are shown in Figure 16.


SAR image simulation in the time domain for moving ocean surfaces.

Yoshida T, Rheem CK - Sensors (Basel) (2013)

Incident angle dependence of simulated SAR intensity in range direction (wind speed 5 m/s).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3673093&req=5

f16-sensors-13-04450: Incident angle dependence of simulated SAR intensity in range direction (wind speed 5 m/s).
Mentions: The particular microwave backscattering on the sea surface is that the power of the backscattered signals decreases with increase of its incident angles (incident angle dependence). To show scattering features in the simulation, the SAR intensity in the range direction is simulated for wind driven irregular waves. The incident angles of the SAR are 35 to 45 degrees. The wavelengths of the wind waves are the range of 0.3 to 0.15 m, which include Bragg resonance waves. The wind speed is 5 m/s. The simulation conditions listed in Table 1 are used in this section. The incident angle dependences of the simulated SAR intensity in the range direction are shown in Figure 16.

Bottom Line: In this paper, as foundations for SAR image simulation of moving ocean surfaces, the simulation is carried out for some targets and ocean waves.The simulation results are in good agreement with the theory.These results show that the simulation is applicable for generating numerical SAR images of moving ocean surfaces.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ocean Technology, Policy and Environment, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. tyoshida@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a fundamental simulation method to generate synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images for moving ocean surfaces. We have designed the simulation based on motion induced modulations and Bragg scattering, which are important features of ocean SAR images. The time domain simulation is able to obtain time series of microwave backscattering modulated by the orbital motions of ocean waves. Physical optics approximation is applied to calculate microwave backscattering. The computational grids are smaller than transmit microwave to demonstrate accurate interaction between electromagnetic waves and ocean surface waves. In this paper, as foundations for SAR image simulation of moving ocean surfaces, the simulation is carried out for some targets and ocean waves. The SAR images of stationary and moving targets are simulated to confirm SAR signal processing and motion induced modulation. Furthermore, the azimuth signals from the regular wave traveling to the azimuth direction also show the azimuthal shifts due to the orbital motions. In addition, incident angle dependence is simulated for irregular wind waves to compare with Bragg scattering theory. The simulation results are in good agreement with the theory. These results show that the simulation is applicable for generating numerical SAR images of moving ocean surfaces.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus