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Additional diagnostic value of tumor markers in cytological fluid for diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer.

Hur J, Lee HJ, Nam JE, Kim YJ, Hong YJ, Kim HY, Kim SK, Chang J, Kim JH, Chung KY, Lee HS, Choi BW - BMC Cancer (2012)

Bottom Line: Levels of CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC were measured by immunoassay in serum and cytological fluid obtained during aspiration biopsy.Accuracy improved significantly for NAB combined with cytological CYFRA 21-1 compared with NAB alone (95.9% versus 88.1%, p < 0.001).The area under curve (AUC) of NAB with cytological CYFRA 21-1 was significantly larger than for NAB alone (0.966 versus 0.917, p = 0.009).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cytological fluid from a needle aspiration biopsy (NAB) is obtained directly from tumor tissue, therefore many biomarker candidates will be present in high concentrations. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess and validate the tumor markers CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC in cytological fluid obtained from NAB samples to determine if they improved the performance of NAB for diagnosing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: A total of 194 patients (M:F = 128:66, mean age 63.7 years) with suspected malignant pulmonary lesions were prospectively enrolled and underwent percutaneous NAB. Levels of CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC were measured by immunoassay in serum and cytological fluid obtained during aspiration biopsy. Cut-off values to determined malignancy were 3.3 ng/mL in serum and 15.7 ng/mL in cytological fluid for CYFRA 21-1, 5 ng/mL and 0.6 ng/mL for CEA, and 2 ng/mL and 0.86 ng/mL for SCC.

Results: Of 194 patients, 139 patients (71.6%) had NSCLC and 55 (28.4%) had benign lesions. Sensitivity increased significantly for NAB combined with cytological tumor markers compared with NAB alone (CYFRA 21-1: 95% versus 83.5%, p < 0.001, CEA: 92.1% versus 83.5%, p = 0.002, SCC: 91.4% versus 83.5%, p = 0.003). Accuracy improved significantly for NAB combined with cytological CYFRA 21-1 compared with NAB alone (95.9% versus 88.1%, p < 0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of NAB with cytological CYFRA 21-1 was significantly larger than for NAB alone (0.966 versus 0.917, p = 0.009).

Conclusion: Of the tested tumor markers, cytological fluid measurements of CYFRA 21-1 improved the diagnostic performance of NAB for NSCLC.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow chart of patient selection.
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Figure 1: Flow chart of patient selection.

Mentions: From November 1, 2009 to May 31, 2010, 249 patients who had a suspicious pulmonary nodule or mass concerning for lung malignancy on CT were prospectively enrolled for the validation arm. The inclusion criteria were age >20, lesion size more than 8 mm, and solid lesions (ground glass opacity (GGO) component of less than 50%). The exclusion criteria were: histologically-confirmed small cell lung cancer or lymphoma (n = 7), inconclusive pathological or cytological results (n = 17), GGO lesions (n = 16), and refusal to provide written informed consent (n = 15) (Figure 1).


Additional diagnostic value of tumor markers in cytological fluid for diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer.

Hur J, Lee HJ, Nam JE, Kim YJ, Hong YJ, Kim HY, Kim SK, Chang J, Kim JH, Chung KY, Lee HS, Choi BW - BMC Cancer (2012)

Flow chart of patient selection.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3475052&req=5

Figure 1: Flow chart of patient selection.
Mentions: From November 1, 2009 to May 31, 2010, 249 patients who had a suspicious pulmonary nodule or mass concerning for lung malignancy on CT were prospectively enrolled for the validation arm. The inclusion criteria were age >20, lesion size more than 8 mm, and solid lesions (ground glass opacity (GGO) component of less than 50%). The exclusion criteria were: histologically-confirmed small cell lung cancer or lymphoma (n = 7), inconclusive pathological or cytological results (n = 17), GGO lesions (n = 16), and refusal to provide written informed consent (n = 15) (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Levels of CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC were measured by immunoassay in serum and cytological fluid obtained during aspiration biopsy.Accuracy improved significantly for NAB combined with cytological CYFRA 21-1 compared with NAB alone (95.9% versus 88.1%, p < 0.001).The area under curve (AUC) of NAB with cytological CYFRA 21-1 was significantly larger than for NAB alone (0.966 versus 0.917, p = 0.009).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cytological fluid from a needle aspiration biopsy (NAB) is obtained directly from tumor tissue, therefore many biomarker candidates will be present in high concentrations. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess and validate the tumor markers CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC in cytological fluid obtained from NAB samples to determine if they improved the performance of NAB for diagnosing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: A total of 194 patients (M:F = 128:66, mean age 63.7 years) with suspected malignant pulmonary lesions were prospectively enrolled and underwent percutaneous NAB. Levels of CYFRA 21-1, CEA, and SCC were measured by immunoassay in serum and cytological fluid obtained during aspiration biopsy. Cut-off values to determined malignancy were 3.3 ng/mL in serum and 15.7 ng/mL in cytological fluid for CYFRA 21-1, 5 ng/mL and 0.6 ng/mL for CEA, and 2 ng/mL and 0.86 ng/mL for SCC.

Results: Of 194 patients, 139 patients (71.6%) had NSCLC and 55 (28.4%) had benign lesions. Sensitivity increased significantly for NAB combined with cytological tumor markers compared with NAB alone (CYFRA 21-1: 95% versus 83.5%, p < 0.001, CEA: 92.1% versus 83.5%, p = 0.002, SCC: 91.4% versus 83.5%, p = 0.003). Accuracy improved significantly for NAB combined with cytological CYFRA 21-1 compared with NAB alone (95.9% versus 88.1%, p < 0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of NAB with cytological CYFRA 21-1 was significantly larger than for NAB alone (0.966 versus 0.917, p = 0.009).

Conclusion: Of the tested tumor markers, cytological fluid measurements of CYFRA 21-1 improved the diagnostic performance of NAB for NSCLC.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus