Endoplasmic reticulum thiol oxidase deficiency leads to ascorbic acid depletion and noncanonical scurvy in mice.
Bottom Line: These severe abnormalities were associated with an unexpectedly modest delay in disulfide bond formation in secreted proteins but a profound, 5-fold lower procollagen 4-hydroxyproline content and enhanced cysteinyl sulfenic acid modification of ER proteins.In vitro, the presence of a sulfenic acid donor accelerated the oxidative inactivation of ascorbate by an H(2)O(2)-generating system.Compromised ER disulfide relay thus exposes protein thiols to competing oxidation to sulfenic acid, resulting in depletion of ascorbic acid, impaired procollagen proline 4-hydroxylation, and a noncanonical form of scurvy.
Affiliation: University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories and NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge, UK. email@example.comShow MeSH
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Mentions: TM animals had a conspicuous phenotype: they were less than 70% in weight of their littermates, failed to thrive, and their tails and ears were disproportionately small and misshapen and, in rare survivors, degenerated with time (Figure 2A). Closer scrutiny revealed that DM animals, too, had thin tails and smaller ears, an invariable phenotype that was previously overlooked (Chin et al., 2011).
Affiliation: University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories and NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org