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Strategies to fight stigma toward people with mental disorders: perspectives from different stakeholders.

Corbière M, Samson E, Villotti P, Pelletier JF - ScientificWorldJournal (2012)

Bottom Line: These categories fell under six main themes: education, contact, protestation, person centered, working on recovery and social inclusion, and reflexive consciousness.The occurrence of these themes was different among stakeholders (clinical, organizational, and experiential knowledge).Future studies are needed to assess the impact of the emerging strategies to fight stigma in the community.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Rehabilitation, Université de Sherbrooke, and Centre for Action in Work Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, 150 Place Charles LeMoyne, Longueuil, QC, Canada J4K 0A8. marc.corbiere@usherbrooke.ca

ABSTRACT
This study aims to provide a more complete and exhaustive perspective on the whole range of potential strategies to fight stigma by considering the perspectives of different stakeholders. Delegates to a Canadian conference were invited to participate in a survey that focused on stigma, from which the responses to the following question were analyzed: tell us briefly what you do to reduce prejudice and stigma toward people with a diagnosis of mental disorder? From 253 participants, 15 categories of strategies to fight stigma were identified from the verbatim (e.g., sharing/encouraging disclosure). These categories fell under six main themes: education, contact, protestation, person centered, working on recovery and social inclusion, and reflexive consciousness. The occurrence of these themes was different among stakeholders (clinical, organizational, and experiential knowledge). For example, people with mental disorders (experiential knowledge) often mentioned contact and person centered strategies, while mental health professionals (clinical knowledge) preferred education and working on recovery and social inclusion strategies. The results from this study highlight the need to pay more attention to the concept of disclosure of mental disorders in the process for de-stigmatization. Future studies are needed to assess the impact of the emerging strategies to fight stigma in the community.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.
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fig1: Number of respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.

Mentions: To distinguish whether the strategies used to fight social stigma differed between the respondents, the 15 categories of strategies obtained were grouped into six major themes inspired by the literature on the subject [23]. Three groups of respondents were also created, according to their type of knowledge: clinical, experiential, and organizational. Respondents matching the clinical knowledge profile were professionals and/or clinicians (n = 115) working with people with a mental disorder. People with an experiential knowledge profile were those who, in the survey, identified themselves as users of mental health services (n = 61); finally, those who worked in the field of mental health as directors/managers (n = 24) or coordinators (n = 22) fit the organizational knowledge profile. Since the percentage of other respondents (e.g., professors-researchers/research professionals/teachers (n = 8), parents/friends (n = 7), students (n = 2) was very low (lower than 4% each category), they were not considered for analyses. In the end, respondents with a profile that corresponded to the three targeted types of knowledge (n = 222) were included in comparison analyses. Figure 1 presents the number of retained respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.


Strategies to fight stigma toward people with mental disorders: perspectives from different stakeholders.

Corbière M, Samson E, Villotti P, Pelletier JF - ScientificWorldJournal (2012)

Number of respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3475300&req=5

fig1: Number of respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.
Mentions: To distinguish whether the strategies used to fight social stigma differed between the respondents, the 15 categories of strategies obtained were grouped into six major themes inspired by the literature on the subject [23]. Three groups of respondents were also created, according to their type of knowledge: clinical, experiential, and organizational. Respondents matching the clinical knowledge profile were professionals and/or clinicians (n = 115) working with people with a mental disorder. People with an experiential knowledge profile were those who, in the survey, identified themselves as users of mental health services (n = 61); finally, those who worked in the field of mental health as directors/managers (n = 24) or coordinators (n = 22) fit the organizational knowledge profile. Since the percentage of other respondents (e.g., professors-researchers/research professionals/teachers (n = 8), parents/friends (n = 7), students (n = 2) was very low (lower than 4% each category), they were not considered for analyses. In the end, respondents with a profile that corresponded to the three targeted types of knowledge (n = 222) were included in comparison analyses. Figure 1 presents the number of retained respondents according to the different steps of the analysis.

Bottom Line: These categories fell under six main themes: education, contact, protestation, person centered, working on recovery and social inclusion, and reflexive consciousness.The occurrence of these themes was different among stakeholders (clinical, organizational, and experiential knowledge).Future studies are needed to assess the impact of the emerging strategies to fight stigma in the community.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Rehabilitation, Université de Sherbrooke, and Centre for Action in Work Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, 150 Place Charles LeMoyne, Longueuil, QC, Canada J4K 0A8. marc.corbiere@usherbrooke.ca

ABSTRACT
This study aims to provide a more complete and exhaustive perspective on the whole range of potential strategies to fight stigma by considering the perspectives of different stakeholders. Delegates to a Canadian conference were invited to participate in a survey that focused on stigma, from which the responses to the following question were analyzed: tell us briefly what you do to reduce prejudice and stigma toward people with a diagnosis of mental disorder? From 253 participants, 15 categories of strategies to fight stigma were identified from the verbatim (e.g., sharing/encouraging disclosure). These categories fell under six main themes: education, contact, protestation, person centered, working on recovery and social inclusion, and reflexive consciousness. The occurrence of these themes was different among stakeholders (clinical, organizational, and experiential knowledge). For example, people with mental disorders (experiential knowledge) often mentioned contact and person centered strategies, while mental health professionals (clinical knowledge) preferred education and working on recovery and social inclusion strategies. The results from this study highlight the need to pay more attention to the concept of disclosure of mental disorders in the process for de-stigmatization. Future studies are needed to assess the impact of the emerging strategies to fight stigma in the community.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus