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Developmental alcohol-specific parenting profiles in adolescence and their relationships with adolescents' alcohol use.

Koning IM, van den Eijnden RJ, Verdurmen JE, Engels RC, Vollebergh WA - J Youth Adolesc (2012)

Bottom Line: Strict rule-setting in combination with a high quality and frequency of communication was associated with the lowest amount of drinking; parents scoring low on all these behaviors show to be related to the highest amount of drinking.This study showed that alcohol-specific rule-setting is most effective when it coincides with a good quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use.Therefore, parent-based alcohol interventions should not only encourage strict rule setting, the way parents communicate with their child about alcohol is also of major importance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands. i.koning@uu.nl

ABSTRACT
Previous studies on general parenting have demonstrated the relevance of strict parenting within a supportive social context for a variety of adolescent behaviors, such as alcohol use. Yet, alcohol-specific parenting practices are generally examined as separate predictors of adolescents' drinking behavior. The present study examined different developmental profiles of alcohol-specific parenting (rule-setting, quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use) and how these patterns relate to the initiation and growth of adolescents' drinking. A longitudinal sample of 883 adolescents (47 % female) including four measurements (between ages 12 and 16) was used. Latent class growth analysis revealed that five classes of parenting could be distinguished. Communication about alcohol appeared to be fairly stable over time in all parenting classes, whereas the level of rule-setting declined in all subgroups of parents as adolescents grow older. Strict rule-setting in combination with a high quality and frequency of communication was associated with the lowest amount of drinking; parents scoring low on all these behaviors show to be related to the highest amount of drinking. This study showed that alcohol-specific rule-setting is most effective when it coincides with a good quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use. This indicates that alcohol-specific parenting behaviors should be taken into account as an alcohol-specific parenting context, rather than single parenting practices. Therefore, parent-based alcohol interventions should not only encourage strict rule setting, the way parents communicate with their child about alcohol is also of major importance.

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Developmental trajectories (intercept and slope) for rules and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol use for five classes of alcohol-specific parenting
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig1: Developmental trajectories (intercept and slope) for rules and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol use for five classes of alcohol-specific parenting

Mentions: Table 3 shows results for each of the LCGA model fit statistics. A five-class solution was identified to best fit the data, according to the SSA-BIC and the nearly significant Vuong-Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood ratio test (Nylund et al. 2007). The average class probabilities were high (.86–.96), which indicated that the participants were classified properly in their latent class. The intercepts and slopes of the latent variables comprising the five parenting profiles designed by LCGA are presented in Table 4 and graphically illustrated in Fig. 1.Table 3


Developmental alcohol-specific parenting profiles in adolescence and their relationships with adolescents' alcohol use.

Koning IM, van den Eijnden RJ, Verdurmen JE, Engels RC, Vollebergh WA - J Youth Adolesc (2012)

Developmental trajectories (intercept and slope) for rules and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol use for five classes of alcohol-specific parenting
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3473184&req=5

Fig1: Developmental trajectories (intercept and slope) for rules and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol use for five classes of alcohol-specific parenting
Mentions: Table 3 shows results for each of the LCGA model fit statistics. A five-class solution was identified to best fit the data, according to the SSA-BIC and the nearly significant Vuong-Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood ratio test (Nylund et al. 2007). The average class probabilities were high (.86–.96), which indicated that the participants were classified properly in their latent class. The intercepts and slopes of the latent variables comprising the five parenting profiles designed by LCGA are presented in Table 4 and graphically illustrated in Fig. 1.Table 3

Bottom Line: Strict rule-setting in combination with a high quality and frequency of communication was associated with the lowest amount of drinking; parents scoring low on all these behaviors show to be related to the highest amount of drinking.This study showed that alcohol-specific rule-setting is most effective when it coincides with a good quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use.Therefore, parent-based alcohol interventions should not only encourage strict rule setting, the way parents communicate with their child about alcohol is also of major importance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands. i.koning@uu.nl

ABSTRACT
Previous studies on general parenting have demonstrated the relevance of strict parenting within a supportive social context for a variety of adolescent behaviors, such as alcohol use. Yet, alcohol-specific parenting practices are generally examined as separate predictors of adolescents' drinking behavior. The present study examined different developmental profiles of alcohol-specific parenting (rule-setting, quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use) and how these patterns relate to the initiation and growth of adolescents' drinking. A longitudinal sample of 883 adolescents (47 % female) including four measurements (between ages 12 and 16) was used. Latent class growth analysis revealed that five classes of parenting could be distinguished. Communication about alcohol appeared to be fairly stable over time in all parenting classes, whereas the level of rule-setting declined in all subgroups of parents as adolescents grow older. Strict rule-setting in combination with a high quality and frequency of communication was associated with the lowest amount of drinking; parents scoring low on all these behaviors show to be related to the highest amount of drinking. This study showed that alcohol-specific rule-setting is most effective when it coincides with a good quality and frequency of communication about alcohol use. This indicates that alcohol-specific parenting behaviors should be taken into account as an alcohol-specific parenting context, rather than single parenting practices. Therefore, parent-based alcohol interventions should not only encourage strict rule setting, the way parents communicate with their child about alcohol is also of major importance.

Show MeSH