Limits...
Vertical distribution and estimated doses from artificial radionuclides in soil samples around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing site.

Taira Y, Hayashida N, Tsuchiya R, Yamaguchi H, Takahashi J, Kazlovsky A, Urazalin M, Rakhypbekov T, Yamashita S, Takamura N - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: On the other hand, the effective doses around SNTS were below the public dose limit.These findings suggest that the environmental contamination and effective doses on the ground definitely decrease with decontamination such as removing surface soil, although the effective doses of the sampling points around CNPP in the present study were all over the public dose limit.Long-term follow-up of environmental monitoring around CNPP, SNTS, and FNPP, as well as evaluation of the health effects in the population residing around these areas, could contribute to radiation safety and reduce unnecessary exposure to the public.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Global Health, Medical and Welfare, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

ABSTRACT
For the current on-site evaluation of the environmental contamination and contributory external exposure after the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) and the nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (SNTS), the concentrations of artificial radionuclides in soil samples from each area were analyzed by gamma spectrometry. Four artificial radionuclides ((241)Am, (134)Cs, (137)Cs, and (60)Co) were detected in surface soil around CNPP, whereas seven artificial radionuclides ((241)Am, (57)Co, (137)Cs, (95)Zr, (95)Nb, (58)Co, and (60)Co) were detected in surface soil around SNTS. Effective doses around CNPP were over the public dose limit of 1 mSv/y (International Commission on Radiological Protection, 1991). These levels in a contaminated area 12 km from Unit 4 were high, whereas levels in a decontaminated area 12 km from Unit 4 and another contaminated area 15 km from Unit 4 were comparatively low. On the other hand, the effective doses around SNTS were below the public dose limit. These findings suggest that the environmental contamination and effective doses on the ground definitely decrease with decontamination such as removing surface soil, although the effective doses of the sampling points around CNPP in the present study were all over the public dose limit. Thus, the remediation of soil as a countermeasure could be an extremely effective method not only for areas around CNPP and SNTS but also for areas around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP), and external exposure levels will be certainly reduced. Long-term follow-up of environmental monitoring around CNPP, SNTS, and FNPP, as well as evaluation of the health effects in the population residing around these areas, could contribute to radiation safety and reduce unnecessary exposure to the public.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Locations around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (the Republic of Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation) and the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (the Republic of Kazakhstan).
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pone-0057524-g001: Locations around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (the Republic of Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation) and the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (the Republic of Kazakhstan).

Mentions: The evaluation of accumulated artificial radionuclides around CNPP and SNTS is extremely important for developing countermeasures such as those that will be required for future decontamination around FNPP. Therefore, to evaluate current environmental contamination and contributions from external exposure due to artificial radionuclides, concentrations of radionuclides and their vertical distribution in soil samples from areas around CNPP and SNTS were analyzed by gamma spectrometry (Figure 1). Furthermore, external effective doses were calculated from samples from these areas in order to estimate radiation exposure status.


Vertical distribution and estimated doses from artificial radionuclides in soil samples around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing site.

Taira Y, Hayashida N, Tsuchiya R, Yamaguchi H, Takahashi J, Kazlovsky A, Urazalin M, Rakhypbekov T, Yamashita S, Takamura N - PLoS ONE (2013)

Locations around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (the Republic of Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation) and the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (the Republic of Kazakhstan).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585370&req=5

pone-0057524-g001: Locations around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (the Republic of Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation) and the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (the Republic of Kazakhstan).
Mentions: The evaluation of accumulated artificial radionuclides around CNPP and SNTS is extremely important for developing countermeasures such as those that will be required for future decontamination around FNPP. Therefore, to evaluate current environmental contamination and contributions from external exposure due to artificial radionuclides, concentrations of radionuclides and their vertical distribution in soil samples from areas around CNPP and SNTS were analyzed by gamma spectrometry (Figure 1). Furthermore, external effective doses were calculated from samples from these areas in order to estimate radiation exposure status.

Bottom Line: On the other hand, the effective doses around SNTS were below the public dose limit.These findings suggest that the environmental contamination and effective doses on the ground definitely decrease with decontamination such as removing surface soil, although the effective doses of the sampling points around CNPP in the present study were all over the public dose limit.Long-term follow-up of environmental monitoring around CNPP, SNTS, and FNPP, as well as evaluation of the health effects in the population residing around these areas, could contribute to radiation safety and reduce unnecessary exposure to the public.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Global Health, Medical and Welfare, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

ABSTRACT
For the current on-site evaluation of the environmental contamination and contributory external exposure after the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) and the nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site (SNTS), the concentrations of artificial radionuclides in soil samples from each area were analyzed by gamma spectrometry. Four artificial radionuclides ((241)Am, (134)Cs, (137)Cs, and (60)Co) were detected in surface soil around CNPP, whereas seven artificial radionuclides ((241)Am, (57)Co, (137)Cs, (95)Zr, (95)Nb, (58)Co, and (60)Co) were detected in surface soil around SNTS. Effective doses around CNPP were over the public dose limit of 1 mSv/y (International Commission on Radiological Protection, 1991). These levels in a contaminated area 12 km from Unit 4 were high, whereas levels in a decontaminated area 12 km from Unit 4 and another contaminated area 15 km from Unit 4 were comparatively low. On the other hand, the effective doses around SNTS were below the public dose limit. These findings suggest that the environmental contamination and effective doses on the ground definitely decrease with decontamination such as removing surface soil, although the effective doses of the sampling points around CNPP in the present study were all over the public dose limit. Thus, the remediation of soil as a countermeasure could be an extremely effective method not only for areas around CNPP and SNTS but also for areas around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP), and external exposure levels will be certainly reduced. Long-term follow-up of environmental monitoring around CNPP, SNTS, and FNPP, as well as evaluation of the health effects in the population residing around these areas, could contribute to radiation safety and reduce unnecessary exposure to the public.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus