Limits...
A pilot study on the stability of toluene in blood from workers.

Ogawa M, Sasahara T - J Occup Med Toxicol (2012)

Bottom Line: The sealing performance of the headspace vial used in this study was good for three days and toluene in blood in tubes from workers was stable at least within 8 hours up to blood packing at 4°C.We could propose that the collected blood need only be transferred into headspace vials on the collection day and analyzed within a few days, if the samples are preserved at 4°C.Our data size is limited; however, it may be considered basic information for biological monitoring in medical examinations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Service Center, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1, Yakushiji, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan. masa-oga@jichi.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biological monitoring is used to assess toluene exposure in medical examinations. The American Conference of Industrial Hygienists, Japanese Society for Occupational Health and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft have proposed various biological exposure determinants, such as toluene in blood and urine, and o-cresol in urine. Toluene in blood is a common biomarker among them. Toluene is a volatile organic solvent; therefore, sample preservation under appropriate conditions before measurement is necessary. However, little study has been done on the stability of toluene in workers' blood samples under conditions simulating those of a medical examination.

Finding: We carried out a pilot study on the stability of toluene in blood from humans, according to different methods of sample preservation. Toluene in blood was analyzed by head space-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The sealing performance of the vial was examined by using toluene-added blood and the stability of toluene in blood according to the preservation period was examined by using blood from toluene-handling workers, which was collected with vacuum blood tubes. The sealing performance of the headspace vial used in this study was good for three days and toluene in blood in tubes from workers was stable at least within 8 hours up to blood packing at 4°C.

Conclusion: We could propose that the collected blood need only be transferred into headspace vials on the collection day and analyzed within a few days, if the samples are preserved at 4°C. Our data size is limited; however, it may be considered basic information for biological monitoring in medical examinations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The change of toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period. The toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period, setting the toluene levels immediately after packing to be 100%.
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Figure 2: The change of toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period. The toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period, setting the toluene levels immediately after packing to be 100%.

Mentions: The toluene level in the blood of workers ranged from 11 ppm to 55 ppm in the immediately packed vials. These levels are all under occupational exposure limits set by JSOH, ACGIH and DFG. We set these toluene levels to be 100% and compared the variation according to the preservation period. Changes in toluene levels are shown in Figure2. There are no significant differences in the blood toluene levels according to the preservation period, as determined by Friedman test.


A pilot study on the stability of toluene in blood from workers.

Ogawa M, Sasahara T - J Occup Med Toxicol (2012)

The change of toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period. The toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period, setting the toluene levels immediately after packing to be 100%.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539900&req=5

Figure 2: The change of toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period. The toluene level in blood from workers according to the preservation period, setting the toluene levels immediately after packing to be 100%.
Mentions: The toluene level in the blood of workers ranged from 11 ppm to 55 ppm in the immediately packed vials. These levels are all under occupational exposure limits set by JSOH, ACGIH and DFG. We set these toluene levels to be 100% and compared the variation according to the preservation period. Changes in toluene levels are shown in Figure2. There are no significant differences in the blood toluene levels according to the preservation period, as determined by Friedman test.

Bottom Line: The sealing performance of the headspace vial used in this study was good for three days and toluene in blood in tubes from workers was stable at least within 8 hours up to blood packing at 4°C.We could propose that the collected blood need only be transferred into headspace vials on the collection day and analyzed within a few days, if the samples are preserved at 4°C.Our data size is limited; however, it may be considered basic information for biological monitoring in medical examinations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Service Center, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1, Yakushiji, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan. masa-oga@jichi.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biological monitoring is used to assess toluene exposure in medical examinations. The American Conference of Industrial Hygienists, Japanese Society for Occupational Health and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft have proposed various biological exposure determinants, such as toluene in blood and urine, and o-cresol in urine. Toluene in blood is a common biomarker among them. Toluene is a volatile organic solvent; therefore, sample preservation under appropriate conditions before measurement is necessary. However, little study has been done on the stability of toluene in workers' blood samples under conditions simulating those of a medical examination.

Finding: We carried out a pilot study on the stability of toluene in blood from humans, according to different methods of sample preservation. Toluene in blood was analyzed by head space-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The sealing performance of the vial was examined by using toluene-added blood and the stability of toluene in blood according to the preservation period was examined by using blood from toluene-handling workers, which was collected with vacuum blood tubes. The sealing performance of the headspace vial used in this study was good for three days and toluene in blood in tubes from workers was stable at least within 8 hours up to blood packing at 4°C.

Conclusion: We could propose that the collected blood need only be transferred into headspace vials on the collection day and analyzed within a few days, if the samples are preserved at 4°C. Our data size is limited; however, it may be considered basic information for biological monitoring in medical examinations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus