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The association between spatial distribution of common malignancies and soil lead concentration in Isfahan, Iran.

Rashidi M, Rameshat MH, Gharib H, Rouzbahani R, Ghias M, Poursafa P - J Res Med Sci (2012)

Bottom Line: Malignancies are primarily environmental diseases mostly attributed to environmental factors.This study aimed to determine the association between map distribution of malignancies and the geological phenomena of lead (Pb) accumulation in soil in the province of Isfahan, Iran.Data on Pb accumulation in soil was obtained from the National Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PhD Student, Department of Geomorphology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malignancies are primarily environmental diseases mostly attributed to environmental factors. By plotting the prevalence and spatial distribution maps, important differences can be observed in detail. This study aimed to determine the association between map distribution of malignancies and the geological phenomena of lead (Pb) accumulation in soil in the province of Isfahan, Iran.

Methods: Spatial distribution maps of malignant diseases were plotted by using data recorded during 2007 to 2009 in the Isfahan Cancer Registry Program. Data on Pb accumulation in soil was obtained from the National Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration. Pb concentrations were documented in three parts of agricultural, non-agricultural, urban, and industrial land. The geographical mapping of cancers and soil Pb were then incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS) to create a spatial distribution model.

Results: The spatial distributions of ten common malignant diseases in the province, i.e. skin cancers, hematological malignancies, and breast cancers, followed by other malignancies were scattered based on Pb distribution. In fact, common cancers were more prevalent in the parts of the province where soil Pb was more abundant.

Conclusion: The findings of this study underscore the importance of preventing Pb exposure and controlling industrial production of Pb. The data is also important to establish further effects modeling for cancers. Moreover, physicians and health professionals should consider the impact of environmental factors on their patients' health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Soil lead distribution map in the province of Isfahan, Iran (Values are presented in Km.)
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Figure 1: Soil lead distribution map in the province of Isfahan, Iran (Values are presented in Km.)

Mentions: Spatial distribution of Pb in 2007-2009 is depicted in Figure 1. It shows that Pb was more abundant in south, west, center, north, and east of the province. Mapping the distribution of malignant diseases is presented in Figures 2 to 6. Skin cancer was more prevalent in cities of Isfahan, Najaf Abad, Kashan, Naeen, Ardestan, and Natanz (Figure 2). The rate of skin cancer was correlated with Pb distribution in the province, i.e. it was lower in areas away from Pb-contaminated regions.


The association between spatial distribution of common malignancies and soil lead concentration in Isfahan, Iran.

Rashidi M, Rameshat MH, Gharib H, Rouzbahani R, Ghias M, Poursafa P - J Res Med Sci (2012)

Soil lead distribution map in the province of Isfahan, Iran (Values are presented in Km.)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3526128&req=5

Figure 1: Soil lead distribution map in the province of Isfahan, Iran (Values are presented in Km.)
Mentions: Spatial distribution of Pb in 2007-2009 is depicted in Figure 1. It shows that Pb was more abundant in south, west, center, north, and east of the province. Mapping the distribution of malignant diseases is presented in Figures 2 to 6. Skin cancer was more prevalent in cities of Isfahan, Najaf Abad, Kashan, Naeen, Ardestan, and Natanz (Figure 2). The rate of skin cancer was correlated with Pb distribution in the province, i.e. it was lower in areas away from Pb-contaminated regions.

Bottom Line: Malignancies are primarily environmental diseases mostly attributed to environmental factors.This study aimed to determine the association between map distribution of malignancies and the geological phenomena of lead (Pb) accumulation in soil in the province of Isfahan, Iran.Data on Pb accumulation in soil was obtained from the National Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PhD Student, Department of Geomorphology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malignancies are primarily environmental diseases mostly attributed to environmental factors. By plotting the prevalence and spatial distribution maps, important differences can be observed in detail. This study aimed to determine the association between map distribution of malignancies and the geological phenomena of lead (Pb) accumulation in soil in the province of Isfahan, Iran.

Methods: Spatial distribution maps of malignant diseases were plotted by using data recorded during 2007 to 2009 in the Isfahan Cancer Registry Program. Data on Pb accumulation in soil was obtained from the National Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration. Pb concentrations were documented in three parts of agricultural, non-agricultural, urban, and industrial land. The geographical mapping of cancers and soil Pb were then incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS) to create a spatial distribution model.

Results: The spatial distributions of ten common malignant diseases in the province, i.e. skin cancers, hematological malignancies, and breast cancers, followed by other malignancies were scattered based on Pb distribution. In fact, common cancers were more prevalent in the parts of the province where soil Pb was more abundant.

Conclusion: The findings of this study underscore the importance of preventing Pb exposure and controlling industrial production of Pb. The data is also important to establish further effects modeling for cancers. Moreover, physicians and health professionals should consider the impact of environmental factors on their patients' health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus