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Development and application of integrated optical sensors for intense E-field measurement.

Zeng R, Wang B, Niu B, Yu Z - Sensors (Basel) (2012)

Bottom Line: Integrated optical E-field sensors (IOESs) have important advantages and are potentially suitable for intense E-field detection.More specifically, the improvement work of applying IOESs to intense E-field measurement is illustrated.Finally, typical uses of IOESs in the measurement of intense E-fields are demonstrated, including application areas such as E-fields with different frequency ranges in high-voltage engineering, simulated nuclear electromagnetic pulse in high-power electromagnetic pulses, and ion-accelerating field in high-energy physics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Lab of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. zengrong@tsinghua.edu.cn

ABSTRACT
The measurement of intense E-fields is a fundamental need in various research areas. Integrated optical E-field sensors (IOESs) have important advantages and are potentially suitable for intense E-field detection. This paper comprehensively reviews the development and applications of several types of IOESs over the last 30 years, including the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI), coupler interferometer (CI) and common path interferometer (CPI). The features of the different types of IOESs are compared, showing that the MZI has higher sensitivity, the CI has a controllable optical bias, and the CPI has better temperature stability. More specifically, the improvement work of applying IOESs to intense E-field measurement is illustrated. Finally, typical uses of IOESs in the measurement of intense E-fields are demonstrated, including application areas such as E-fields with different frequency ranges in high-voltage engineering, simulated nuclear electromagnetic pulse in high-power electromagnetic pulses, and ion-accelerating field in high-energy physics.

No MeSH data available.


(a) Schematic diagram of the PLIA; (b) Photo of a PLIA prototype.
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f29-sensors-12-11406: (a) Schematic diagram of the PLIA; (b) Photo of a PLIA prototype.

Mentions: A pulse line ion accelerator (PLIA) is a new type of heavy ion accelerator that was developed to meet the need for studying High Energy Density Physics and Warm Dense Matter. Due to the limited space inside the PLIA (cm order), the large E-field strength (kV/m order), and the high frequency (MHz order), measuring the accelerating E-field of the PLIA is difficult [7]. The structure of the PLIA is schematically illustrated in Figure 29(a), and a picture of a PLIA prototype is shown in Figure 29(b). The interior glass pipe has a length of 90 cm and a diameter of 52 mm. The cross-sectional dimension of the IOES is 10 mm, which is suitable for measurement of the PLIA field.


Development and application of integrated optical sensors for intense E-field measurement.

Zeng R, Wang B, Niu B, Yu Z - Sensors (Basel) (2012)

(a) Schematic diagram of the PLIA; (b) Photo of a PLIA prototype.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3472891&req=5

f29-sensors-12-11406: (a) Schematic diagram of the PLIA; (b) Photo of a PLIA prototype.
Mentions: A pulse line ion accelerator (PLIA) is a new type of heavy ion accelerator that was developed to meet the need for studying High Energy Density Physics and Warm Dense Matter. Due to the limited space inside the PLIA (cm order), the large E-field strength (kV/m order), and the high frequency (MHz order), measuring the accelerating E-field of the PLIA is difficult [7]. The structure of the PLIA is schematically illustrated in Figure 29(a), and a picture of a PLIA prototype is shown in Figure 29(b). The interior glass pipe has a length of 90 cm and a diameter of 52 mm. The cross-sectional dimension of the IOES is 10 mm, which is suitable for measurement of the PLIA field.

Bottom Line: Integrated optical E-field sensors (IOESs) have important advantages and are potentially suitable for intense E-field detection.More specifically, the improvement work of applying IOESs to intense E-field measurement is illustrated.Finally, typical uses of IOESs in the measurement of intense E-fields are demonstrated, including application areas such as E-fields with different frequency ranges in high-voltage engineering, simulated nuclear electromagnetic pulse in high-power electromagnetic pulses, and ion-accelerating field in high-energy physics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Lab of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. zengrong@tsinghua.edu.cn

ABSTRACT
The measurement of intense E-fields is a fundamental need in various research areas. Integrated optical E-field sensors (IOESs) have important advantages and are potentially suitable for intense E-field detection. This paper comprehensively reviews the development and applications of several types of IOESs over the last 30 years, including the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI), coupler interferometer (CI) and common path interferometer (CPI). The features of the different types of IOESs are compared, showing that the MZI has higher sensitivity, the CI has a controllable optical bias, and the CPI has better temperature stability. More specifically, the improvement work of applying IOESs to intense E-field measurement is illustrated. Finally, typical uses of IOESs in the measurement of intense E-fields are demonstrated, including application areas such as E-fields with different frequency ranges in high-voltage engineering, simulated nuclear electromagnetic pulse in high-power electromagnetic pulses, and ion-accelerating field in high-energy physics.

No MeSH data available.