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Genome sequence of the halotolerant bacterium Corynebacterium halotolerans type strain YIM 70093(T) (= DSM 44683(T)).

Rückert C, Albersmeier A, Al-Dilaimi A, Niehaus K, Szczepanowski R, Kalinowski J - Stand Genomic Sci (2012)

Bottom Line: C. halotolerans, isolated from a saline soil, belongs to the non-lipophilic, non-pathogenic corynebacteria.It displays a high tolerance to salts (up to 25%) and is related to the pathogenic corynebacteria C. freneyi and C. xerosis.As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project describing the 3.14 Mbp long chromosome and the 86.2 kbp plasmid pCha1 with their 2,865 protein-coding and 65 RNA genes will aid the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Technology Platform Genomics, CeBiTec, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Corynebacterium halotolerans Chen et al. 2004 is a member of the genus Corynebacterium which contains Gram-positive bacteria with a high G+C content. C. halotolerans, isolated from a saline soil, belongs to the non-lipophilic, non-pathogenic corynebacteria. It displays a high tolerance to salts (up to 25%) and is related to the pathogenic corynebacteria C. freneyi and C. xerosis. As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project describing the 3.14 Mbp long chromosome and the 86.2 kbp plasmid pCha1 with their 2,865 protein-coding and 65 RNA genes will aid the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Scanning electron micrograph of C. halotolerans YIM 70093T.
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f2: Scanning electron micrograph of C. halotolerans YIM 70093T.

Mentions: C. halotolerans YIM 70093T is Gram-positive and cells are rod-shaped, 0.5-1 μm long and 0.25-0.5 μm wide (Table 1 and Figure 2). It is described to be non-motile [1], which coincides with a complete lack of genes associated with ‘cell motility’ (functional category N). Optimal growth of YIM 70093T was shown to occur at 28°C, pH 7.2 and 100 g/l KCl, albeit the strain tolerates a wide range of salinity, between 0-250 g/l, NaCl, and MgCl2 [1]. Carbon sources utilized by strain YIM 70093T include glucose, galactose, sucrose, arabinose, mannose, mannitol, maltose, xylose, ribose, salicin, dextrin, and starch [1], although the latter is doubtful as C. halotolerans cannot hydrolize starch [1].


Genome sequence of the halotolerant bacterium Corynebacterium halotolerans type strain YIM 70093(T) (= DSM 44683(T)).

Rückert C, Albersmeier A, Al-Dilaimi A, Niehaus K, Szczepanowski R, Kalinowski J - Stand Genomic Sci (2012)

Scanning electron micrograph of C. halotolerans YIM 70093T.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3569386&req=5

f2: Scanning electron micrograph of C. halotolerans YIM 70093T.
Mentions: C. halotolerans YIM 70093T is Gram-positive and cells are rod-shaped, 0.5-1 μm long and 0.25-0.5 μm wide (Table 1 and Figure 2). It is described to be non-motile [1], which coincides with a complete lack of genes associated with ‘cell motility’ (functional category N). Optimal growth of YIM 70093T was shown to occur at 28°C, pH 7.2 and 100 g/l KCl, albeit the strain tolerates a wide range of salinity, between 0-250 g/l, NaCl, and MgCl2 [1]. Carbon sources utilized by strain YIM 70093T include glucose, galactose, sucrose, arabinose, mannose, mannitol, maltose, xylose, ribose, salicin, dextrin, and starch [1], although the latter is doubtful as C. halotolerans cannot hydrolize starch [1].

Bottom Line: C. halotolerans, isolated from a saline soil, belongs to the non-lipophilic, non-pathogenic corynebacteria.It displays a high tolerance to salts (up to 25%) and is related to the pathogenic corynebacteria C. freneyi and C. xerosis.As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project describing the 3.14 Mbp long chromosome and the 86.2 kbp plasmid pCha1 with their 2,865 protein-coding and 65 RNA genes will aid the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Technology Platform Genomics, CeBiTec, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Corynebacterium halotolerans Chen et al. 2004 is a member of the genus Corynebacterium which contains Gram-positive bacteria with a high G+C content. C. halotolerans, isolated from a saline soil, belongs to the non-lipophilic, non-pathogenic corynebacteria. It displays a high tolerance to salts (up to 25%) and is related to the pathogenic corynebacteria C. freneyi and C. xerosis. As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project describing the 3.14 Mbp long chromosome and the 86.2 kbp plasmid pCha1 with their 2,865 protein-coding and 65 RNA genes will aid the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus