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Use of high sensitivity GNSS receiver Doppler measurements for indoor pedestrian dead reckoning.

He Z, Renaudin V, Petovello MG, Lachapelle G - Sensors (Basel) (2013)

Bottom Line: Dead-reckoning (DR) algorithms, which use self-contained inertial sensors combined with gait analysis, have proven to be effective for pedestrian navigation purposes.In such DR systems, the primary error is often due to accumulated heading drifts.Real experimental data is processed and analyzed to assess the veracity of proposed method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PLAN Group, Schulich School of Engineering, The University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. zhehe@ucalgary.ca

ABSTRACT
Dead-reckoning (DR) algorithms, which use self-contained inertial sensors combined with gait analysis, have proven to be effective for pedestrian navigation purposes. In such DR systems, the primary error is often due to accumulated heading drifts. By tightly integrating global navigation satellite system (GNSS) Doppler measurements with DR, such accumulated heading errors can usually be accurately compensated. Under weak signal conditions, high sensitivity GNSS (HSGNSS) receivers with block processing techniques are often used, however, the Doppler quality of such receivers is relatively poor due to multipath, fading and signal attenuation. This often limits the benefits of integrating HSGNSS Doppler with DR. This paper investigates the benefits of using Doppler measurements from a novel direct vector HSGNSS receiver with pedestrian dead-reckoning (PDR) for indoor navigation. An indoor signal and multipath model is introduced which explains how conventional HSGNSS Doppler measurements are affected by indoor multipath. Velocity and Doppler estimated by using direct vector receivers are introduced and discussed. Real experimental data is processed and analyzed to assess the veracity of proposed method. It is shown when integrating HSGNSS Doppler with PDR algorithm, the proposed direct vector method are more helpful than conventional block processing method for the indoor environments considered herein.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Trajectories of various navigation solutions.
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f10-sensors-13-04303: Trajectories of various navigation solutions.

Mentions: The trajectories of PDR only and HSGPS/PDR tight integration with conventional and proposed Doppler measurements are shown in Figure 10. It can be seen that the PDR only solution is much smoother, which shows better short-term accuracy. However, as time evolves, the PDR only solution is rotated due to the large heading drift and is biased by hundreds of metres. When integrating PDR with conventional HSGPS, the shape of the trajectory is severely distorted. On the other hand, integrating PDR with the proposed approach gives a solution which alleviates the heading drift and better preserves the shape of the trajectory as compared to the other two cases.


Use of high sensitivity GNSS receiver Doppler measurements for indoor pedestrian dead reckoning.

He Z, Renaudin V, Petovello MG, Lachapelle G - Sensors (Basel) (2013)

Trajectories of various navigation solutions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3673085&req=5

f10-sensors-13-04303: Trajectories of various navigation solutions.
Mentions: The trajectories of PDR only and HSGPS/PDR tight integration with conventional and proposed Doppler measurements are shown in Figure 10. It can be seen that the PDR only solution is much smoother, which shows better short-term accuracy. However, as time evolves, the PDR only solution is rotated due to the large heading drift and is biased by hundreds of metres. When integrating PDR with conventional HSGPS, the shape of the trajectory is severely distorted. On the other hand, integrating PDR with the proposed approach gives a solution which alleviates the heading drift and better preserves the shape of the trajectory as compared to the other two cases.

Bottom Line: Dead-reckoning (DR) algorithms, which use self-contained inertial sensors combined with gait analysis, have proven to be effective for pedestrian navigation purposes.In such DR systems, the primary error is often due to accumulated heading drifts.Real experimental data is processed and analyzed to assess the veracity of proposed method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PLAN Group, Schulich School of Engineering, The University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. zhehe@ucalgary.ca

ABSTRACT
Dead-reckoning (DR) algorithms, which use self-contained inertial sensors combined with gait analysis, have proven to be effective for pedestrian navigation purposes. In such DR systems, the primary error is often due to accumulated heading drifts. By tightly integrating global navigation satellite system (GNSS) Doppler measurements with DR, such accumulated heading errors can usually be accurately compensated. Under weak signal conditions, high sensitivity GNSS (HSGNSS) receivers with block processing techniques are often used, however, the Doppler quality of such receivers is relatively poor due to multipath, fading and signal attenuation. This often limits the benefits of integrating HSGNSS Doppler with DR. This paper investigates the benefits of using Doppler measurements from a novel direct vector HSGNSS receiver with pedestrian dead-reckoning (PDR) for indoor navigation. An indoor signal and multipath model is introduced which explains how conventional HSGNSS Doppler measurements are affected by indoor multipath. Velocity and Doppler estimated by using direct vector receivers are introduced and discussed. Real experimental data is processed and analyzed to assess the veracity of proposed method. It is shown when integrating HSGNSS Doppler with PDR algorithm, the proposed direct vector method are more helpful than conventional block processing method for the indoor environments considered herein.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus