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The prognostic value of lymph node cross-sectional cancer area in node-positive breast cancer: a comparison with N stage and lymph node ratio.

Li Y, Holmes E, Shah K, Albuquerque K, Szpaderska A, Erşahin C - Patholog Res Int (2012)

Bottom Line: Statistical analyses of these three LN-related factors were performed by Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox's regression model.Patients were divided into three groups based on the different LN CSCA (<50, 50-500, and >500 mm(2)), or LNR (<0.1, 0.1-0.65, and >0.65), or N stage (N1-N3).Multivariate analysis demonstrated LNR was the most significant LN-related survival predictor with hazard ratio (HR) 25.0 (P = 0.001), compared to the metLN (HR 0.09, P = 0.052) and CSCA (HR 2.24, P = 0.323).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.

ABSTRACT
The number of positive axillary lymph nodes (LNs) is the only node-related factor for prognostic evaluation of breast cancer recognized by AJCC (TNM staging). However, N staging may not completely reflect LN tumor involvement due to the erroneous count of LNs in the presence of matted LNs and different tumor volume in LNs. Additionally, the positive/total LN ratio (LNR) has been shown to outperform N staging in survival prediction. In our study, to better quantify the tumor involvement of axillary LNs, we measured the cross-sectional cancer area (CSCA) of the positive LNs in 292 breast cancer patients diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 in our institution and compared its prognostic value to that of number of positive LNs (metLN)/N stage and LNR. Statistical analyses of these three LN-related factors were performed by Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox's regression model. Patients were divided into three groups based on the different LN CSCA (<50, 50-500, and >500 mm(2)), or LNR (<0.1, 0.1-0.65, and >0.65), or N stage (N1-N3). Multivariate analysis demonstrated LNR was the most significant LN-related survival predictor with hazard ratio (HR) 25.0 (P = 0.001), compared to the metLN (HR 0.09, P = 0.052) and CSCA (HR 2.24, P = 0.323).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of node-positive patients (n = 107) according to N stage, LN CSCA, and LNR.
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fig4: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of node-positive patients (n = 107) according to N stage, LN CSCA, and LNR.

Mentions: The univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis of 107 node-positive patients grouped according to the three LN-related parameters (N stage: N1–3, LN CSCA: <50, 50–500, and >500 mm2, and LNR: <0.1, 0.1–0.65, and >0.65) is shown in Figure 4. Survival curves of groups N2 and N3 overlapped and crossed between 5 and 10 year. In contrast, survival curves based on the LN CSCA and the LNR analysis demonstrated distinct separation of these groups.


The prognostic value of lymph node cross-sectional cancer area in node-positive breast cancer: a comparison with N stage and lymph node ratio.

Li Y, Holmes E, Shah K, Albuquerque K, Szpaderska A, Erşahin C - Patholog Res Int (2012)

The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of node-positive patients (n = 107) according to N stage, LN CSCA, and LNR.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3472529&req=5

fig4: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of node-positive patients (n = 107) according to N stage, LN CSCA, and LNR.
Mentions: The univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis of 107 node-positive patients grouped according to the three LN-related parameters (N stage: N1–3, LN CSCA: <50, 50–500, and >500 mm2, and LNR: <0.1, 0.1–0.65, and >0.65) is shown in Figure 4. Survival curves of groups N2 and N3 overlapped and crossed between 5 and 10 year. In contrast, survival curves based on the LN CSCA and the LNR analysis demonstrated distinct separation of these groups.

Bottom Line: Statistical analyses of these three LN-related factors were performed by Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox's regression model.Patients were divided into three groups based on the different LN CSCA (<50, 50-500, and >500 mm(2)), or LNR (<0.1, 0.1-0.65, and >0.65), or N stage (N1-N3).Multivariate analysis demonstrated LNR was the most significant LN-related survival predictor with hazard ratio (HR) 25.0 (P = 0.001), compared to the metLN (HR 0.09, P = 0.052) and CSCA (HR 2.24, P = 0.323).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.

ABSTRACT
The number of positive axillary lymph nodes (LNs) is the only node-related factor for prognostic evaluation of breast cancer recognized by AJCC (TNM staging). However, N staging may not completely reflect LN tumor involvement due to the erroneous count of LNs in the presence of matted LNs and different tumor volume in LNs. Additionally, the positive/total LN ratio (LNR) has been shown to outperform N staging in survival prediction. In our study, to better quantify the tumor involvement of axillary LNs, we measured the cross-sectional cancer area (CSCA) of the positive LNs in 292 breast cancer patients diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 in our institution and compared its prognostic value to that of number of positive LNs (metLN)/N stage and LNR. Statistical analyses of these three LN-related factors were performed by Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox's regression model. Patients were divided into three groups based on the different LN CSCA (<50, 50-500, and >500 mm(2)), or LNR (<0.1, 0.1-0.65, and >0.65), or N stage (N1-N3). Multivariate analysis demonstrated LNR was the most significant LN-related survival predictor with hazard ratio (HR) 25.0 (P = 0.001), compared to the metLN (HR 0.09, P = 0.052) and CSCA (HR 2.24, P = 0.323).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus