Limits...
What is Your Diagnosis?

Dehghani P, Motevalli D, Asadian S, Saki N - Iran J Radiol (2012)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Costophrenic angles are blunted bilaterally in favor of bilateral pleural effusion especially prominent on the left side... Increased convexity of the left heart border and apex is noted associated with downward pointing of the apex indicative of left ventricular hypertrophy; however, the cardiothoracic ratio is in normal range... EKG may show altered ST segments, low voltage due to concurrence of pericarditis or tamponade in such patients... Chest X-ray is useful for confirmation of diagnosis... The presence of air in the pericardium in CXR (double-contoured cardiac silhouette) is the pathognomonic sign of pneumopericardium that is helpful for distinguishing between pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum... The symptoms of pneumomediastinum sometimes are the same as pneumopericardium... Pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum may co-exist in some conditions... Tension pneumopericardium is a lethal condition that rarely occurs after cardiac surgery... Chest radiography in pneumomediastinum may show radiolucent streaks along the heart margins, around the trachea or retrosternal space, other features of pneumomediastinum in chest radiography are tubular artery sign (lateral chest radiograph shows a radiolucent area around the right pulmonary artery), thymic sail sign (thymic lobes shift upward in infants) and continuous diaphragm sign (when central parts of the diaphragm are visible due the accumulation of air between the diaphragm and the pericardium)... Pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum, although rare, may arise in patients after cardiac surgeries... Physicians should be aware of the possibility of these complications and such patients need to be observed closely due to the possibility of cardiac tamponade or cardiac decompensation.

No MeSH data available.


© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3569559&req=5


What is Your Diagnosis?

Dehghani P, Motevalli D, Asadian S, Saki N - Iran J Radiol (2012)

© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3569559&req=5

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Costophrenic angles are blunted bilaterally in favor of bilateral pleural effusion especially prominent on the left side... Increased convexity of the left heart border and apex is noted associated with downward pointing of the apex indicative of left ventricular hypertrophy; however, the cardiothoracic ratio is in normal range... EKG may show altered ST segments, low voltage due to concurrence of pericarditis or tamponade in such patients... Chest X-ray is useful for confirmation of diagnosis... The presence of air in the pericardium in CXR (double-contoured cardiac silhouette) is the pathognomonic sign of pneumopericardium that is helpful for distinguishing between pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum... The symptoms of pneumomediastinum sometimes are the same as pneumopericardium... Pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum may co-exist in some conditions... Tension pneumopericardium is a lethal condition that rarely occurs after cardiac surgery... Chest radiography in pneumomediastinum may show radiolucent streaks along the heart margins, around the trachea or retrosternal space, other features of pneumomediastinum in chest radiography are tubular artery sign (lateral chest radiograph shows a radiolucent area around the right pulmonary artery), thymic sail sign (thymic lobes shift upward in infants) and continuous diaphragm sign (when central parts of the diaphragm are visible due the accumulation of air between the diaphragm and the pericardium)... Pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum, although rare, may arise in patients after cardiac surgeries... Physicians should be aware of the possibility of these complications and such patients need to be observed closely due to the possibility of cardiac tamponade or cardiac decompensation.

No MeSH data available.