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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers and HER3 expression are predictors of elisidepsin treatment response in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Teixidó C, Marés R, Aracil M, Ramón y Cajal S, Hernández-Losa J - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state.These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Pathology Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universidad Autonoma of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Elisidepsin (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, Irvalec®, PM02734) is a new synthetic depsipeptide, a result of the PharmaMar Development Program that seeks synthetic products of marine origin-derived compounds. Elisidepsin is a drug with antiproliferative activity in a wide range of tumors. In the present work we studied and characterized the mechanisms associated with sensitivity and resistance to elisidepsin treatment in a broad panel of tumor cell lines from breast and pancreas carcinomas, focusing on different factors involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the use of HER family receptors in predicting the in vitro drug response. Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines. In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state. Furthermore, a direct correlation between basal HER3 expression and sensitivity to elisidepsin was observed; moreover, modulation of HER3 expression levels in different cancer cell lines alter their sensitivities to the drug, making them more resistant when HER3 expression is downregulated by a HER3-specific short hairpin RNA and more sensitive when the receptor is overexpressed. These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

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Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot using 50 µg of protein to confirm their levels of HER3 expression.
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pone-0053645-g006: Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot using 50 µg of protein to confirm their levels of HER3 expression.

Mentions: To examine this experimentally, we utilized a shRNA construct to stably reduce HER3 expression in a panel of cell lines (Fig. 6). Stable clones of HER3 shRNA and LUC shRNA (control) vector-transfected cells were selected and examined for expression of HER3. As expected, levels of HER3 were significantly reduced in HER3-transfected cells, but not in those containing the pLKO LUC shRNA vector alone, indicating that the decrease in HER3 was not due to non-specific effects of introducing shRNA into the cells. Next, cell viability assays were performed to analyze elisidepsin sensitivity in the generated cells. Figure 6 shows that cells that have reduced levels of HER3 due to shRNA-mediated knockdown of its expression showed loss of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment in comparison to control cell lines.


Epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers and HER3 expression are predictors of elisidepsin treatment response in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Teixidó C, Marés R, Aracil M, Ramón y Cajal S, Hernández-Losa J - PLoS ONE (2013)

Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot using 50 µg of protein to confirm their levels of HER3 expression.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539985&req=5

pone-0053645-g006: Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot using 50 µg of protein to confirm their levels of HER3 expression.
Mentions: To examine this experimentally, we utilized a shRNA construct to stably reduce HER3 expression in a panel of cell lines (Fig. 6). Stable clones of HER3 shRNA and LUC shRNA (control) vector-transfected cells were selected and examined for expression of HER3. As expected, levels of HER3 were significantly reduced in HER3-transfected cells, but not in those containing the pLKO LUC shRNA vector alone, indicating that the decrease in HER3 was not due to non-specific effects of introducing shRNA into the cells. Next, cell viability assays were performed to analyze elisidepsin sensitivity in the generated cells. Figure 6 shows that cells that have reduced levels of HER3 due to shRNA-mediated knockdown of its expression showed loss of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment in comparison to control cell lines.

Bottom Line: Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state.These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Pathology Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universidad Autonoma of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Elisidepsin (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, Irvalec®, PM02734) is a new synthetic depsipeptide, a result of the PharmaMar Development Program that seeks synthetic products of marine origin-derived compounds. Elisidepsin is a drug with antiproliferative activity in a wide range of tumors. In the present work we studied and characterized the mechanisms associated with sensitivity and resistance to elisidepsin treatment in a broad panel of tumor cell lines from breast and pancreas carcinomas, focusing on different factors involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the use of HER family receptors in predicting the in vitro drug response. Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines. In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state. Furthermore, a direct correlation between basal HER3 expression and sensitivity to elisidepsin was observed; moreover, modulation of HER3 expression levels in different cancer cell lines alter their sensitivities to the drug, making them more resistant when HER3 expression is downregulated by a HER3-specific short hairpin RNA and more sensitive when the receptor is overexpressed. These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus