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The influence of shyness on the scanning of own- and other-race faces in adults.

Wang Q, Hu C, Short LA, Fu G - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: We found that: (1) Participants' shyness scores were negatively correlated with the fixation proportion on the eyes, regardless of the race of face they viewed.The shyer the participants were, the less time they spent fixating on the eye region; (2) High shyness participants tended to fixate significantly more than low shyness participants on the regions just below the eyes as if to avoid direct eye contact; (3) When participants were recognizing own-race faces, their shyness scores were positively correlated with the normalized criterion.The present results support an avoidance hypothesis of shyness, suggesting that shy individuals tend to avoid directly fixating on others' eyes, regardless of face race.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China.

ABSTRACT
The current study explored the relationship between shyness and face scanning patterns for own- and other-race faces in adults. Participants completed a shyness inventory and a face recognition task in which their eye movements were recorded by a Tobii 1750 eye tracker. We found that: (1) Participants' shyness scores were negatively correlated with the fixation proportion on the eyes, regardless of the race of face they viewed. The shyer the participants were, the less time they spent fixating on the eye region; (2) High shyness participants tended to fixate significantly more than low shyness participants on the regions just below the eyes as if to avoid direct eye contact; (3) When participants were recognizing own-race faces, their shyness scores were positively correlated with the normalized criterion. The shyer they were, the more apt they were to judge the faces as novel, regardless of whether they were target or foil faces. The present results support an avoidance hypothesis of shyness, suggesting that shy individuals tend to avoid directly fixating on others' eyes, regardless of face race.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Fixation maps for the low and high shyness participants in the learning and reviewing phase.A) Fixation map for the low shyness participants, B) Fixation map for the high shyness participants, and C) Fixation difference map calculated by subtracting the high shyness group from the low shyness group.
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pone-0052203-g003: Fixation maps for the low and high shyness participants in the learning and reviewing phase.A) Fixation map for the low shyness participants, B) Fixation map for the high shyness participants, and C) Fixation difference map calculated by subtracting the high shyness group from the low shyness group.

Mentions: This study was conducted in China according to the NIH research ethics guidelines and received approval from the Zhejiang Normal University Research Ethics Review Committee. Participants gave written informed consent prior to their participation and were compensated for their involvement in the study. Participants were ensured that no harm would come to them through their involvement in the study and were told that they had the option to quit at any time during the experiment and still receive monetary payment. The subjects of the images used in Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this manuscript provided written informed consent, as outline in the PLOS consent form, to publication of their photograph.


The influence of shyness on the scanning of own- and other-race faces in adults.

Wang Q, Hu C, Short LA, Fu G - PLoS ONE (2012)

Fixation maps for the low and high shyness participants in the learning and reviewing phase.A) Fixation map for the low shyness participants, B) Fixation map for the high shyness participants, and C) Fixation difference map calculated by subtracting the high shyness group from the low shyness group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3526596&req=5

pone-0052203-g003: Fixation maps for the low and high shyness participants in the learning and reviewing phase.A) Fixation map for the low shyness participants, B) Fixation map for the high shyness participants, and C) Fixation difference map calculated by subtracting the high shyness group from the low shyness group.
Mentions: This study was conducted in China according to the NIH research ethics guidelines and received approval from the Zhejiang Normal University Research Ethics Review Committee. Participants gave written informed consent prior to their participation and were compensated for their involvement in the study. Participants were ensured that no harm would come to them through their involvement in the study and were told that they had the option to quit at any time during the experiment and still receive monetary payment. The subjects of the images used in Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this manuscript provided written informed consent, as outline in the PLOS consent form, to publication of their photograph.

Bottom Line: We found that: (1) Participants' shyness scores were negatively correlated with the fixation proportion on the eyes, regardless of the race of face they viewed.The shyer the participants were, the less time they spent fixating on the eye region; (2) High shyness participants tended to fixate significantly more than low shyness participants on the regions just below the eyes as if to avoid direct eye contact; (3) When participants were recognizing own-race faces, their shyness scores were positively correlated with the normalized criterion.The present results support an avoidance hypothesis of shyness, suggesting that shy individuals tend to avoid directly fixating on others' eyes, regardless of face race.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China.

ABSTRACT
The current study explored the relationship between shyness and face scanning patterns for own- and other-race faces in adults. Participants completed a shyness inventory and a face recognition task in which their eye movements were recorded by a Tobii 1750 eye tracker. We found that: (1) Participants' shyness scores were negatively correlated with the fixation proportion on the eyes, regardless of the race of face they viewed. The shyer the participants were, the less time they spent fixating on the eye region; (2) High shyness participants tended to fixate significantly more than low shyness participants on the regions just below the eyes as if to avoid direct eye contact; (3) When participants were recognizing own-race faces, their shyness scores were positively correlated with the normalized criterion. The shyer they were, the more apt they were to judge the faces as novel, regardless of whether they were target or foil faces. The present results support an avoidance hypothesis of shyness, suggesting that shy individuals tend to avoid directly fixating on others' eyes, regardless of face race.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus