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Intracoronary versus intravenous administration of abciximab in patients with acute coronary syndrome: a meta-analysis.

Wang JN, Diao S, Tang YJ, Hou AJ, Yuan HB, Zheng Y, Zhou YH - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: However, the effect of intracoronary (i.c.) administration of abciximab on cardiovascular events remains unclear when compared with intravenous (i.v.) therapy.No other significant differences were identified between the effect of i.c. abciximab administration and i.v. therapy.I.c. administration of abciximab can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure when compared with i.v. therapy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Director of the Hospital, Shanghai Seventh People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Abciximab is a widely used adjunctive therapy for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the effect of intracoronary (i.c.) administration of abciximab on cardiovascular events remains unclear when compared with intravenous (i.v.) therapy.

Methodology and principal findings: We systematically searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases and reference lists of articles and proceedings of major meetings for obtaining relevant literature. All eligible trials included ACS patients who received either i.c. administration of abciximab or i.v. therapy. The primary outcome was major cardiovascular events, and secondary outcomes included total mortality, reinfarction, and any possible adverse events. Of 660 identified studies, we included 9 trials reporting data on 3916 ACS patients. Overall, i.c. administration of abciximab resulted in 45% reduction in relative risk for major cardiovascular events (RR; 95% confidence interval [CI], 24-60%), 41% reduction in RR for reinfarction (95% CI, 7-63%), and 44% reduction in RR for congestive heart failure relative to i.v. therapy (95% CI, 8-66%); however, compared to i.v. therapy, i.c. administration of abciximab had no effect on total mortality (RR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.45-1.07). No other significant differences were identified between the effect of i.c. abciximab administration and i.v. therapy.

Conclusions/significance: I.c. administration of abciximab can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure when compared with i.v. therapy.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Effects of IC administration of abciximab on risk of reinfarction as compared to IV therapy in patients with ACS.
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pone-0058077-g004: Effects of IC administration of abciximab on risk of reinfarction as compared to IV therapy in patients with ACS.

Mentions: Data for the effect of IC abciximab administration on reinfarction were available from 7 trials [5], [11], [12], [19]–[22], which included 3536 patients and reported 90 reinfarction events. Overall, we noted that IC administration of abciximab resulted in a 41% reduction in the risk of reinfarction when compared with IV therapy (RR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.37−0.93, with unimportant heterogeneity; Figure 4).


Intracoronary versus intravenous administration of abciximab in patients with acute coronary syndrome: a meta-analysis.

Wang JN, Diao S, Tang YJ, Hou AJ, Yuan HB, Zheng Y, Zhou YH - PLoS ONE (2013)

Effects of IC administration of abciximab on risk of reinfarction as compared to IV therapy in patients with ACS.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585408&req=5

pone-0058077-g004: Effects of IC administration of abciximab on risk of reinfarction as compared to IV therapy in patients with ACS.
Mentions: Data for the effect of IC abciximab administration on reinfarction were available from 7 trials [5], [11], [12], [19]–[22], which included 3536 patients and reported 90 reinfarction events. Overall, we noted that IC administration of abciximab resulted in a 41% reduction in the risk of reinfarction when compared with IV therapy (RR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.37−0.93, with unimportant heterogeneity; Figure 4).

Bottom Line: However, the effect of intracoronary (i.c.) administration of abciximab on cardiovascular events remains unclear when compared with intravenous (i.v.) therapy.No other significant differences were identified between the effect of i.c. abciximab administration and i.v. therapy.I.c. administration of abciximab can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure when compared with i.v. therapy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Director of the Hospital, Shanghai Seventh People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Abciximab is a widely used adjunctive therapy for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the effect of intracoronary (i.c.) administration of abciximab on cardiovascular events remains unclear when compared with intravenous (i.v.) therapy.

Methodology and principal findings: We systematically searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases and reference lists of articles and proceedings of major meetings for obtaining relevant literature. All eligible trials included ACS patients who received either i.c. administration of abciximab or i.v. therapy. The primary outcome was major cardiovascular events, and secondary outcomes included total mortality, reinfarction, and any possible adverse events. Of 660 identified studies, we included 9 trials reporting data on 3916 ACS patients. Overall, i.c. administration of abciximab resulted in 45% reduction in relative risk for major cardiovascular events (RR; 95% confidence interval [CI], 24-60%), 41% reduction in RR for reinfarction (95% CI, 7-63%), and 44% reduction in RR for congestive heart failure relative to i.v. therapy (95% CI, 8-66%); however, compared to i.v. therapy, i.c. administration of abciximab had no effect on total mortality (RR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.45-1.07). No other significant differences were identified between the effect of i.c. abciximab administration and i.v. therapy.

Conclusions/significance: I.c. administration of abciximab can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure when compared with i.v. therapy.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus