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Fungiform papillae density in patients with burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia.

Camacho-Alonso F, López-Jornet P, Molino-Pagán D - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2012)

Bottom Line: The number of papillae was measured in an area of 19 mm².In the BMS group, 65% of all cases presented a density of 71-90 papillae (within an area of 19 mm²), while 10% had more than 90 papillae.The digital camera offers a rapid, noninvasive and relatively simple way to study fungiform papillae density.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Murcia, Spain. fcamacho@um.es

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze fungiform papillae density in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and xerostomia.

Study design: In this cross-sectional clinical study, sixty patients were included (20 with BMS, 20 with xerostomia and 20 healthy controls). The fungiform papillae density was analyzed over a small region on the anterior tip of the tongue with the aid of a digital camera. The number of papillae was measured in an area of 19 mm².

Results: The patients with BMS showed significantly higher fungiform papillae density than the patients with xerostomia; though no statistically significant differences were recorded versus the control group. In the BMS group, 65% of all cases presented a density of 71-90 papillae (within an area of 19 mm²), while 10% had more than 90 papillae. On the contrary, 70% of the patients with xerostomia had fewer than 70 papillae in the studied area.

Conclusions: The digital camera offers a rapid, noninvasive and relatively simple way to study fungiform papillae density. The patients with BMS have higher fungiform papillae density than the patients with xerostomia.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Measurement of fungiform papillae on the dorsal surfaceof the tongue.
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Figure 1: Measurement of fungiform papillae on the dorsal surfaceof the tongue.

Mentions: The procedure employed to measure fungiform papillae density was described by Shahbake et al. (15) in 2005. Previously the subjects rinsed their mouth with distilled water. Later, the tongue was dried and a circular filter paper with a central perforation of 6 mm diameter was placed on the tip of the anterior part of the left side of the tongue closest to the midline. A piece of filter paper placed on the right side of the anterior tongue provided a scale to calculate the magnification of each digital image (Fig. 1). Three images were then recorded with a Canon® EOS 300 D camera (Canon® Inc., Vancouver, Canada) using a Tamron® SP AF 90 mm F/2.8 macro-objective (Tamron®, Tokyo, Japan). The digital images were downloaded to a computer and analyzed with Adobe® Photoshop 7.0 (Adobe® Systems Inc., CA, USA). The papillae count was carried out by one same investigator previously blinded to the effects of the study.


Fungiform papillae density in patients with burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia.

Camacho-Alonso F, López-Jornet P, Molino-Pagán D - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2012)

Measurement of fungiform papillae on the dorsal surfaceof the tongue.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3475641&req=5

Figure 1: Measurement of fungiform papillae on the dorsal surfaceof the tongue.
Mentions: The procedure employed to measure fungiform papillae density was described by Shahbake et al. (15) in 2005. Previously the subjects rinsed their mouth with distilled water. Later, the tongue was dried and a circular filter paper with a central perforation of 6 mm diameter was placed on the tip of the anterior part of the left side of the tongue closest to the midline. A piece of filter paper placed on the right side of the anterior tongue provided a scale to calculate the magnification of each digital image (Fig. 1). Three images were then recorded with a Canon® EOS 300 D camera (Canon® Inc., Vancouver, Canada) using a Tamron® SP AF 90 mm F/2.8 macro-objective (Tamron®, Tokyo, Japan). The digital images were downloaded to a computer and analyzed with Adobe® Photoshop 7.0 (Adobe® Systems Inc., CA, USA). The papillae count was carried out by one same investigator previously blinded to the effects of the study.

Bottom Line: The number of papillae was measured in an area of 19 mm².In the BMS group, 65% of all cases presented a density of 71-90 papillae (within an area of 19 mm²), while 10% had more than 90 papillae.The digital camera offers a rapid, noninvasive and relatively simple way to study fungiform papillae density.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Murcia, Spain. fcamacho@um.es

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze fungiform papillae density in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and xerostomia.

Study design: In this cross-sectional clinical study, sixty patients were included (20 with BMS, 20 with xerostomia and 20 healthy controls). The fungiform papillae density was analyzed over a small region on the anterior tip of the tongue with the aid of a digital camera. The number of papillae was measured in an area of 19 mm².

Results: The patients with BMS showed significantly higher fungiform papillae density than the patients with xerostomia; though no statistically significant differences were recorded versus the control group. In the BMS group, 65% of all cases presented a density of 71-90 papillae (within an area of 19 mm²), while 10% had more than 90 papillae. On the contrary, 70% of the patients with xerostomia had fewer than 70 papillae in the studied area.

Conclusions: The digital camera offers a rapid, noninvasive and relatively simple way to study fungiform papillae density. The patients with BMS have higher fungiform papillae density than the patients with xerostomia.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus