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Age and menarcheal status do not influence metabolic response to aerobic training in overweight girls.

Leite N, Carvalho HM, Padez C, Lopes WA, Milano GE, Radominski RB, Coelho-E-Silva MJ - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2013)

Bottom Line: After 12-week, girls decreased significantly the body mass (76.6 ± 14.7 to 75.7 ± 14.6 kg) body mass index (30.1 ± 4.0 to 29.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) and waist circumference (98.9 ± 10.9 to 96.5 ± 11.4 cm).Relative contribution of age was significant only for within-subject variability in waist circumference.The changes observed were not related to inter-individual variability in age and maturity status.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. neivaleite@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Multidisciplinary intervention is an alternative for the treatment of children and adolescent obese. However, the influence of age and menarcheal status in the pattern of metabolic response of obese girls has not been investigated. The following study examined the effects of a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention on metabolic health in overweight girls and the contribution of age and menarcheal status on the resulting changes.

Methods: Eighty-eight overweight girls (10 - 16 years) were considered initially for this study and randomly assigned (intervention group: n = 58; control group: n = 30). Forty-six girls completed the intervention program and 16 girls completed the follow-up for the control group. The 12-week intervention included aerobic exercises (three times per week) and nutritional intervention. Anthropometrical measures (body mass, body mass index and waist circumference), menarcheal status and metabolic profiles including glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were assessed in the beginning and after of intervention. Additionally, were calculated homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI).

Results: After 12-week, girls decreased significantly the body mass (76.6 ± 14.7 to 75.7 ± 14.6 kg) body mass index (30.1 ± 4.0 to 29.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) and waist circumference (98.9 ± 10.9 to 96.5 ± 11.4 cm). There were differences in HDL-C (43.1 ± 8.2 to 50.3 ± 9.4 mg/dl), TG (120.9 ± 64.3 to 93.3 ± 47.9 mg/dl) and insulin (16.9 ± 7.6 to 15.6 ± 9.8 mg/dl). Relative contribution of age was significant only for within-subject variability in waist circumference.

Conclusions: The multidisciplinary based on aerobic training intervention used in this study produced substantial benefits on metabolic health indicators in overweight girls. The changes observed were not related to inter-individual variability in age and maturity status.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean changes in metabolic health indicators pre- and post-training in the intervention group and control group. (a. triglycerides; b. total cholesterol; c. HDL-C; d. LDL-C; e. glucose; f. insulin; g. HOMA-IR; h. QUICKI).
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Figure 3: Mean changes in metabolic health indicators pre- and post-training in the intervention group and control group. (a. triglycerides; b. total cholesterol; c. HDL-C; d. LDL-C; e. glucose; f. insulin; g. HOMA-IR; h. QUICKI).

Mentions: The individual responses for the intervention group in TG (22.7 ± 7.3%, p < 0.01) and insulin (14.1 ± 10.6%, p < 0.05) substantially decreased with training, as HDL-C substantially increased (13.0 ± 1.2%, p < 0.01). The results showed no changes in total cholesterol and within-subject variability in LDL-C responses to training was unclear. Although inferences may be limited by the sample size of the control group, this trend seems to be confirmed when individual responses were compared with the control group (Figures 2 and 3). Figures 2 and 3 summarized the comparison between intervention and control group at pre-training, as well as the comparison of pre- and post-training changes between groups.


Age and menarcheal status do not influence metabolic response to aerobic training in overweight girls.

Leite N, Carvalho HM, Padez C, Lopes WA, Milano GE, Radominski RB, Coelho-E-Silva MJ - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2013)

Mean changes in metabolic health indicators pre- and post-training in the intervention group and control group. (a. triglycerides; b. total cholesterol; c. HDL-C; d. LDL-C; e. glucose; f. insulin; g. HOMA-IR; h. QUICKI).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585734&req=5

Figure 3: Mean changes in metabolic health indicators pre- and post-training in the intervention group and control group. (a. triglycerides; b. total cholesterol; c. HDL-C; d. LDL-C; e. glucose; f. insulin; g. HOMA-IR; h. QUICKI).
Mentions: The individual responses for the intervention group in TG (22.7 ± 7.3%, p < 0.01) and insulin (14.1 ± 10.6%, p < 0.05) substantially decreased with training, as HDL-C substantially increased (13.0 ± 1.2%, p < 0.01). The results showed no changes in total cholesterol and within-subject variability in LDL-C responses to training was unclear. Although inferences may be limited by the sample size of the control group, this trend seems to be confirmed when individual responses were compared with the control group (Figures 2 and 3). Figures 2 and 3 summarized the comparison between intervention and control group at pre-training, as well as the comparison of pre- and post-training changes between groups.

Bottom Line: After 12-week, girls decreased significantly the body mass (76.6 ± 14.7 to 75.7 ± 14.6 kg) body mass index (30.1 ± 4.0 to 29.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) and waist circumference (98.9 ± 10.9 to 96.5 ± 11.4 cm).Relative contribution of age was significant only for within-subject variability in waist circumference.The changes observed were not related to inter-individual variability in age and maturity status.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. neivaleite@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Multidisciplinary intervention is an alternative for the treatment of children and adolescent obese. However, the influence of age and menarcheal status in the pattern of metabolic response of obese girls has not been investigated. The following study examined the effects of a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention on metabolic health in overweight girls and the contribution of age and menarcheal status on the resulting changes.

Methods: Eighty-eight overweight girls (10 - 16 years) were considered initially for this study and randomly assigned (intervention group: n = 58; control group: n = 30). Forty-six girls completed the intervention program and 16 girls completed the follow-up for the control group. The 12-week intervention included aerobic exercises (three times per week) and nutritional intervention. Anthropometrical measures (body mass, body mass index and waist circumference), menarcheal status and metabolic profiles including glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were assessed in the beginning and after of intervention. Additionally, were calculated homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI).

Results: After 12-week, girls decreased significantly the body mass (76.6 ± 14.7 to 75.7 ± 14.6 kg) body mass index (30.1 ± 4.0 to 29.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) and waist circumference (98.9 ± 10.9 to 96.5 ± 11.4 cm). There were differences in HDL-C (43.1 ± 8.2 to 50.3 ± 9.4 mg/dl), TG (120.9 ± 64.3 to 93.3 ± 47.9 mg/dl) and insulin (16.9 ± 7.6 to 15.6 ± 9.8 mg/dl). Relative contribution of age was significant only for within-subject variability in waist circumference.

Conclusions: The multidisciplinary based on aerobic training intervention used in this study produced substantial benefits on metabolic health indicators in overweight girls. The changes observed were not related to inter-individual variability in age and maturity status.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus