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A survey of plants and plant products traditionally used in livestock health management in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.

Gakuubi MM, Wanzala W - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2012)

Bottom Line: Of these families, Fabaceae had the highest number of species (16.67%), followed by Solanaceae (12.5%), Asteraceae and Euphorbiacea (each comprising 8.33%), Lamiaceae (6.25%), Apocynaceae and Boraginaceae (each comprising 4.17%), while the rest of the 19 families, each was represented by a single plant species.The study showed that there was a rich knowledge and ethnopractices for traditional animal healthcare amongst the Ameru.This study therefore provides some groundwork for elucidating the efficacy of some of these plants, plant products and ethnopractices in managing livestock health as further research may lead to discovery of useful ethnopharmaceutical agents applicable in livestock industry.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Science, The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 62157-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT

Background: Up till now, nomadic communities in Africa have been the primary focus of ethnoveterinary research. Although mainly arable and/or mixed arable/pastoral farmers, Ameru of central Kenya are known to have a rich history of ethnoveterinary knowledge. Their collective and accumulative ethnoveterinary knowledge (EVK) is likely to be just as rich and worth documenting. The aim of the study was to document and analyse the ethnoveterinary knowledge of the Ameru.

Methods: Non-alienating, dialogic, participatory action research (PAR) and participatory rural appraisal (PRA) approaches involving 21 women and men aged between 50 and 79 years old were utilized. A combination of snowball and purposive sampling methods were used to select 21 key respondents. The methods comprised a set of triangulation approach needed in EVK for non-experimental validation of ethnoknowledge of the Ameru.

Results: A total of 48 plant species distributed in 26 families were documented with details of diseases/ill-health conditions, parts of plants used and form of preparation and administration methods applied to different animal groups. Of these families, Fabaceae had the highest number of species (16.67%), followed by Solanaceae (12.5%), Asteraceae and Euphorbiacea (each comprising 8.33%), Lamiaceae (6.25%), Apocynaceae and Boraginaceae (each comprising 4.17%), while the rest of the 19 families, each was represented by a single plant species. About 30 livestock diseases/ill-health conditions were described, each treated by at least one of the 48 plant species. Most prevalent diseases/ill-health conditions included: - anaplasmosis, diarrhea, East Coast fever, pneumonia, helminthiasis, general weakness and skin diseases involving wounds caused by ectoparasites.

Conclusion: The study showed that there was a rich knowledge and ethnopractices for traditional animal healthcare amongst the Ameru. This study therefore provides some groundwork for elucidating the efficacy of some of these plants, plant products and ethnopractices in managing livestock health as further research may lead to discovery of useful ethnopharmaceutical agents applicable in livestock industry.

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Routes of administration of ethnoformulations used by ethnoveterinarians in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.
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Figure 7: Routes of administration of ethnoformulations used by ethnoveterinarians in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.

Mentions: The route of administration of ethnobotanical preparations depended on the nature of the disease and the target animal[7,34]. The main routes of administration documented in the study area were: - oral, topical/dermal, through the eyes and others such as application of the medicines directly on a fresh wound or cut. The most common route of administration was oral (74%) followed by dermal/topical (19.2%). Application of ethnomedicines through the eyes and other routes of administration accounted for 2.7% and 4.1%, respectively (Figure7). Correct dosage (as described by an ethnopractitioner such as three glasses in a day) was an important aspect of ethnoveterinary medicine according to the respondents because, under dose was known to make the remedy ineffective while over dose caused livestock poisoning and subsequent death. Many respondents were of the opinion that the correct dosages for various ethnomedicines had been established through a lengthy period of trial and error mechanisms. Among the factors that determined the administration frequency and dose of the herbal remedies included: - the livestock species, age, body weight, level/state of illness and other conditions such as pregnancy and lactation. There were however, some discrepancies and difficulties in trying to determine the actual dosages for various ethnoformulation preparations from different respondents. This was largely due to the fact that measurements of most herbal remedies were administered through approximation and there existed little or no dosage standardization for most ethnoformulation preparations[34,59].


A survey of plants and plant products traditionally used in livestock health management in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.

Gakuubi MM, Wanzala W - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2012)

Routes of administration of ethnoformulations used by ethnoveterinarians in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539861&req=5

Figure 7: Routes of administration of ethnoformulations used by ethnoveterinarians in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya.
Mentions: The route of administration of ethnobotanical preparations depended on the nature of the disease and the target animal[7,34]. The main routes of administration documented in the study area were: - oral, topical/dermal, through the eyes and others such as application of the medicines directly on a fresh wound or cut. The most common route of administration was oral (74%) followed by dermal/topical (19.2%). Application of ethnomedicines through the eyes and other routes of administration accounted for 2.7% and 4.1%, respectively (Figure7). Correct dosage (as described by an ethnopractitioner such as three glasses in a day) was an important aspect of ethnoveterinary medicine according to the respondents because, under dose was known to make the remedy ineffective while over dose caused livestock poisoning and subsequent death. Many respondents were of the opinion that the correct dosages for various ethnomedicines had been established through a lengthy period of trial and error mechanisms. Among the factors that determined the administration frequency and dose of the herbal remedies included: - the livestock species, age, body weight, level/state of illness and other conditions such as pregnancy and lactation. There were however, some discrepancies and difficulties in trying to determine the actual dosages for various ethnoformulation preparations from different respondents. This was largely due to the fact that measurements of most herbal remedies were administered through approximation and there existed little or no dosage standardization for most ethnoformulation preparations[34,59].

Bottom Line: Of these families, Fabaceae had the highest number of species (16.67%), followed by Solanaceae (12.5%), Asteraceae and Euphorbiacea (each comprising 8.33%), Lamiaceae (6.25%), Apocynaceae and Boraginaceae (each comprising 4.17%), while the rest of the 19 families, each was represented by a single plant species.The study showed that there was a rich knowledge and ethnopractices for traditional animal healthcare amongst the Ameru.This study therefore provides some groundwork for elucidating the efficacy of some of these plants, plant products and ethnopractices in managing livestock health as further research may lead to discovery of useful ethnopharmaceutical agents applicable in livestock industry.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Science, The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 62157-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT

Background: Up till now, nomadic communities in Africa have been the primary focus of ethnoveterinary research. Although mainly arable and/or mixed arable/pastoral farmers, Ameru of central Kenya are known to have a rich history of ethnoveterinary knowledge. Their collective and accumulative ethnoveterinary knowledge (EVK) is likely to be just as rich and worth documenting. The aim of the study was to document and analyse the ethnoveterinary knowledge of the Ameru.

Methods: Non-alienating, dialogic, participatory action research (PAR) and participatory rural appraisal (PRA) approaches involving 21 women and men aged between 50 and 79 years old were utilized. A combination of snowball and purposive sampling methods were used to select 21 key respondents. The methods comprised a set of triangulation approach needed in EVK for non-experimental validation of ethnoknowledge of the Ameru.

Results: A total of 48 plant species distributed in 26 families were documented with details of diseases/ill-health conditions, parts of plants used and form of preparation and administration methods applied to different animal groups. Of these families, Fabaceae had the highest number of species (16.67%), followed by Solanaceae (12.5%), Asteraceae and Euphorbiacea (each comprising 8.33%), Lamiaceae (6.25%), Apocynaceae and Boraginaceae (each comprising 4.17%), while the rest of the 19 families, each was represented by a single plant species. About 30 livestock diseases/ill-health conditions were described, each treated by at least one of the 48 plant species. Most prevalent diseases/ill-health conditions included: - anaplasmosis, diarrhea, East Coast fever, pneumonia, helminthiasis, general weakness and skin diseases involving wounds caused by ectoparasites.

Conclusion: The study showed that there was a rich knowledge and ethnopractices for traditional animal healthcare amongst the Ameru. This study therefore provides some groundwork for elucidating the efficacy of some of these plants, plant products and ethnopractices in managing livestock health as further research may lead to discovery of useful ethnopharmaceutical agents applicable in livestock industry.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus