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Urinary biomarkers for phthalates associated with asthma in Norwegian children.

Bertelsen RJ, Carlsen KC, Calafat AM, Hoppin JA, Håland G, Mowinckel P, Carlsen KH, Løvik M - Environ. Health Perspect. (2012)

Bottom Line: High-molecular-weight phthalates in indoor dust have been associated with asthma in children, but few studies have evaluated phthalate biomarkers in association with respiratory outcomes.In a cross-sectional analysis, 11 metabolites of 8 phthalates [including four metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate] were measured in one first morning void collected from 2001 through 2004 from 623 10-year-old Norwegian children.Given the short biological half-life of the phthalates and the cross-sectional design, our findings should be interpreted cautiously.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Food, Water and Cosmetics, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. randi.jacobsen.bertelsen@fhi.no

ABSTRACT

Background: High-molecular-weight phthalates in indoor dust have been associated with asthma in children, but few studies have evaluated phthalate biomarkers in association with respiratory outcomes.

Objectives: We explored the association between urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and current asthma.

Methods: In a cross-sectional analysis, 11 metabolites of 8 phthalates [including four metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate] were measured in one first morning void collected from 2001 through 2004 from 623 10-year-old Norwegian children. Logistic regression models controlling for urine specific gravity, sex, parental asthma, and income were used to estimate associations between current asthma and phthalate metabolite concentrations by quartiles or as log10-transformed variables.

Results: Current asthma was associated with both mono(carboxyoctyl) phthalate (MCOP) and mono(carboxynonyl) phthalate (MCNP), although the association was limited to those in the highest quartile of these chemicals. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for current asthma was 1.9 (95% CI: 1.0, 3.3) for the highest MCOP quartile compared with the lowest quartile, and 1.3 (95% CI: 0.98, 1.7) for an interquartile-range increase. The aOR for current asthma was 2.2 (95% CI: 1.2, 4.0) for the highest MCNP quartile and 1.3 (95% CI: 1.0, 1.7) for an interquartile-range increase. The other phthalate metabolites were not associated with current asthma.

Conclusions: Current asthma was associated with the highest quartiles of MCOP and MCNP, metabolites of two high molecular weight phthalates, diisononyl phthalate and diisodecyl phthalate, respectively. Given the short biological half-life of the phthalates and the cross-sectional design, our findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

SG-adjusted phthalate metabolite concentrations (µg/L) in girls and boys. Values are GM with error bars for 95% CIs. *p < 0.05. **p< 0.001.
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f1: SG-adjusted phthalate metabolite concentrations (µg/L) in girls and boys. Values are GM with error bars for 95% CIs. *p < 0.05. **p< 0.001.

Mentions: Compared with boys, girls had higher urinary concentrations of the low-MWP metabolites MnBP (p < 0.001), MEP (p < 0.001), and MiBP (p = 0.07) and of the high-MWP metabolite MCOP (p = 0.03) [Figure 1; see also Supplemental Material, Table S4 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205256)].


Urinary biomarkers for phthalates associated with asthma in Norwegian children.

Bertelsen RJ, Carlsen KC, Calafat AM, Hoppin JA, Håland G, Mowinckel P, Carlsen KH, Løvik M - Environ. Health Perspect. (2012)

SG-adjusted phthalate metabolite concentrations (µg/L) in girls and boys. Values are GM with error bars for 95% CIs. *p < 0.05. **p< 0.001.
© Copyright Policy - public-domain
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3569683&req=5

f1: SG-adjusted phthalate metabolite concentrations (µg/L) in girls and boys. Values are GM with error bars for 95% CIs. *p < 0.05. **p< 0.001.
Mentions: Compared with boys, girls had higher urinary concentrations of the low-MWP metabolites MnBP (p < 0.001), MEP (p < 0.001), and MiBP (p = 0.07) and of the high-MWP metabolite MCOP (p = 0.03) [Figure 1; see also Supplemental Material, Table S4 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205256)].

Bottom Line: High-molecular-weight phthalates in indoor dust have been associated with asthma in children, but few studies have evaluated phthalate biomarkers in association with respiratory outcomes.In a cross-sectional analysis, 11 metabolites of 8 phthalates [including four metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate] were measured in one first morning void collected from 2001 through 2004 from 623 10-year-old Norwegian children.Given the short biological half-life of the phthalates and the cross-sectional design, our findings should be interpreted cautiously.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Food, Water and Cosmetics, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. randi.jacobsen.bertelsen@fhi.no

ABSTRACT

Background: High-molecular-weight phthalates in indoor dust have been associated with asthma in children, but few studies have evaluated phthalate biomarkers in association with respiratory outcomes.

Objectives: We explored the association between urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and current asthma.

Methods: In a cross-sectional analysis, 11 metabolites of 8 phthalates [including four metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate] were measured in one first morning void collected from 2001 through 2004 from 623 10-year-old Norwegian children. Logistic regression models controlling for urine specific gravity, sex, parental asthma, and income were used to estimate associations between current asthma and phthalate metabolite concentrations by quartiles or as log10-transformed variables.

Results: Current asthma was associated with both mono(carboxyoctyl) phthalate (MCOP) and mono(carboxynonyl) phthalate (MCNP), although the association was limited to those in the highest quartile of these chemicals. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for current asthma was 1.9 (95% CI: 1.0, 3.3) for the highest MCOP quartile compared with the lowest quartile, and 1.3 (95% CI: 0.98, 1.7) for an interquartile-range increase. The aOR for current asthma was 2.2 (95% CI: 1.2, 4.0) for the highest MCNP quartile and 1.3 (95% CI: 1.0, 1.7) for an interquartile-range increase. The other phthalate metabolites were not associated with current asthma.

Conclusions: Current asthma was associated with the highest quartiles of MCOP and MCNP, metabolites of two high molecular weight phthalates, diisononyl phthalate and diisodecyl phthalate, respectively. Given the short biological half-life of the phthalates and the cross-sectional design, our findings should be interpreted cautiously.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus