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Lumbar spine MRI in upright position for diagnosing acute and chronic low back pain: statistical analysis of morphological changes.

Tarantino U, Fanucci E, Iundusi R, Celi M, Altobelli S, Gasbarra E, Simonetti G, Manenti G - J Orthop Traumatol (2012)

Bottom Line: Statistically significant differences [one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), p = 0.0043] were found between each pair of values of parameters sampled in recumbent and upright positions.In 70 % of patients, on visual qualitative analysis only, an increment of disc protrusions and/or spondylolisthesis was found in the upright position; in three cases, in the upright position only, an interarticular pseudocyst was found.Dynamic MRI with an open-configuration, low-field tilting MRI system is a feasible and promising tool to study degenerative pathology of the spine.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Policlinico Tor Vergata Foundation, V.le Oxford 81, 00133, Rome, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with low back pain frequently demonstrate recumbent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations not always related to homogeneous clinical symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and quantify the statistical significance of variations of some anatomical parameters of the lumbosacral spine and reveal occult disc pathologies from recumbent to upright position in patients with acute and chronic low back pain.

Materials and methods: Fifty-seven patients complaining of low back pain (27 women, 30 men) underwent dynamic lumbosacral MRI with a 0.25-T tilting system (G-scan Esaote). We settled five parameters for which variations have been evaluated: lumbosacral angle, lordosis angle, L3-L4 intersomatic disc height, L3-L4 interspinous processes distance, and widest anteroposterior dural sac diameter. Images were obtained in both recumbent and upright positions.

Results: Statistically significant differences [one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), p = 0.0043] were found between each pair of values of parameters sampled in recumbent and upright positions. In 70 % of patients, on visual qualitative analysis only, an increment of disc protrusions and/or spondylolisthesis was found in the upright position; in three cases, in the upright position only, an interarticular pseudocyst was found.

Conclusions: Dynamic MRI with an open-configuration, low-field tilting MRI system is a feasible and promising tool to study degenerative pathology of the spine. Moreover, in cases of low back pain with negative MRI in the recumbent position or in patients with pain in the upright position only, tilting MRI permits visualization of occult spine and disc pathologies in patients with acute or chronic low back pain.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Fast spin echo (FSE) T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the sagittal plane. Assessment of changes in thickness of the intervertebral disc in the transition from a supine to b upright position, with averaged values
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Fig2: Fast spin echo (FSE) T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the sagittal plane. Assessment of changes in thickness of the intervertebral disc in the transition from a supine to b upright position, with averaged values

Mentions: Disc height: This is measured at the point of maximum distance between the inferior and superior endplates of L3 and L4, respectively (Fig. 2a, b).Fig. 2


Lumbar spine MRI in upright position for diagnosing acute and chronic low back pain: statistical analysis of morphological changes.

Tarantino U, Fanucci E, Iundusi R, Celi M, Altobelli S, Gasbarra E, Simonetti G, Manenti G - J Orthop Traumatol (2012)

Fast spin echo (FSE) T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the sagittal plane. Assessment of changes in thickness of the intervertebral disc in the transition from a supine to b upright position, with averaged values
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585839&req=5

Fig2: Fast spin echo (FSE) T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the sagittal plane. Assessment of changes in thickness of the intervertebral disc in the transition from a supine to b upright position, with averaged values
Mentions: Disc height: This is measured at the point of maximum distance between the inferior and superior endplates of L3 and L4, respectively (Fig. 2a, b).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Statistically significant differences [one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), p = 0.0043] were found between each pair of values of parameters sampled in recumbent and upright positions.In 70 % of patients, on visual qualitative analysis only, an increment of disc protrusions and/or spondylolisthesis was found in the upright position; in three cases, in the upright position only, an interarticular pseudocyst was found.Dynamic MRI with an open-configuration, low-field tilting MRI system is a feasible and promising tool to study degenerative pathology of the spine.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Policlinico Tor Vergata Foundation, V.le Oxford 81, 00133, Rome, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with low back pain frequently demonstrate recumbent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations not always related to homogeneous clinical symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and quantify the statistical significance of variations of some anatomical parameters of the lumbosacral spine and reveal occult disc pathologies from recumbent to upright position in patients with acute and chronic low back pain.

Materials and methods: Fifty-seven patients complaining of low back pain (27 women, 30 men) underwent dynamic lumbosacral MRI with a 0.25-T tilting system (G-scan Esaote). We settled five parameters for which variations have been evaluated: lumbosacral angle, lordosis angle, L3-L4 intersomatic disc height, L3-L4 interspinous processes distance, and widest anteroposterior dural sac diameter. Images were obtained in both recumbent and upright positions.

Results: Statistically significant differences [one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), p = 0.0043] were found between each pair of values of parameters sampled in recumbent and upright positions. In 70 % of patients, on visual qualitative analysis only, an increment of disc protrusions and/or spondylolisthesis was found in the upright position; in three cases, in the upright position only, an interarticular pseudocyst was found.

Conclusions: Dynamic MRI with an open-configuration, low-field tilting MRI system is a feasible and promising tool to study degenerative pathology of the spine. Moreover, in cases of low back pain with negative MRI in the recumbent position or in patients with pain in the upright position only, tilting MRI permits visualization of occult spine and disc pathologies in patients with acute or chronic low back pain.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus