Limits...
Effect of ethiopia's health extension program on maternal and newborn health care practices in 101 rural districts: a dose-response study.

Karim AM, Admassu K, Schellenberg J, Alemu H, Getachew N, Ameha A, Tadesse L, Betemariam W - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: Program intensity score was not associated with skilled deliveries, nor with some of the other newborn health care indicators.The results of our analysis suggest that Ethiopia's HEP platform has improved maternal and newborn health care practices at scale.However, implementation research will be required to address the maternal and newborn care practices that were not influenced by the HEP outreach activities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Last Ten Kilometers Project, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc., Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. akarim@jsi.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Improving newborn survival is essential if Ethiopia is to achieve Millennium Development Goal 4. The national Health Extension Program (HEP) includes community-based newborn survival interventions. We report the effect of these interventions on changes in maternal and newborn health care practices between 2008 and 2010 in 101 districts, comprising 11.6 million people, or 16% of Ethiopia's population.

Methods and findings: Using data from cross-sectional surveys in December 2008 and December 2010 from a representative sample of 117 communities (kebeles), we estimated the prevalence of maternal and newborn care practices, and a program intensity score in each community. Women with children aged 0 to 11 months reported care practices for their most recent pregnancy and childbirth. The program intensity score ranged between zero and ten and was derived from four outreach activities of the HEP front-line health workers. Dose-response relationships between changes in program intensity and the changes in maternal and newborn health were investigated using regression methods, controlling for secular trend, respondents' background characteristics, and community-level factors. Between 2008 and 2010, median program intensity score increased 2.4-fold. For every unit increase in the score, the odds of receiving antenatal care increased by 1.13 times (95% CI 1.03-1.23); the odds of birth preparedness increased by 1.31 times (1.19-1.44); the odds of receiving postnatal care increased by 1.60 times (1.34-1.91); and the odds of initiating breastfeeding immediately after birth increased by 1.10 times (1.02-1.20). Program intensity score was not associated with skilled deliveries, nor with some of the other newborn health care indicators.

Conclusions: The results of our analysis suggest that Ethiopia's HEP platform has improved maternal and newborn health care practices at scale. However, implementation research will be required to address the maternal and newborn care practices that were not influenced by the HEP outreach activities.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of Ethiopia showing the study areas and location of primary sampling units (i.e., kebeles).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3672192&req=5

pone-0065160-g001: Map of Ethiopia showing the study areas and location of primary sampling units (i.e., kebeles).

Mentions: Child survival strategies implemented under the HEP included immunization, vitamin A distribution, oral rehydration therapy, distribution of bed nets, anti-malarial, deworming, and child health and nutrition education. Evidence-based essential newborn care including promotion of clean childbirth practices, clean umbilical cord care, thermal care, extra care for low birth weight babies, and early and exclusive breastfeeding [5], [9]–[14], were part of the HEP strategy, yet prior to 2009 the HEWs were not skilled to provide it. A program to equip the HEWs with skills to promote essential newborn care practices was introduced from early 2009 in 101 districts (woredas) (Figure 1), through support from the Last Ten Kilometers (L10K) project. This area included about 11.6 million people, approximately 16% of Ethiopia’s population.


Effect of ethiopia's health extension program on maternal and newborn health care practices in 101 rural districts: a dose-response study.

Karim AM, Admassu K, Schellenberg J, Alemu H, Getachew N, Ameha A, Tadesse L, Betemariam W - PLoS ONE (2013)

Map of Ethiopia showing the study areas and location of primary sampling units (i.e., kebeles).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3672192&req=5

pone-0065160-g001: Map of Ethiopia showing the study areas and location of primary sampling units (i.e., kebeles).
Mentions: Child survival strategies implemented under the HEP included immunization, vitamin A distribution, oral rehydration therapy, distribution of bed nets, anti-malarial, deworming, and child health and nutrition education. Evidence-based essential newborn care including promotion of clean childbirth practices, clean umbilical cord care, thermal care, extra care for low birth weight babies, and early and exclusive breastfeeding [5], [9]–[14], were part of the HEP strategy, yet prior to 2009 the HEWs were not skilled to provide it. A program to equip the HEWs with skills to promote essential newborn care practices was introduced from early 2009 in 101 districts (woredas) (Figure 1), through support from the Last Ten Kilometers (L10K) project. This area included about 11.6 million people, approximately 16% of Ethiopia’s population.

Bottom Line: Program intensity score was not associated with skilled deliveries, nor with some of the other newborn health care indicators.The results of our analysis suggest that Ethiopia's HEP platform has improved maternal and newborn health care practices at scale.However, implementation research will be required to address the maternal and newborn care practices that were not influenced by the HEP outreach activities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Last Ten Kilometers Project, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc., Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. akarim@jsi.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Improving newborn survival is essential if Ethiopia is to achieve Millennium Development Goal 4. The national Health Extension Program (HEP) includes community-based newborn survival interventions. We report the effect of these interventions on changes in maternal and newborn health care practices between 2008 and 2010 in 101 districts, comprising 11.6 million people, or 16% of Ethiopia's population.

Methods and findings: Using data from cross-sectional surveys in December 2008 and December 2010 from a representative sample of 117 communities (kebeles), we estimated the prevalence of maternal and newborn care practices, and a program intensity score in each community. Women with children aged 0 to 11 months reported care practices for their most recent pregnancy and childbirth. The program intensity score ranged between zero and ten and was derived from four outreach activities of the HEP front-line health workers. Dose-response relationships between changes in program intensity and the changes in maternal and newborn health were investigated using regression methods, controlling for secular trend, respondents' background characteristics, and community-level factors. Between 2008 and 2010, median program intensity score increased 2.4-fold. For every unit increase in the score, the odds of receiving antenatal care increased by 1.13 times (95% CI 1.03-1.23); the odds of birth preparedness increased by 1.31 times (1.19-1.44); the odds of receiving postnatal care increased by 1.60 times (1.34-1.91); and the odds of initiating breastfeeding immediately after birth increased by 1.10 times (1.02-1.20). Program intensity score was not associated with skilled deliveries, nor with some of the other newborn health care indicators.

Conclusions: The results of our analysis suggest that Ethiopia's HEP platform has improved maternal and newborn health care practices at scale. However, implementation research will be required to address the maternal and newborn care practices that were not influenced by the HEP outreach activities.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus