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MicroRNA-3148 modulates allelic expression of toll-like receptor 7 variant associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Kaufman KM, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob CO, Scofield RH, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Alarcón GS, Vyse TJ, Pons-Estel BA, Argentine Collaborative GroupFreedman BI, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, James JA, Gregersen PK, Anaya JM, Niewold TB, Merrill JT, Criswell LA, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Cantor RM, Chen W, Grossman JM, Hahn BH, Harley JB, Alarcόn-Riquelme ME, BIOLUPUS and GENLES networksBrown EE, Tsao BP - PLoS Genet. (2013)

Bottom Line: Overexpression of miR-3148 in HEK-293 cells led to significant dose-dependent decrease in luciferase activity for construct driven by TLR7 3'UTR segment bearing the C allele (P = 0.0003).Compared with the G-allele construct, the C-allele construct showed greater than two-fold reduction of luciferase activity in the presence of miR-3148.These data establish rs3853839 of TLR7 as a shared risk variant of SLE in 22,613 subjects of Asian, EA, AA, and Amerindian/Hispanic ancestries (Pmeta  = 2.0×10(-19), OR = 1.25 [1.20-1.32]), which confers allelic effect on transcript turnover via differential binding to the epigenetic factor miR-3148.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

ABSTRACT
We previously reported that the G allele of rs3853839 at 3'untranslated region (UTR) of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) was associated with elevated transcript expression and increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 9,274 Eastern Asians [P = 6.5×10(-10), odds ratio (OR) (95%CI) = 1.27 (1.17-1.36)]. Here, we conducted trans-ancestral fine-mapping in 13,339 subjects including European Americans, African Americans, and Amerindian/Hispanics and confirmed rs3853839 as the only variant within the TLR7-TLR8 region exhibiting consistent and independent association with SLE (Pmeta = 7.5×10(-11), OR = 1.24 [1.18-1.34]). The risk G allele was associated with significantly increased levels of TLR7 mRNA and protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and elevated luciferase activity of reporter gene in transfected cells. TLR7 3'UTR sequence bearing the non-risk C allele of rs3853839 matches a predicted binding site of microRNA-3148 (miR-3148), suggesting that this microRNA may regulate TLR7 expression. Indeed, miR-3148 levels were inversely correlated with TLR7 transcript levels in PBMCs from SLE patients and controls (R(2) = 0.255, P = 0.001). Overexpression of miR-3148 in HEK-293 cells led to significant dose-dependent decrease in luciferase activity for construct driven by TLR7 3'UTR segment bearing the C allele (P = 0.0003). Compared with the G-allele construct, the C-allele construct showed greater than two-fold reduction of luciferase activity in the presence of miR-3148. Reduced modulation by miR-3148 conferred slower degradation of the risk G-allele containing TLR7 transcripts, resulting in elevated levels of gene products. These data establish rs3853839 of TLR7 as a shared risk variant of SLE in 22,613 subjects of Asian, EA, AA, and Amerindian/Hispanic ancestries (Pmeta  = 2.0×10(-19), OR = 1.25 [1.20-1.32]), which confers allelic effect on transcript turnover via differential binding to the epigenetic factor miR-3148.

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Allelic associations of SNPs in the TLR7-TLR8 region with SLE.(A) The genomic structure of the TLR7-TLR8 region and the location of all studied SNPs are indicated. (B) Association signals (−log10P) are plotted against the position of each SNP (based on GRch37/hg19) in European Americans (EA), African Americans (AA), and Hispanics (HS). Genotyped and imputed SNPs are depicted with circles and triangles, respectively. The diamond identifies the TLR7 3′UTR SNP rs3853839. SNPs are highlighted using different colors according to their LD strength (r2) with rs3853839. (C) A trans-ancestral meta-analysis is conducted on 40 genotyped SNPs (circles) and 14 imputed SNPs (triangles) that are shared by the three ancestries (SNPs listed in Table S1) using fixed and random model, respectively. The dashed line represents the significance level of 5×10−8.
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pgen-1003336-g001: Allelic associations of SNPs in the TLR7-TLR8 region with SLE.(A) The genomic structure of the TLR7-TLR8 region and the location of all studied SNPs are indicated. (B) Association signals (−log10P) are plotted against the position of each SNP (based on GRch37/hg19) in European Americans (EA), African Americans (AA), and Hispanics (HS). Genotyped and imputed SNPs are depicted with circles and triangles, respectively. The diamond identifies the TLR7 3′UTR SNP rs3853839. SNPs are highlighted using different colors according to their LD strength (r2) with rs3853839. (C) A trans-ancestral meta-analysis is conducted on 40 genotyped SNPs (circles) and 14 imputed SNPs (triangles) that are shared by the three ancestries (SNPs listed in Table S1) using fixed and random model, respectively. The dashed line represents the significance level of 5×10−8.

Mentions: We conducted genotyping and imputation for genetic variants covering ∼80 kb of the TLR7-TLR8 region on Xp22.2. After applying quality control measures, 41 genotyped SNPs and 57–75 imputed SNPs/INDELs (insertion-deletion) (varying among different ancestries) were assessed for association with SLE in unrelated cases and healthy controls of European American (EA, 3,936 cases vs. 3,491 controls), African American (AA, 1,679 vs. 1,934) and Hispanic enriched for the Amerindian-European admixture (HS, 1,492 vs. 807) descent (Figure 1A).


MicroRNA-3148 modulates allelic expression of toll-like receptor 7 variant associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Kaufman KM, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob CO, Scofield RH, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Alarcón GS, Vyse TJ, Pons-Estel BA, Argentine Collaborative GroupFreedman BI, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, James JA, Gregersen PK, Anaya JM, Niewold TB, Merrill JT, Criswell LA, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Cantor RM, Chen W, Grossman JM, Hahn BH, Harley JB, Alarcόn-Riquelme ME, BIOLUPUS and GENLES networksBrown EE, Tsao BP - PLoS Genet. (2013)

Allelic associations of SNPs in the TLR7-TLR8 region with SLE.(A) The genomic structure of the TLR7-TLR8 region and the location of all studied SNPs are indicated. (B) Association signals (−log10P) are plotted against the position of each SNP (based on GRch37/hg19) in European Americans (EA), African Americans (AA), and Hispanics (HS). Genotyped and imputed SNPs are depicted with circles and triangles, respectively. The diamond identifies the TLR7 3′UTR SNP rs3853839. SNPs are highlighted using different colors according to their LD strength (r2) with rs3853839. (C) A trans-ancestral meta-analysis is conducted on 40 genotyped SNPs (circles) and 14 imputed SNPs (triangles) that are shared by the three ancestries (SNPs listed in Table S1) using fixed and random model, respectively. The dashed line represents the significance level of 5×10−8.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3585142&req=5

pgen-1003336-g001: Allelic associations of SNPs in the TLR7-TLR8 region with SLE.(A) The genomic structure of the TLR7-TLR8 region and the location of all studied SNPs are indicated. (B) Association signals (−log10P) are plotted against the position of each SNP (based on GRch37/hg19) in European Americans (EA), African Americans (AA), and Hispanics (HS). Genotyped and imputed SNPs are depicted with circles and triangles, respectively. The diamond identifies the TLR7 3′UTR SNP rs3853839. SNPs are highlighted using different colors according to their LD strength (r2) with rs3853839. (C) A trans-ancestral meta-analysis is conducted on 40 genotyped SNPs (circles) and 14 imputed SNPs (triangles) that are shared by the three ancestries (SNPs listed in Table S1) using fixed and random model, respectively. The dashed line represents the significance level of 5×10−8.
Mentions: We conducted genotyping and imputation for genetic variants covering ∼80 kb of the TLR7-TLR8 region on Xp22.2. After applying quality control measures, 41 genotyped SNPs and 57–75 imputed SNPs/INDELs (insertion-deletion) (varying among different ancestries) were assessed for association with SLE in unrelated cases and healthy controls of European American (EA, 3,936 cases vs. 3,491 controls), African American (AA, 1,679 vs. 1,934) and Hispanic enriched for the Amerindian-European admixture (HS, 1,492 vs. 807) descent (Figure 1A).

Bottom Line: Overexpression of miR-3148 in HEK-293 cells led to significant dose-dependent decrease in luciferase activity for construct driven by TLR7 3'UTR segment bearing the C allele (P = 0.0003).Compared with the G-allele construct, the C-allele construct showed greater than two-fold reduction of luciferase activity in the presence of miR-3148.These data establish rs3853839 of TLR7 as a shared risk variant of SLE in 22,613 subjects of Asian, EA, AA, and Amerindian/Hispanic ancestries (Pmeta  = 2.0×10(-19), OR = 1.25 [1.20-1.32]), which confers allelic effect on transcript turnover via differential binding to the epigenetic factor miR-3148.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

ABSTRACT
We previously reported that the G allele of rs3853839 at 3'untranslated region (UTR) of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) was associated with elevated transcript expression and increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 9,274 Eastern Asians [P = 6.5×10(-10), odds ratio (OR) (95%CI) = 1.27 (1.17-1.36)]. Here, we conducted trans-ancestral fine-mapping in 13,339 subjects including European Americans, African Americans, and Amerindian/Hispanics and confirmed rs3853839 as the only variant within the TLR7-TLR8 region exhibiting consistent and independent association with SLE (Pmeta = 7.5×10(-11), OR = 1.24 [1.18-1.34]). The risk G allele was associated with significantly increased levels of TLR7 mRNA and protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and elevated luciferase activity of reporter gene in transfected cells. TLR7 3'UTR sequence bearing the non-risk C allele of rs3853839 matches a predicted binding site of microRNA-3148 (miR-3148), suggesting that this microRNA may regulate TLR7 expression. Indeed, miR-3148 levels were inversely correlated with TLR7 transcript levels in PBMCs from SLE patients and controls (R(2) = 0.255, P = 0.001). Overexpression of miR-3148 in HEK-293 cells led to significant dose-dependent decrease in luciferase activity for construct driven by TLR7 3'UTR segment bearing the C allele (P = 0.0003). Compared with the G-allele construct, the C-allele construct showed greater than two-fold reduction of luciferase activity in the presence of miR-3148. Reduced modulation by miR-3148 conferred slower degradation of the risk G-allele containing TLR7 transcripts, resulting in elevated levels of gene products. These data establish rs3853839 of TLR7 as a shared risk variant of SLE in 22,613 subjects of Asian, EA, AA, and Amerindian/Hispanic ancestries (Pmeta  = 2.0×10(-19), OR = 1.25 [1.20-1.32]), which confers allelic effect on transcript turnover via differential binding to the epigenetic factor miR-3148.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus