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Peer victimization experienced by children and adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Kouwenberg M, Rieffe C, Theunissen SC, de Rooij M - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: For DHH children, parental sensitivity and parents who challenge their DHH children to become competent in the practical, emotional, cognitive and social domain is associated with them being less victimized.Finally, DHH children in special schools were more victimized than DHH children in regular schools.It can be concluded that parents can play an important role in reducing social problems experienced by DHH children and young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. kouwenbergm@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

ABSTRACT
Victimization is a relatively common, yet serious problem, with potentially severe consequences for children's psychosocial and academic functioning. Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (DHH) may be at a higher risk for victimization than hearing children. The aims of the present study were to compare DHH and hearing children on i) self-reported experiences of victimization and ii) associations between victimization, parental- and child variables. In total 188 children (mean age 11;11 years) from the Netherlands and Dutch-speaking part of Belgium participated in the study. No difference between DHH and hearing children were found on general experiences of victimization. However, differences between the groups were found on specific forms of experienced victimization and on the associations between victimization and parental variables. For DHH children, parental sensitivity and parents who challenge their DHH children to become competent in the practical, emotional, cognitive and social domain is associated with them being less victimized. For hearing children at this age these relations were reversed, absent or more complex. Finally, DHH children in special schools were more victimized than DHH children in regular schools. It can be concluded that parents can play an important role in reducing social problems experienced by DHH children and young adolescents.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Associations between Parent's Expectations and Victimization for DHH (dotted line) and Hearing Children separately.
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pone-0052174-g002: Associations between Parent's Expectations and Victimization for DHH (dotted line) and Hearing Children separately.

Mentions: As shown in Table 6, in the first step Parental Sensitivity CR and Parents' Expectations were negatively related to Victimization. When the child variables were entered into the model, Parental Sensitivity CR lost significant contribution, whereas Sadness made a significant positive contribution to Victimization. In the final step the interaction terms were entered and this revealed two significant interaction effects: between 1) Hearing Status and Parents' Expectations, and 2) Hearing Status and Parental Sensitivity PR. To examine these interaction effects, we followed the Aiken and West procedure [60] to calculate and plot the effects of Parental Sensitivity PR, and Parents' Expectations on Victimization for both DHH and hearing participants separately. As can be seen in Figure 1, the relation between Parental Sensitivity PR and Victimization is opposite for DHH and hearing children; in the DHH group the relation is negative, and in the hearing group the relation is positive. Furthermore, Figure 2 shows that the relation between Parents' Expectations and Victimization only applies to the DHH group.


Peer victimization experienced by children and adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Kouwenberg M, Rieffe C, Theunissen SC, de Rooij M - PLoS ONE (2012)

Associations between Parent's Expectations and Victimization for DHH (dotted line) and Hearing Children separately.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3526587&req=5

pone-0052174-g002: Associations between Parent's Expectations and Victimization for DHH (dotted line) and Hearing Children separately.
Mentions: As shown in Table 6, in the first step Parental Sensitivity CR and Parents' Expectations were negatively related to Victimization. When the child variables were entered into the model, Parental Sensitivity CR lost significant contribution, whereas Sadness made a significant positive contribution to Victimization. In the final step the interaction terms were entered and this revealed two significant interaction effects: between 1) Hearing Status and Parents' Expectations, and 2) Hearing Status and Parental Sensitivity PR. To examine these interaction effects, we followed the Aiken and West procedure [60] to calculate and plot the effects of Parental Sensitivity PR, and Parents' Expectations on Victimization for both DHH and hearing participants separately. As can be seen in Figure 1, the relation between Parental Sensitivity PR and Victimization is opposite for DHH and hearing children; in the DHH group the relation is negative, and in the hearing group the relation is positive. Furthermore, Figure 2 shows that the relation between Parents' Expectations and Victimization only applies to the DHH group.

Bottom Line: For DHH children, parental sensitivity and parents who challenge their DHH children to become competent in the practical, emotional, cognitive and social domain is associated with them being less victimized.Finally, DHH children in special schools were more victimized than DHH children in regular schools.It can be concluded that parents can play an important role in reducing social problems experienced by DHH children and young adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. kouwenbergm@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

ABSTRACT
Victimization is a relatively common, yet serious problem, with potentially severe consequences for children's psychosocial and academic functioning. Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (DHH) may be at a higher risk for victimization than hearing children. The aims of the present study were to compare DHH and hearing children on i) self-reported experiences of victimization and ii) associations between victimization, parental- and child variables. In total 188 children (mean age 11;11 years) from the Netherlands and Dutch-speaking part of Belgium participated in the study. No difference between DHH and hearing children were found on general experiences of victimization. However, differences between the groups were found on specific forms of experienced victimization and on the associations between victimization and parental variables. For DHH children, parental sensitivity and parents who challenge their DHH children to become competent in the practical, emotional, cognitive and social domain is associated with them being less victimized. For hearing children at this age these relations were reversed, absent or more complex. Finally, DHH children in special schools were more victimized than DHH children in regular schools. It can be concluded that parents can play an important role in reducing social problems experienced by DHH children and young adolescents.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus