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Sino-Canadian collaborations in stem cell research: a scientometric analysis.

Ali-Khan SE, Ray M, McMahon DS, Thorsteinsdóttir H - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: China-Canada collaboration enhances impact compared to papers authored solely by China-based researchers This difference remained significant even when comparing only papers published in English.Nevertheless, IC enhances the impact of stem cell research in China, and in the field in general.This study establishes an objective baseline for comparison with future studies, setting the stage for in-depth exploration of the dynamics and genesis of IC in stem cell research.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: International collaboration (IC) is essential for the advance of stem cell research, a field characterized by marked asymmetries in knowledge and capacity between nations. China is emerging as a global leader in the stem cell field. However, knowledge on the extent and characteristics of IC in stem cell science, particularly China's collaboration with developed economies, is lacking.

Methods and findings: We provide a scientometric analysis of the China-Canada collaboration in stem cell research, placing this in the context of other leading producers in the field. We analyze stem cell research published from 2006 to 2010 from the Scopus database, using co-authored papers as a proxy for collaboration. We examine IC levels, collaboration preferences, scientific impact, the collaborating institutions in China and Canada, areas of mutual interest, and funding sources. Our analysis shows rapid global expansion of the field with 48% increase in papers from 2006 to 2010. China now ranks second globally after the United States. China has the lowest IC rate of countries examined, while Canada has one of the highest. China-Canada collaboration is rising steadily, more than doubling during 2006-2010. China-Canada collaboration enhances impact compared to papers authored solely by China-based researchers This difference remained significant even when comparing only papers published in English.

Conclusions: While China is increasingly courted in IC by developed countries as a partner in stem cell research, it is clear that it has reached its status in the field largely through domestic publications. Nevertheless, IC enhances the impact of stem cell research in China, and in the field in general. This study establishes an objective baseline for comparison with future studies, setting the stage for in-depth exploration of the dynamics and genesis of IC in stem cell research.

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Total China-Canada collaboration papers written per year.Shown is the total number of stem cell papers co-authored by China and Canada, 2006–2010. The number of bilateral collaboration papers between the two countries is shown in red, while the number of multilateral collaboration papers, involving other countries in addition to China and Canada, is shown in blue.
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pone-0057176-g005: Total China-Canada collaboration papers written per year.Shown is the total number of stem cell papers co-authored by China and Canada, 2006–2010. The number of bilateral collaboration papers between the two countries is shown in red, while the number of multilateral collaboration papers, involving other countries in addition to China and Canada, is shown in blue.

Mentions: We focus on yearly trends in China-Canada co-publications in stem cell research in Figure 5. We see that collaboration between the two countries is on a steady rise. Canada-China collaborations in stem cell research have increased from year to year, more than doubling between 2006–2010 for a total of 95 papers; 84% articles, 14% reviews, and 2% conference papers. Of these, 62% were bilateral collaborations involving only China and Canada. Bilateral collaborations also increased over time, for a total of 59 papers; 86% articles, 12% reviews, and 0.2% conference papers.


Sino-Canadian collaborations in stem cell research: a scientometric analysis.

Ali-Khan SE, Ray M, McMahon DS, Thorsteinsdóttir H - PLoS ONE (2013)

Total China-Canada collaboration papers written per year.Shown is the total number of stem cell papers co-authored by China and Canada, 2006–2010. The number of bilateral collaboration papers between the two countries is shown in red, while the number of multilateral collaboration papers, involving other countries in addition to China and Canada, is shown in blue.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585304&req=5

pone-0057176-g005: Total China-Canada collaboration papers written per year.Shown is the total number of stem cell papers co-authored by China and Canada, 2006–2010. The number of bilateral collaboration papers between the two countries is shown in red, while the number of multilateral collaboration papers, involving other countries in addition to China and Canada, is shown in blue.
Mentions: We focus on yearly trends in China-Canada co-publications in stem cell research in Figure 5. We see that collaboration between the two countries is on a steady rise. Canada-China collaborations in stem cell research have increased from year to year, more than doubling between 2006–2010 for a total of 95 papers; 84% articles, 14% reviews, and 2% conference papers. Of these, 62% were bilateral collaborations involving only China and Canada. Bilateral collaborations also increased over time, for a total of 59 papers; 86% articles, 12% reviews, and 0.2% conference papers.

Bottom Line: China-Canada collaboration enhances impact compared to papers authored solely by China-based researchers This difference remained significant even when comparing only papers published in English.Nevertheless, IC enhances the impact of stem cell research in China, and in the field in general.This study establishes an objective baseline for comparison with future studies, setting the stage for in-depth exploration of the dynamics and genesis of IC in stem cell research.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: International collaboration (IC) is essential for the advance of stem cell research, a field characterized by marked asymmetries in knowledge and capacity between nations. China is emerging as a global leader in the stem cell field. However, knowledge on the extent and characteristics of IC in stem cell science, particularly China's collaboration with developed economies, is lacking.

Methods and findings: We provide a scientometric analysis of the China-Canada collaboration in stem cell research, placing this in the context of other leading producers in the field. We analyze stem cell research published from 2006 to 2010 from the Scopus database, using co-authored papers as a proxy for collaboration. We examine IC levels, collaboration preferences, scientific impact, the collaborating institutions in China and Canada, areas of mutual interest, and funding sources. Our analysis shows rapid global expansion of the field with 48% increase in papers from 2006 to 2010. China now ranks second globally after the United States. China has the lowest IC rate of countries examined, while Canada has one of the highest. China-Canada collaboration is rising steadily, more than doubling during 2006-2010. China-Canada collaboration enhances impact compared to papers authored solely by China-based researchers This difference remained significant even when comparing only papers published in English.

Conclusions: While China is increasingly courted in IC by developed countries as a partner in stem cell research, it is clear that it has reached its status in the field largely through domestic publications. Nevertheless, IC enhances the impact of stem cell research in China, and in the field in general. This study establishes an objective baseline for comparison with future studies, setting the stage for in-depth exploration of the dynamics and genesis of IC in stem cell research.

Show MeSH