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Hypercholesterolemia and in-vivo coronary plaque composition in patients with coronary artery disease: a virtual histology - intravascular ultrasound study.

Seo YH, Lee CS, Yuk HB, Yang DJ, Park HW, Kim KH, Kim WH, Kwon TG, Bae JH - Korean Circ J (2013)

Bottom Line: Hypercholesterolemic patients were younger (59.7±13.3 years vs. 62.6±11.5 years, p=0.036), than normocholesterolemic patients, whereas there were no significant differences in other demographics.Hypercholesterolemic patients had higher corrected necrotic core volume (1.23±0.85 mm(3)/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm(3)/mm, p=0.029) as well as percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) than normocholesterolemic patients.Hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased necrotic core volume in coronary artery plaque.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, Heart Center, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Hypercholesterolemia is a key factor in the development of atherosclerosis. We sought to evaluate the relation between hypercholesterolemia and plaque composition in patients with coronary artery disease.

Subjects and methods: Study subjects consisted of 323 patients (mean 61.5 years, 226 males) who underwent coronary angiography and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound examination. Patients were divided into two groups according to total cholesterol level: hypercholesterolemic group (≥200 mg/dL, n=114) and normocholesterolemic group (<200 mg/dL, n=209).

Results: Hypercholesterolemic patients were younger (59.7±13.3 years vs. 62.6±11.5 years, p=0.036), than normocholesterolemic patients, whereas there were no significant differences in other demographics. Hypercholesterolemic patients had higher corrected necrotic core volume (1.23±0.85 mm(3)/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm(3)/mm, p=0.029) as well as percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) than normocholesterolemic patients. At the minimal lumen area site, percent necrotic core area (21.4±10.5% vs. 18.4±11.3%, p=0.019) and necrotic core area (1.63±1.09 mm(2) vs. 1.40±1.20 mm(2), p=0.088) were also higher than normocholesterolemic patients. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that total cholesterol level was an independent factor of percent necrotic core volume in the culprit lesion after being adjusted with age, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol , hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and acute coronary syndrome (beta 0.027, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.053, p=0.037).

Conclusion: Hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased necrotic core volume in coronary artery plaque. This study suggests that hypercholesterolemia plays a role in making plaque more complex, which is characterized by a large necrotic core, in coronary artery disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representative VH-IVUS findings in both groups. A: normocholesterolemic patient (42 years old man with stable angina pectoris) showed small amounts of necrotic core volume. B: hypercholesterolemic patient (55 years old man with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) showed large amounts of necrotic core volume. VH-IVUS: virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound, EEM: external elastic membrane, CSA: cross sectional area.
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Figure 1: Representative VH-IVUS findings in both groups. A: normocholesterolemic patient (42 years old man with stable angina pectoris) showed small amounts of necrotic core volume. B: hypercholesterolemic patient (55 years old man with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) showed large amounts of necrotic core volume. VH-IVUS: virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound, EEM: external elastic membrane, CSA: cross sectional area.

Mentions: In VH-IVUS analysis over the entire segment of the culprit lesion, necrotic core volume was significantly larger in the hypercholesterolemic group (1.23±0.85 mm3/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm3/mm, p=0.029), and percent dense calcified (10.2±7.0% vs. 8.6±6.2%, p=0.041) and percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) were significantly higher in the hypercholesterolemic group (Table 3, Fig. 1).


Hypercholesterolemia and in-vivo coronary plaque composition in patients with coronary artery disease: a virtual histology - intravascular ultrasound study.

Seo YH, Lee CS, Yuk HB, Yang DJ, Park HW, Kim KH, Kim WH, Kwon TG, Bae JH - Korean Circ J (2013)

Representative VH-IVUS findings in both groups. A: normocholesterolemic patient (42 years old man with stable angina pectoris) showed small amounts of necrotic core volume. B: hypercholesterolemic patient (55 years old man with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) showed large amounts of necrotic core volume. VH-IVUS: virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound, EEM: external elastic membrane, CSA: cross sectional area.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3569563&req=5

Figure 1: Representative VH-IVUS findings in both groups. A: normocholesterolemic patient (42 years old man with stable angina pectoris) showed small amounts of necrotic core volume. B: hypercholesterolemic patient (55 years old man with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) showed large amounts of necrotic core volume. VH-IVUS: virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound, EEM: external elastic membrane, CSA: cross sectional area.
Mentions: In VH-IVUS analysis over the entire segment of the culprit lesion, necrotic core volume was significantly larger in the hypercholesterolemic group (1.23±0.85 mm3/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm3/mm, p=0.029), and percent dense calcified (10.2±7.0% vs. 8.6±6.2%, p=0.041) and percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) were significantly higher in the hypercholesterolemic group (Table 3, Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Hypercholesterolemic patients were younger (59.7±13.3 years vs. 62.6±11.5 years, p=0.036), than normocholesterolemic patients, whereas there were no significant differences in other demographics.Hypercholesterolemic patients had higher corrected necrotic core volume (1.23±0.85 mm(3)/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm(3)/mm, p=0.029) as well as percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) than normocholesterolemic patients.Hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased necrotic core volume in coronary artery plaque.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, Heart Center, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Hypercholesterolemia is a key factor in the development of atherosclerosis. We sought to evaluate the relation between hypercholesterolemia and plaque composition in patients with coronary artery disease.

Subjects and methods: Study subjects consisted of 323 patients (mean 61.5 years, 226 males) who underwent coronary angiography and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound examination. Patients were divided into two groups according to total cholesterol level: hypercholesterolemic group (≥200 mg/dL, n=114) and normocholesterolemic group (<200 mg/dL, n=209).

Results: Hypercholesterolemic patients were younger (59.7±13.3 years vs. 62.6±11.5 years, p=0.036), than normocholesterolemic patients, whereas there were no significant differences in other demographics. Hypercholesterolemic patients had higher corrected necrotic core volume (1.23±0.85 mm(3)/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm(3)/mm, p=0.029) as well as percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) than normocholesterolemic patients. At the minimal lumen area site, percent necrotic core area (21.4±10.5% vs. 18.4±11.3%, p=0.019) and necrotic core area (1.63±1.09 mm(2) vs. 1.40±1.20 mm(2), p=0.088) were also higher than normocholesterolemic patients. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that total cholesterol level was an independent factor of percent necrotic core volume in the culprit lesion after being adjusted with age, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol , hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and acute coronary syndrome (beta 0.027, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.053, p=0.037).

Conclusion: Hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased necrotic core volume in coronary artery plaque. This study suggests that hypercholesterolemia plays a role in making plaque more complex, which is characterized by a large necrotic core, in coronary artery disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus