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Imaging in short stature.

Chaudhary V, Bano S - Indian J Endocrinol Metab (2012)

Bottom Line: Short stature may result from skeletal dysplasias, endocrine disorders, may be familial, or may be the result of malnutrition and chronic illnesses.A team effort of the healthcare professionals like pediatricians, endocrinologists, radiologists, and pathologists is required to diagnose, treat and monitor various pathological conditions associated with growth abnormality.In this review, we have discussed the role of imaging in diagnosing and characterizing various pathological conditions associated with short stature.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiodiagnosis, Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Model Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

ABSTRACT
Short stature can be a sign of disease, disability, and social stigma causing psychological stress. It is important to have an early diagnosis and treatment. Short stature may result from skeletal dysplasias, endocrine disorders, may be familial, or may be the result of malnutrition and chronic illnesses. A team effort of the healthcare professionals like pediatricians, endocrinologists, radiologists, and pathologists is required to diagnose, treat and monitor various pathological conditions associated with growth abnormality. In this review, we have discussed the role of imaging in diagnosing and characterizing various pathological conditions associated with short stature.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Hypothalamic hamartoma in a male child with central precocious puberty and short stature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, plain (a) and post-contrast (b) sagittal images demonstrate a small well-defined, non-enhancing rounded suprasellar mass arising from hypothalamus (arrow). Note that the lesion is isointense to normal brain parenchyma
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Figure 8: Hypothalamic hamartoma in a male child with central precocious puberty and short stature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, plain (a) and post-contrast (b) sagittal images demonstrate a small well-defined, non-enhancing rounded suprasellar mass arising from hypothalamus (arrow). Note that the lesion is isointense to normal brain parenchyma

Mentions: Precocious puberty is defined as pubertal development occurring before the age of 8 years in girls and before 9 years in boys. The major concern in precocious puberty is accelerated bone maturation leading to reduced stature. Idiopathic central precocious puberty is more common in girls, whereas, in boys there may be an underlying pathology, such as CNS lesion. CNS causes [Figure 8] of precocious puberty include congenital anomalies (such as hypothalamic hamartoma, arachnoid cyst, septo-optic dysplasia), hydrocephalus, infection, trauma or tumors (like hypothalamic astrocytoma, craniopharyngioma, ependymoma, and rarely a pituitary adenoma). Central precocious puberty may be associated with McCune-Albright syndrome and Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1). Non-CNS tumors [Figure 9] causing precocious puberty include adrenal adenoma or carcinoma, gonadotropin producing choriocarcinoma, teratoma, hepatoblastoma, and ovarian or testicular neoplasm. The primary role of imaging (MRI/CT/USG) is to detect or exclude structural abnormalities causing precocious puberty.[24]


Imaging in short stature.

Chaudhary V, Bano S - Indian J Endocrinol Metab (2012)

Hypothalamic hamartoma in a male child with central precocious puberty and short stature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, plain (a) and post-contrast (b) sagittal images demonstrate a small well-defined, non-enhancing rounded suprasellar mass arising from hypothalamus (arrow). Note that the lesion is isointense to normal brain parenchyma
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3475891&req=5

Figure 8: Hypothalamic hamartoma in a male child with central precocious puberty and short stature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, plain (a) and post-contrast (b) sagittal images demonstrate a small well-defined, non-enhancing rounded suprasellar mass arising from hypothalamus (arrow). Note that the lesion is isointense to normal brain parenchyma
Mentions: Precocious puberty is defined as pubertal development occurring before the age of 8 years in girls and before 9 years in boys. The major concern in precocious puberty is accelerated bone maturation leading to reduced stature. Idiopathic central precocious puberty is more common in girls, whereas, in boys there may be an underlying pathology, such as CNS lesion. CNS causes [Figure 8] of precocious puberty include congenital anomalies (such as hypothalamic hamartoma, arachnoid cyst, septo-optic dysplasia), hydrocephalus, infection, trauma or tumors (like hypothalamic astrocytoma, craniopharyngioma, ependymoma, and rarely a pituitary adenoma). Central precocious puberty may be associated with McCune-Albright syndrome and Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1). Non-CNS tumors [Figure 9] causing precocious puberty include adrenal adenoma or carcinoma, gonadotropin producing choriocarcinoma, teratoma, hepatoblastoma, and ovarian or testicular neoplasm. The primary role of imaging (MRI/CT/USG) is to detect or exclude structural abnormalities causing precocious puberty.[24]

Bottom Line: Short stature may result from skeletal dysplasias, endocrine disorders, may be familial, or may be the result of malnutrition and chronic illnesses.A team effort of the healthcare professionals like pediatricians, endocrinologists, radiologists, and pathologists is required to diagnose, treat and monitor various pathological conditions associated with growth abnormality.In this review, we have discussed the role of imaging in diagnosing and characterizing various pathological conditions associated with short stature.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiodiagnosis, Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Model Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

ABSTRACT
Short stature can be a sign of disease, disability, and social stigma causing psychological stress. It is important to have an early diagnosis and treatment. Short stature may result from skeletal dysplasias, endocrine disorders, may be familial, or may be the result of malnutrition and chronic illnesses. A team effort of the healthcare professionals like pediatricians, endocrinologists, radiologists, and pathologists is required to diagnose, treat and monitor various pathological conditions associated with growth abnormality. In this review, we have discussed the role of imaging in diagnosing and characterizing various pathological conditions associated with short stature.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus