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Centenarians and diet: what they eat in the Western part of Sicily.

Vasto S, Rizzo C, Caruso C - Immun Ageing (2012)

Bottom Line: This paper pays attention to the modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition that might influence life extension and successful ageing.So, the centenarian number was 4.32-fold higher than the national average (10.37 vs. 2.4/10,000); the female/male ratio was 1.1:1 in the study area, while the national ratio is 4.54:1.To reach successful ageing it is advisable to follow a diet with low quantity of saturated fat and high amount of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Molecular and Biomolecular Sciences (STEMBIO), University of Palermo, Via Archifari 32, 90213, Palermo, Italy. sonya.vasto@unipa.it.

ABSTRACT
This paper pays attention to the modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition that might influence life extension and successful ageing. Previous data reported that in Sicily, the biggest Mediterranean island, there are some places where there is a high frequency of male centenarians with respect to the Italian average. The present data show that in Sicani Mountain zone there are more centenarians with respect to the Italian average. In fact, in five villages of Sicani Mountains, there were 19 people with an age range of 100-107 years old from a total population of 18,328 inhabitants. So, the centenarian number was 4.32-fold higher than the national average (10.37 vs. 2.4/10,000); the female/male ratio was 1.1:1 in the study area, while the national ratio is 4.54:1. Unequivocally, their nutritional assessment showed a high adherence to the Mediterranean nutritional profile with low glycemic index food consumed. To reach successful ageing it is advisable to follow a diet with low quantity of saturated fat and high amount of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals.

No MeSH data available.


Example of MNA administered to healthy centenarians.
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Figure 1: Example of MNA administered to healthy centenarians.

Mentions: In Figure 1, MNA example administrated to healthy centenarian is shown [13], whereas Figure 2 reports a typical daily diet. Centenarians recruited in these area tended to be physically active, non-obese, small in stature, with a regular BMI (23.6 ± 3.1), suggestive of some degree of calorie restriction with high intake of seasonal plant food and low meat intake. Their diet shows a low glycemic index because low of refined carbohydrate (no white bread, low amount of pasta, no sweeteners, sweet beverages, can food, frozen already prepared vegetables or dishes, cookies cakes or snacks). Furthermore, they have a good intake of olive and virgin olive oil from different cultivar namely: Nocellara of Belice, Biancolilla, Giarraffa and Ogliarola that seems to have important anti-oxidant properties (unpublished data). In Figure 3, BMI and MNA are plotted together showing a perfect accordance between nutrition and body mass index.


Centenarians and diet: what they eat in the Western part of Sicily.

Vasto S, Rizzo C, Caruso C - Immun Ageing (2012)

Example of MNA administered to healthy centenarians.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3412743&req=5

Figure 1: Example of MNA administered to healthy centenarians.
Mentions: In Figure 1, MNA example administrated to healthy centenarian is shown [13], whereas Figure 2 reports a typical daily diet. Centenarians recruited in these area tended to be physically active, non-obese, small in stature, with a regular BMI (23.6 ± 3.1), suggestive of some degree of calorie restriction with high intake of seasonal plant food and low meat intake. Their diet shows a low glycemic index because low of refined carbohydrate (no white bread, low amount of pasta, no sweeteners, sweet beverages, can food, frozen already prepared vegetables or dishes, cookies cakes or snacks). Furthermore, they have a good intake of olive and virgin olive oil from different cultivar namely: Nocellara of Belice, Biancolilla, Giarraffa and Ogliarola that seems to have important anti-oxidant properties (unpublished data). In Figure 3, BMI and MNA are plotted together showing a perfect accordance between nutrition and body mass index.

Bottom Line: This paper pays attention to the modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition that might influence life extension and successful ageing.So, the centenarian number was 4.32-fold higher than the national average (10.37 vs. 2.4/10,000); the female/male ratio was 1.1:1 in the study area, while the national ratio is 4.54:1.To reach successful ageing it is advisable to follow a diet with low quantity of saturated fat and high amount of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Molecular and Biomolecular Sciences (STEMBIO), University of Palermo, Via Archifari 32, 90213, Palermo, Italy. sonya.vasto@unipa.it.

ABSTRACT
This paper pays attention to the modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition that might influence life extension and successful ageing. Previous data reported that in Sicily, the biggest Mediterranean island, there are some places where there is a high frequency of male centenarians with respect to the Italian average. The present data show that in Sicani Mountain zone there are more centenarians with respect to the Italian average. In fact, in five villages of Sicani Mountains, there were 19 people with an age range of 100-107 years old from a total population of 18,328 inhabitants. So, the centenarian number was 4.32-fold higher than the national average (10.37 vs. 2.4/10,000); the female/male ratio was 1.1:1 in the study area, while the national ratio is 4.54:1. Unequivocally, their nutritional assessment showed a high adherence to the Mediterranean nutritional profile with low glycemic index food consumed. To reach successful ageing it is advisable to follow a diet with low quantity of saturated fat and high amount of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals.

No MeSH data available.