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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers and HER3 expression are predictors of elisidepsin treatment response in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Teixidó C, Marés R, Aracil M, Ramón y Cajal S, Hernández-Losa J - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state.These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Pathology Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universidad Autonoma of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Elisidepsin (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, Irvalec®, PM02734) is a new synthetic depsipeptide, a result of the PharmaMar Development Program that seeks synthetic products of marine origin-derived compounds. Elisidepsin is a drug with antiproliferative activity in a wide range of tumors. In the present work we studied and characterized the mechanisms associated with sensitivity and resistance to elisidepsin treatment in a broad panel of tumor cell lines from breast and pancreas carcinomas, focusing on different factors involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the use of HER family receptors in predicting the in vitro drug response. Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines. In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state. Furthermore, a direct correlation between basal HER3 expression and sensitivity to elisidepsin was observed; moreover, modulation of HER3 expression levels in different cancer cell lines alter their sensitivities to the drug, making them more resistant when HER3 expression is downregulated by a HER3-specific short hairpin RNA and more sensitive when the receptor is overexpressed. These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

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Elisidepsin sensitivity.A) Elisidepsin IC50s were determined in a panel of breast (left) and pancreatic (right) cancer cell lines using a crystal violet assay. Cells were exposed to elisidepsin for 72 h. Results are shown as the mean ± SD of at least three independent experiments. B) Cell proliferation in parental and subtoxic elisidepsin-treated cells. Cumulative numbers of cell divisions [shown as population doubling level (PDL)] are shown for MCF-7 and MiaPaCa-2 cells until passage 5. Proliferation of MCF-7 (IC50∶0.4 µM) and MiaPaCa-2 (IC50∶14 µM) cells was suppressed when elisidepsin was added to the culture at subtoxic doses (0.2 and 1 µM, respectively). The number of MiaPaCa-2 and MCF-7 seeded cells were 1.25×105 and 1.4×105, respectively. Each growth curve was performed at least twice with similar results, SDs are shown, and each time point was performed in duplicate. P, passage.
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pone-0053645-g001: Elisidepsin sensitivity.A) Elisidepsin IC50s were determined in a panel of breast (left) and pancreatic (right) cancer cell lines using a crystal violet assay. Cells were exposed to elisidepsin for 72 h. Results are shown as the mean ± SD of at least three independent experiments. B) Cell proliferation in parental and subtoxic elisidepsin-treated cells. Cumulative numbers of cell divisions [shown as population doubling level (PDL)] are shown for MCF-7 and MiaPaCa-2 cells until passage 5. Proliferation of MCF-7 (IC50∶0.4 µM) and MiaPaCa-2 (IC50∶14 µM) cells was suppressed when elisidepsin was added to the culture at subtoxic doses (0.2 and 1 µM, respectively). The number of MiaPaCa-2 and MCF-7 seeded cells were 1.25×105 and 1.4×105, respectively. Each growth curve was performed at least twice with similar results, SDs are shown, and each time point was performed in duplicate. P, passage.

Mentions: We performed cell viability assays in a panel of 12 cell lines (6 breast cancer cell lines and 6 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines) to determine if there was a correlation between epithelial or mesenchymal expression markers and cell sensitivity to elisidepsin. Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of the compound for 72 h. The half maximal (50%) inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for elisidepsin, as measured by a crystal violet assay using a spectrophotometer, ranged from 0.075 to 14 µM within the cell line panel (Fig. 1A).


Epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers and HER3 expression are predictors of elisidepsin treatment response in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Teixidó C, Marés R, Aracil M, Ramón y Cajal S, Hernández-Losa J - PLoS ONE (2013)

Elisidepsin sensitivity.A) Elisidepsin IC50s were determined in a panel of breast (left) and pancreatic (right) cancer cell lines using a crystal violet assay. Cells were exposed to elisidepsin for 72 h. Results are shown as the mean ± SD of at least three independent experiments. B) Cell proliferation in parental and subtoxic elisidepsin-treated cells. Cumulative numbers of cell divisions [shown as population doubling level (PDL)] are shown for MCF-7 and MiaPaCa-2 cells until passage 5. Proliferation of MCF-7 (IC50∶0.4 µM) and MiaPaCa-2 (IC50∶14 µM) cells was suppressed when elisidepsin was added to the culture at subtoxic doses (0.2 and 1 µM, respectively). The number of MiaPaCa-2 and MCF-7 seeded cells were 1.25×105 and 1.4×105, respectively. Each growth curve was performed at least twice with similar results, SDs are shown, and each time point was performed in duplicate. P, passage.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539985&req=5

pone-0053645-g001: Elisidepsin sensitivity.A) Elisidepsin IC50s were determined in a panel of breast (left) and pancreatic (right) cancer cell lines using a crystal violet assay. Cells were exposed to elisidepsin for 72 h. Results are shown as the mean ± SD of at least three independent experiments. B) Cell proliferation in parental and subtoxic elisidepsin-treated cells. Cumulative numbers of cell divisions [shown as population doubling level (PDL)] are shown for MCF-7 and MiaPaCa-2 cells until passage 5. Proliferation of MCF-7 (IC50∶0.4 µM) and MiaPaCa-2 (IC50∶14 µM) cells was suppressed when elisidepsin was added to the culture at subtoxic doses (0.2 and 1 µM, respectively). The number of MiaPaCa-2 and MCF-7 seeded cells were 1.25×105 and 1.4×105, respectively. Each growth curve was performed at least twice with similar results, SDs are shown, and each time point was performed in duplicate. P, passage.
Mentions: We performed cell viability assays in a panel of 12 cell lines (6 breast cancer cell lines and 6 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines) to determine if there was a correlation between epithelial or mesenchymal expression markers and cell sensitivity to elisidepsin. Cells were treated with increasing concentrations of the compound for 72 h. The half maximal (50%) inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for elisidepsin, as measured by a crystal violet assay using a spectrophotometer, ranged from 0.075 to 14 µM within the cell line panel (Fig. 1A).

Bottom Line: Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state.These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Pathology Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universidad Autonoma of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Elisidepsin (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, Irvalec®, PM02734) is a new synthetic depsipeptide, a result of the PharmaMar Development Program that seeks synthetic products of marine origin-derived compounds. Elisidepsin is a drug with antiproliferative activity in a wide range of tumors. In the present work we studied and characterized the mechanisms associated with sensitivity and resistance to elisidepsin treatment in a broad panel of tumor cell lines from breast and pancreas carcinomas, focusing on different factors involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the use of HER family receptors in predicting the in vitro drug response. Interestingly, we observed that the basal protein expression levels of EMT markers show a significant correlation with cell viability in response to elisidepsin treatment in a panel of 12 different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines. In addition, we generated three elisidepsin treatment-resistant cell lines (MCF-7, HPAC and AsPC-1) and analyzed the pattern of expression of different EMT markers in these cells, confirming that acquired resistance to elisidepsin is associated with a switch to the EMT state. Furthermore, a direct correlation between basal HER3 expression and sensitivity to elisidepsin was observed; moreover, modulation of HER3 expression levels in different cancer cell lines alter their sensitivities to the drug, making them more resistant when HER3 expression is downregulated by a HER3-specific short hairpin RNA and more sensitive when the receptor is overexpressed. These results show that HER3 expression is an important marker of sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus