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Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Santa Cruz, Bolivia: outbreak investigation and antibody prevalence study.

Montgomery JM, Blair PJ, Carroll DS, Mills JN, Gianella A, Iihoshi N, Briggiler AM, Felices V, Salazar M, Olson JG, Glabman RA, Bausch DG - PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2012)

Bottom Line: An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1%) of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department.Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans.Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

ABSTRACT
We report the results of an investigation of a small outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in 2002 in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where the disease had not previously been reported. Two cases were initially reported. The first case was a physician infected with Laguna Negra virus during a weekend visit to his ranch. Four other persons living on the ranch were IgM antibody-positive, two of whom were symptomatic for mild hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. The second case was a migrant sugarcane worker. Although no sample remained to determine the specific infecting hantavirus, a virus 90% homologous with Río Mamoré virus was previously found in small-eared pygmy rice rats (Oligoryzomys microtis) trapped in the area. An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1%) of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department. Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans. Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Locations of reported cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and field studies associated with the 2002 outbreak in Bolivia.The two index cases reported here were from Mineros and Concepción. The capital city of Santa Cruz is indicated by a star. Laboratory-confirmed hantavirus infection in humans and rodents has been reported from Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Cochabamba Departments, shown in gray.
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pntd-0001840-g001: Locations of reported cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and field studies associated with the 2002 outbreak in Bolivia.The two index cases reported here were from Mineros and Concepción. The capital city of Santa Cruz is indicated by a star. Laboratory-confirmed hantavirus infection in humans and rodents has been reported from Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Cochabamba Departments, shown in gray.

Mentions: Between May and June, 2002, the Bolivian National Center for Tropical Diseases (CENETROP) reported HPS in two residents of geographically disparate areas of the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia (Figure 1). Because HPS had not been previously recognized in Santa Cruz, a multinational effort was undertaken in August 2002 to 1) assess the circumstances surrounding these cases, 2) clarify the public health risk posed by hantaviruses in the region, and 3) characterize the virus-reservoir pairing(s). Results of the investigation of the rodents implicated in the outbreak have been previously reported [3]. Here we report the results on the human cases and ancillary epidemiological studies conducted as part of the outbreak investigation.


Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Santa Cruz, Bolivia: outbreak investigation and antibody prevalence study.

Montgomery JM, Blair PJ, Carroll DS, Mills JN, Gianella A, Iihoshi N, Briggiler AM, Felices V, Salazar M, Olson JG, Glabman RA, Bausch DG - PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2012)

Locations of reported cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and field studies associated with the 2002 outbreak in Bolivia.The two index cases reported here were from Mineros and Concepción. The capital city of Santa Cruz is indicated by a star. Laboratory-confirmed hantavirus infection in humans and rodents has been reported from Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Cochabamba Departments, shown in gray.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3475674&req=5

pntd-0001840-g001: Locations of reported cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and field studies associated with the 2002 outbreak in Bolivia.The two index cases reported here were from Mineros and Concepción. The capital city of Santa Cruz is indicated by a star. Laboratory-confirmed hantavirus infection in humans and rodents has been reported from Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Cochabamba Departments, shown in gray.
Mentions: Between May and June, 2002, the Bolivian National Center for Tropical Diseases (CENETROP) reported HPS in two residents of geographically disparate areas of the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia (Figure 1). Because HPS had not been previously recognized in Santa Cruz, a multinational effort was undertaken in August 2002 to 1) assess the circumstances surrounding these cases, 2) clarify the public health risk posed by hantaviruses in the region, and 3) characterize the virus-reservoir pairing(s). Results of the investigation of the rodents implicated in the outbreak have been previously reported [3]. Here we report the results on the human cases and ancillary epidemiological studies conducted as part of the outbreak investigation.

Bottom Line: An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1%) of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department.Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans.Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

ABSTRACT
We report the results of an investigation of a small outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in 2002 in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where the disease had not previously been reported. Two cases were initially reported. The first case was a physician infected with Laguna Negra virus during a weekend visit to his ranch. Four other persons living on the ranch were IgM antibody-positive, two of whom were symptomatic for mild hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. The second case was a migrant sugarcane worker. Although no sample remained to determine the specific infecting hantavirus, a virus 90% homologous with Río Mamoré virus was previously found in small-eared pygmy rice rats (Oligoryzomys microtis) trapped in the area. An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1%) of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department. Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans. Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus