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High-resolution Manometry for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in a Patient With Large Cervical Osteophytes.

Lee TH, Lee JS - J Neurogastroenterol Motil (2012)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Digestive Research, Soonchunhyang College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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A 61-year-old man presented with difficult swallow... He had particular problems in swallowing pills, dry food and meat... His dysphagia localized to neck, without associated odynophagia, nasal regurgitation and cough... He had no other significant medical history... Localization to neck is not specific for an oropharyngeal dysphagia, because about 30% of patients with distal esophageal obstruction perceive the obstruction to be in the cervical esophagus... HRM showed normal esophageal peristalsis... However, when compared with a healthy 61-year-old subject (Fig. 1A), there were shorter upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation and elevated intrabolus pressure proximal to UES in the patient (Fig. 1B)... Neck CT showed prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6 (Fig. 2A)... A further videofluoroscopic swallowing study demonstrated reduced UES opening and moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (Fig. 2B)... Given together, the patient had elevated intrabolus pressure gradient across the cervical osteophytes... Cervical osteophytes usually are clinically silent but can cause dysphagia, stridor, neurologic problems, and even aspiration when they are larger than 10 mm... They are seen mainly in older patients.

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Neck computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopic view of the patient. (A) Neck CT demonstrates prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6. (B) Fluoroscopy reveals moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (red arrow) due to reduced upper esophageal sphincter opening, which is at the level of C5 and C6.
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Figure 2: Neck computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopic view of the patient. (A) Neck CT demonstrates prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6. (B) Fluoroscopy reveals moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (red arrow) due to reduced upper esophageal sphincter opening, which is at the level of C5 and C6.

Mentions: Localization to neck is not specific for an oropharyngeal dysphagia, because about 30% of patients with distal esophageal obstruction perceive the obstruction to be in the cervical esophagus.1 Therefore we performed high-resolution manometry (HRM; ManoScan, Sierra Scientific Instruments, Los Angeles, CA, USA) for the evaluation of difficult swallow. HRM showed normal esophageal peristalsis. However, when compared with a healthy 61-year-old subject (Fig. 1A), there were shorter upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation and elevated intrabolus pressure proximal to UES in the patient (Fig. 1B). Interestingly, worsening change of the elevated intrabolus pressure was noted during multiple rapid swallow using 100 mL water (Fig. 1C). This finding suggested cricopharyngeal achalasia. We performed further neck CT to evaluate a cause of cricopharyngeal achalasia. Neck CT showed prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6 (Fig. 2A). A further videofluoroscopic swallowing study demonstrated reduced UES opening and moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (Fig. 2B). Given together, the patient had elevated intrabolus pressure gradient across the cervical osteophytes. Cervical osteophytes usually are clinically silent but can cause dysphagia, stridor, neurologic problems, and even aspiration when they are larger than 10 mm.2 They are seen mainly in older patients.


High-resolution Manometry for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in a Patient With Large Cervical Osteophytes.

Lee TH, Lee JS - J Neurogastroenterol Motil (2012)

Neck computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopic view of the patient. (A) Neck CT demonstrates prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6. (B) Fluoroscopy reveals moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (red arrow) due to reduced upper esophageal sphincter opening, which is at the level of C5 and C6.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3400824&req=5

Figure 2: Neck computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopic view of the patient. (A) Neck CT demonstrates prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6. (B) Fluoroscopy reveals moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (red arrow) due to reduced upper esophageal sphincter opening, which is at the level of C5 and C6.
Mentions: Localization to neck is not specific for an oropharyngeal dysphagia, because about 30% of patients with distal esophageal obstruction perceive the obstruction to be in the cervical esophagus.1 Therefore we performed high-resolution manometry (HRM; ManoScan, Sierra Scientific Instruments, Los Angeles, CA, USA) for the evaluation of difficult swallow. HRM showed normal esophageal peristalsis. However, when compared with a healthy 61-year-old subject (Fig. 1A), there were shorter upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation and elevated intrabolus pressure proximal to UES in the patient (Fig. 1B). Interestingly, worsening change of the elevated intrabolus pressure was noted during multiple rapid swallow using 100 mL water (Fig. 1C). This finding suggested cricopharyngeal achalasia. We performed further neck CT to evaluate a cause of cricopharyngeal achalasia. Neck CT showed prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6 (Fig. 2A). A further videofluoroscopic swallowing study demonstrated reduced UES opening and moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (Fig. 2B). Given together, the patient had elevated intrabolus pressure gradient across the cervical osteophytes. Cervical osteophytes usually are clinically silent but can cause dysphagia, stridor, neurologic problems, and even aspiration when they are larger than 10 mm.2 They are seen mainly in older patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Digestive Research, Soonchunhyang College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

A 61-year-old man presented with difficult swallow... He had particular problems in swallowing pills, dry food and meat... His dysphagia localized to neck, without associated odynophagia, nasal regurgitation and cough... He had no other significant medical history... Localization to neck is not specific for an oropharyngeal dysphagia, because about 30% of patients with distal esophageal obstruction perceive the obstruction to be in the cervical esophagus... HRM showed normal esophageal peristalsis... However, when compared with a healthy 61-year-old subject (Fig. 1A), there were shorter upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation and elevated intrabolus pressure proximal to UES in the patient (Fig. 1B)... Neck CT showed prominent cervical osteophytes including C5 and C6 (Fig. 2A)... A further videofluoroscopic swallowing study demonstrated reduced UES opening and moderate amount of pharyngeal residue (Fig. 2B)... Given together, the patient had elevated intrabolus pressure gradient across the cervical osteophytes... Cervical osteophytes usually are clinically silent but can cause dysphagia, stridor, neurologic problems, and even aspiration when they are larger than 10 mm... They are seen mainly in older patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus