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A new species of the lenticel fungal genus Claviradulomyces (Ostropales) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest tree Xylopia sericea (Annonaceae).

Barreto RW, Johnston PR, Crous PW, Evans HC - IMA Fungus (2012)

Bottom Line: Both species were consistently in association with abnormal lenticular development on their woody hosts.The finding of the second species in the genus Claviradulomyces on a plant from a distantly related family to that of the host of C. dabeicola (Erythroxylaceae) for the genus on a different continent suggests that fungi in this genus may be common on lenticels of other woody plants, and could even have a pantropical distribution.It is possible that fungi in the genus have remained unreported until now because lenticels have remained neglected as a habitat surveyed by mycologists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36750 Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil;

ABSTRACT
Claviradulomyces xylopiae sp. nov. is introduced for a fungus occurring in association with abnormal (enlarged, spongy) lenticels of Xylopia sericea (Annonaceae), a common tree of the Atlantic forest and Cerrado ecosystems in Brazil. This is the second species described in the genus and, although it is morphologically distinct from the type species, C. dabeicola from West Africa, it possesses the same characteristics. Apothecial ascomata have periphysoids and paraphyses that are inflated apically (clavate), and ornamented with denticles (raduliform). Furthermore, similar to the type species, it also has long-cylindric or acerose, aseptate ascospores and conidia. An additional asexual morph was produced in culture and is described. Molecular studies of C. dabeicola and the new species confirmed a placement in Ostropales, although a relationship to Odontotremataceae was not supported. Both species were consistently in association with abnormal lenticular development on their woody hosts. It remains to be ascertained, however, if these are the causal agents of the bark disorders, or, simply, opportunistic colonisers. The finding of the second species in the genus Claviradulomyces on a plant from a distantly related family to that of the host of C. dabeicola (Erythroxylaceae) for the genus on a different continent suggests that fungi in this genus may be common on lenticels of other woody plants, and could even have a pantropical distribution. It is possible that fungi in the genus have remained unreported until now because lenticels have remained neglected as a habitat surveyed by mycologists.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Claviradulomyces xylopiae in culture . A. Colony formed on PCA under 12 h daily light regime. B. Colony formed on MEA under 12 h daily light regime. C. Close-up of margin of colony formed on PCA (Note groups of black pycnidia, isolated and in groups). D. Close-up of colony formed on MEA (Note mucilaginous mass of conidia oozing from black spermogonia). Bars = 2 mm.
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Figure 5: Claviradulomyces xylopiae in culture . A. Colony formed on PCA under 12 h daily light regime. B. Colony formed on MEA under 12 h daily light regime. C. Close-up of margin of colony formed on PCA (Note groups of black pycnidia, isolated and in groups). D. Close-up of colony formed on MEA (Note mucilaginous mass of conidia oozing from black spermogonia). Bars = 2 mm.

Mentions: (Figs 1–5)


A new species of the lenticel fungal genus Claviradulomyces (Ostropales) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest tree Xylopia sericea (Annonaceae).

Barreto RW, Johnston PR, Crous PW, Evans HC - IMA Fungus (2012)

Claviradulomyces xylopiae in culture . A. Colony formed on PCA under 12 h daily light regime. B. Colony formed on MEA under 12 h daily light regime. C. Close-up of margin of colony formed on PCA (Note groups of black pycnidia, isolated and in groups). D. Close-up of colony formed on MEA (Note mucilaginous mass of conidia oozing from black spermogonia). Bars = 2 mm.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3539316&req=5

Figure 5: Claviradulomyces xylopiae in culture . A. Colony formed on PCA under 12 h daily light regime. B. Colony formed on MEA under 12 h daily light regime. C. Close-up of margin of colony formed on PCA (Note groups of black pycnidia, isolated and in groups). D. Close-up of colony formed on MEA (Note mucilaginous mass of conidia oozing from black spermogonia). Bars = 2 mm.
Mentions: (Figs 1–5)

Bottom Line: Both species were consistently in association with abnormal lenticular development on their woody hosts.The finding of the second species in the genus Claviradulomyces on a plant from a distantly related family to that of the host of C. dabeicola (Erythroxylaceae) for the genus on a different continent suggests that fungi in this genus may be common on lenticels of other woody plants, and could even have a pantropical distribution.It is possible that fungi in the genus have remained unreported until now because lenticels have remained neglected as a habitat surveyed by mycologists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36750 Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil;

ABSTRACT
Claviradulomyces xylopiae sp. nov. is introduced for a fungus occurring in association with abnormal (enlarged, spongy) lenticels of Xylopia sericea (Annonaceae), a common tree of the Atlantic forest and Cerrado ecosystems in Brazil. This is the second species described in the genus and, although it is morphologically distinct from the type species, C. dabeicola from West Africa, it possesses the same characteristics. Apothecial ascomata have periphysoids and paraphyses that are inflated apically (clavate), and ornamented with denticles (raduliform). Furthermore, similar to the type species, it also has long-cylindric or acerose, aseptate ascospores and conidia. An additional asexual morph was produced in culture and is described. Molecular studies of C. dabeicola and the new species confirmed a placement in Ostropales, although a relationship to Odontotremataceae was not supported. Both species were consistently in association with abnormal lenticular development on their woody hosts. It remains to be ascertained, however, if these are the causal agents of the bark disorders, or, simply, opportunistic colonisers. The finding of the second species in the genus Claviradulomyces on a plant from a distantly related family to that of the host of C. dabeicola (Erythroxylaceae) for the genus on a different continent suggests that fungi in this genus may be common on lenticels of other woody plants, and could even have a pantropical distribution. It is possible that fungi in the genus have remained unreported until now because lenticels have remained neglected as a habitat surveyed by mycologists.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus