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Lead me not into temptation: using cognitive reappraisal to reduce goal inconsistent behavior.

Leroy V, Grégoire J, Magen E, Gross JJ, Mikolajczak M - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: In two studies, we tested the hypothesis that cognitive reappraisal could be used to successfully maintain performance in a task embedded in temptation.Compared to the no-reappraisal condition, participants who understood the situation as a test of willpower (the reappraisal condition) (1) performed better at the task (Studies 1 and 2), and (2) were less tempted by the attractive content of the TV sequence (Study 2).These findings suggest that, by making the temptation less attractive and the task more appealing, cognitive reappraisal can help us resist temptation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Veronique.leroy@uclouvain.be

ABSTRACT
Temptations besiege us, and we must resist their appeal if we are to achieve our long-term goals. In two studies, we tested the hypothesis that cognitive reappraisal could be used to successfully maintain performance in a task embedded in temptation. In Study 1, 62 participants had to search for information on the Internet while resisting attractive task-irrelevant content on preselected sites. In Study 2, 58 participants had to count target words in a funny TV sequence. Compared to the no-reappraisal condition, participants who understood the situation as a test of willpower (the reappraisal condition) (1) performed better at the task (Studies 1 and 2), and (2) were less tempted by the attractive content of the TV sequence (Study 2). These findings suggest that, by making the temptation less attractive and the task more appealing, cognitive reappraisal can help us resist temptation.

Show MeSH
Mean and standard errors of the scores on performance (Panel A) and susceptibility to temptation (Panel B) by group (Study 2).
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pone-0039493-g002: Mean and standard errors of the scores on performance (Panel A) and susceptibility to temptation (Panel B) by group (Study 2).

Mentions: ANOVA showed that participants in the Reappraisal condition (M = 12.90, SD  = 1.45) heard more target words during the main sequence than those in the Control condition (M = 11.76, SD  = 2.20), F(1, 57)  = 5.42, p<.05, d = .20, indicating that performance was higher in the Reappraisal condition than in the Control condition. The cognitive reappraisal manipulation was thus effective in raising performance (see Figure 2 Panel A).


Lead me not into temptation: using cognitive reappraisal to reduce goal inconsistent behavior.

Leroy V, Grégoire J, Magen E, Gross JJ, Mikolajczak M - PLoS ONE (2012)

Mean and standard errors of the scores on performance (Panel A) and susceptibility to temptation (Panel B) by group (Study 2).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3404050&req=5

pone-0039493-g002: Mean and standard errors of the scores on performance (Panel A) and susceptibility to temptation (Panel B) by group (Study 2).
Mentions: ANOVA showed that participants in the Reappraisal condition (M = 12.90, SD  = 1.45) heard more target words during the main sequence than those in the Control condition (M = 11.76, SD  = 2.20), F(1, 57)  = 5.42, p<.05, d = .20, indicating that performance was higher in the Reappraisal condition than in the Control condition. The cognitive reappraisal manipulation was thus effective in raising performance (see Figure 2 Panel A).

Bottom Line: In two studies, we tested the hypothesis that cognitive reappraisal could be used to successfully maintain performance in a task embedded in temptation.Compared to the no-reappraisal condition, participants who understood the situation as a test of willpower (the reappraisal condition) (1) performed better at the task (Studies 1 and 2), and (2) were less tempted by the attractive content of the TV sequence (Study 2).These findings suggest that, by making the temptation less attractive and the task more appealing, cognitive reappraisal can help us resist temptation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Veronique.leroy@uclouvain.be

ABSTRACT
Temptations besiege us, and we must resist their appeal if we are to achieve our long-term goals. In two studies, we tested the hypothesis that cognitive reappraisal could be used to successfully maintain performance in a task embedded in temptation. In Study 1, 62 participants had to search for information on the Internet while resisting attractive task-irrelevant content on preselected sites. In Study 2, 58 participants had to count target words in a funny TV sequence. Compared to the no-reappraisal condition, participants who understood the situation as a test of willpower (the reappraisal condition) (1) performed better at the task (Studies 1 and 2), and (2) were less tempted by the attractive content of the TV sequence (Study 2). These findings suggest that, by making the temptation less attractive and the task more appealing, cognitive reappraisal can help us resist temptation.

Show MeSH