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Predictors of symptoms of posttraumatic stress in Chinese university students during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Xu J, Zheng Y, Wang M, Zhao J, Zhan Q, Fu M, Wang Q, Xiao J, Cheng Y - Med. Sci. Monit. (2011)

Bottom Line: The correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the PCL-C total score and area, and university grade (P<0.01).Moreover, a negative relationship was found between the PCL-C total score and gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends or acquaintances having H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza (P<0.01).In North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends, or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: The university environment poses a high risk of spreading infectious diseases, particularly the 2009 pandemic influenza H1N1, as it is a mass gathering place for youth. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of stress symptoms among Chinese university students during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Material/methods: We used a self-reported questionnaire, the PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder) Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) to evaluate the stress symptoms among Chinese university students from Heilongjiang (n=455), Beijing (n=106), Shanghai (n=419) and Sichuan (n=102). We then analyzed the predictors of stress symptoms.

Results: The proportion of university students enrolled in this study who met symptomatic criteria for PTSD was 2% (22 students). The mean PCL-C total score in the sample was 22.09 ± 8.01. The correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the PCL-C total score and area, and university grade (P<0.01). Moreover, a negative relationship was found between the PCL-C total score and gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends or acquaintances having H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza (P<0.01). The regression analyses showed that in North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

Conclusions: In North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends, or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

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The Sample Provinces of China in this study.
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f1-medscimonit-17-7-ph60: The Sample Provinces of China in this study.

Mentions: The subjects were recruited from 4 provinces of China, including Heilongjiang, Beijing, Shanghai and Sichuan during November-December 2009. The 4 provinces provide an adequate representation of socioeconomic status and geographical location of mainland China (Figure 1). In North China, Beijing is a relatively developed area, while Heilongjiang is less developed. Similarly, in South China, Shanghai is a developed area, while Sichuan is a developing. University students attending various classes in one of the major classroom buildings on campus in the above 4 provinces were recruited in this study to complete a questionnaire designed by the primary authors. The sample sizes from Heilongjiang, Beijing, Shanghai and Sichuan were 455, 106, 419, and 102, respectively. Demographics for the study samples from North China and South China are presented in Table 1. The procedure for sampling classes was not random because availability of university students depended on instructor permission and scheduling considerations.


Predictors of symptoms of posttraumatic stress in Chinese university students during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Xu J, Zheng Y, Wang M, Zhao J, Zhan Q, Fu M, Wang Q, Xiao J, Cheng Y - Med. Sci. Monit. (2011)

The Sample Provinces of China in this study.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539574&req=5

f1-medscimonit-17-7-ph60: The Sample Provinces of China in this study.
Mentions: The subjects were recruited from 4 provinces of China, including Heilongjiang, Beijing, Shanghai and Sichuan during November-December 2009. The 4 provinces provide an adequate representation of socioeconomic status and geographical location of mainland China (Figure 1). In North China, Beijing is a relatively developed area, while Heilongjiang is less developed. Similarly, in South China, Shanghai is a developed area, while Sichuan is a developing. University students attending various classes in one of the major classroom buildings on campus in the above 4 provinces were recruited in this study to complete a questionnaire designed by the primary authors. The sample sizes from Heilongjiang, Beijing, Shanghai and Sichuan were 455, 106, 419, and 102, respectively. Demographics for the study samples from North China and South China are presented in Table 1. The procedure for sampling classes was not random because availability of university students depended on instructor permission and scheduling considerations.

Bottom Line: The correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the PCL-C total score and area, and university grade (P<0.01).Moreover, a negative relationship was found between the PCL-C total score and gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends or acquaintances having H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza (P<0.01).In North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends, or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: The university environment poses a high risk of spreading infectious diseases, particularly the 2009 pandemic influenza H1N1, as it is a mass gathering place for youth. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of stress symptoms among Chinese university students during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Material/methods: We used a self-reported questionnaire, the PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder) Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) to evaluate the stress symptoms among Chinese university students from Heilongjiang (n=455), Beijing (n=106), Shanghai (n=419) and Sichuan (n=102). We then analyzed the predictors of stress symptoms.

Results: The proportion of university students enrolled in this study who met symptomatic criteria for PTSD was 2% (22 students). The mean PCL-C total score in the sample was 22.09 ± 8.01. The correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the PCL-C total score and area, and university grade (P<0.01). Moreover, a negative relationship was found between the PCL-C total score and gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends or acquaintances having H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza (P<0.01). The regression analyses showed that in North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

Conclusions: In North China, female gender, having H1N1 influenza, having family members, friends, or acquaintances with H1N1 influenza, and being afraid of H1N1 influenza were significant predictors of the stress symptoms.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus