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Comparison of Cancer Incidence between China and the USA.

Wang YC, Wei LJ, Liu JT, Li SX, Wang QS - Cancer Biol Med (2012)

Bottom Line: Gastrointestinal cancers, such as those of the liver, stomach, and esophagus, were more commonly seen in China than in the USA.A significant difference in the incidence of melanoma of the skin was observed between China and the USA.Programs to promote cancer prevention in China, especially those of the lung, breast, and gastrointestinal region, must also be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, China.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The incidence of cancer varies around the globe, especially between less-developed and developed regions. The aim of this study is to explore differences in cancer incidence between China and the USA.

Methods: Data were obtained from the GLOBOCAN 2008 database. Estimated numbers of new cancer cases in the USA were obtained from the American Cancer Society, while the numbers of cases in China, including those in urban and rural areas, were obtained from 36 cancer registries (2003-2005). Cancer incidence for major sites between China and the USA were analyzed.

Results: In China, lung cancer was the predominant type of cancer detected in males; in females, breast cancer was the main type of cancer. Gastrointestinal cancers, such as those of the liver, stomach, and esophagus, were more commonly seen in China than in the USA. A significant difference in the incidence of melanoma of the skin was observed between China and the USA. During comparison of differences in the age-standardized rates by world population (ASRWs) of major cancer sites between the two countries, 4 sites in males (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, and liver) and 6 sites in females (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, and cervix uteri) showed higher cancer incidence rates in China than in the USA.

Conclusions: Significant differences in cancer incidence sites were found between the two countries. Cancer may be prevented through public education and awareness. Programs to promote cancer prevention in China, especially those of the lung, breast, and gastrointestinal region, must also be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Estimated cancer incidence (2008): China and the USA, female, all ages.
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f2: Estimated cancer incidence (2008): China and the USA, female, all ages.

Mentions: In comparing differences in the ASRWs of major cancer sites between the two countries, 4 sites in males (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, and liver) and 6 sites in females (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, and cervix uteri) showed higher incidence rates in China than in the USA, as shown in Figures 1 and 2.


Comparison of Cancer Incidence between China and the USA.

Wang YC, Wei LJ, Liu JT, Li SX, Wang QS - Cancer Biol Med (2012)

Estimated cancer incidence (2008): China and the USA, female, all ages.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3643656&req=5

f2: Estimated cancer incidence (2008): China and the USA, female, all ages.
Mentions: In comparing differences in the ASRWs of major cancer sites between the two countries, 4 sites in males (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, and liver) and 6 sites in females (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, and cervix uteri) showed higher incidence rates in China than in the USA, as shown in Figures 1 and 2.

Bottom Line: Gastrointestinal cancers, such as those of the liver, stomach, and esophagus, were more commonly seen in China than in the USA.A significant difference in the incidence of melanoma of the skin was observed between China and the USA.Programs to promote cancer prevention in China, especially those of the lung, breast, and gastrointestinal region, must also be implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, China.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The incidence of cancer varies around the globe, especially between less-developed and developed regions. The aim of this study is to explore differences in cancer incidence between China and the USA.

Methods: Data were obtained from the GLOBOCAN 2008 database. Estimated numbers of new cancer cases in the USA were obtained from the American Cancer Society, while the numbers of cases in China, including those in urban and rural areas, were obtained from 36 cancer registries (2003-2005). Cancer incidence for major sites between China and the USA were analyzed.

Results: In China, lung cancer was the predominant type of cancer detected in males; in females, breast cancer was the main type of cancer. Gastrointestinal cancers, such as those of the liver, stomach, and esophagus, were more commonly seen in China than in the USA. A significant difference in the incidence of melanoma of the skin was observed between China and the USA. During comparison of differences in the age-standardized rates by world population (ASRWs) of major cancer sites between the two countries, 4 sites in males (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, and liver) and 6 sites in females (i.e., nasopharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, and cervix uteri) showed higher cancer incidence rates in China than in the USA.

Conclusions: Significant differences in cancer incidence sites were found between the two countries. Cancer may be prevented through public education and awareness. Programs to promote cancer prevention in China, especially those of the lung, breast, and gastrointestinal region, must also be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus