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A new method to measure ligament balancing in total knee arthroplasty: laxity measurements in 100 knees.

Aunan E, Kibsgård T, Clarke-Jenssen J, Röhrl SM - Arch Orthop Trauma Surg (2012)

Bottom Line: This study presents a new method to measure ligament balancing in TKA and reports on the results of a try-out of this method and its inter-observer reliability.We found no statistically significant difference in condylar lift-off between the ligament-balanced and the non ligament-balanced group, however, there was a tendency to more outliers in flexion in the ligament-balanced group.This method may be a useful tool in further research on the relationship between ligament balance, function and survival of TKA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Anders Sandvigs Gate 17, 2629, Lillehammer, Norway. eirik.aunan@sykehuset-innlandet.no

ABSTRACT

Background: Ligament balancing is considered a prerequisite for good function and survival in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there is no consensus on how to measure ligament balance intra-operatively and the degree of stability obtained after different balancing techniques is not clarified.

Purpose: This study presents a new method to measure ligament balancing in TKA and reports on the results of a try-out of this method and its inter-observer reliability.

Methods: After the implantation of the prosthesis, spatulas of different thickness were used to measure medial and lateral condylar lift-off in flexion and extension in 70 ligament-balanced knees and in 30 knees were ligament balancing was considered unnecessary. Inter-observer reliability for the new method was estimated and the degree of medial-lateral symmetry in extension and in flexion, and the equality of the extension gaps and flexion gaps were calculated.

Results: The method was feasible in all operated knees, and found to be very reliable (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88). We found no statistically significant difference in condylar lift-off between the ligament-balanced and the non ligament-balanced group, however, there was a tendency to more outliers in flexion in the ligament-balanced group.

Conclusions: Our method for measuring ligament balance is reliable and provides valuable information in assessing laxity intra-operatively. This method may be a useful tool in further research on the relationship between ligament balance, function and survival of TKA.

Show MeSH
The relationship between the flexion gap and the extension gap. Positive values mean the flexion gap is larger than the extension gap. Negative values mean the extension gap is larger. Zero means the two gaps are of equal size
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Fig3: The relationship between the flexion gap and the extension gap. Positive values mean the flexion gap is larger than the extension gap. Negative values mean the extension gap is larger. Zero means the two gaps are of equal size

Mentions: Flexion gaps were equal to extension gaps in 29 % of the ligament-balanced knees and in 23 % of the knees where no ligament surgery was performed (Fig. 3). In the knees with unequal gaps, 98 % of the ligament-balanced knees were tightest in extension and 91 % of the non ligament-balanced knees were tightest in extension (Fig. 3).Fig. 3


A new method to measure ligament balancing in total knee arthroplasty: laxity measurements in 100 knees.

Aunan E, Kibsgård T, Clarke-Jenssen J, Röhrl SM - Arch Orthop Trauma Surg (2012)

The relationship between the flexion gap and the extension gap. Positive values mean the flexion gap is larger than the extension gap. Negative values mean the extension gap is larger. Zero means the two gaps are of equal size
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3400753&req=5

Fig3: The relationship between the flexion gap and the extension gap. Positive values mean the flexion gap is larger than the extension gap. Negative values mean the extension gap is larger. Zero means the two gaps are of equal size
Mentions: Flexion gaps were equal to extension gaps in 29 % of the ligament-balanced knees and in 23 % of the knees where no ligament surgery was performed (Fig. 3). In the knees with unequal gaps, 98 % of the ligament-balanced knees were tightest in extension and 91 % of the non ligament-balanced knees were tightest in extension (Fig. 3).Fig. 3

Bottom Line: This study presents a new method to measure ligament balancing in TKA and reports on the results of a try-out of this method and its inter-observer reliability.We found no statistically significant difference in condylar lift-off between the ligament-balanced and the non ligament-balanced group, however, there was a tendency to more outliers in flexion in the ligament-balanced group.This method may be a useful tool in further research on the relationship between ligament balance, function and survival of TKA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Anders Sandvigs Gate 17, 2629, Lillehammer, Norway. eirik.aunan@sykehuset-innlandet.no

ABSTRACT

Background: Ligament balancing is considered a prerequisite for good function and survival in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there is no consensus on how to measure ligament balance intra-operatively and the degree of stability obtained after different balancing techniques is not clarified.

Purpose: This study presents a new method to measure ligament balancing in TKA and reports on the results of a try-out of this method and its inter-observer reliability.

Methods: After the implantation of the prosthesis, spatulas of different thickness were used to measure medial and lateral condylar lift-off in flexion and extension in 70 ligament-balanced knees and in 30 knees were ligament balancing was considered unnecessary. Inter-observer reliability for the new method was estimated and the degree of medial-lateral symmetry in extension and in flexion, and the equality of the extension gaps and flexion gaps were calculated.

Results: The method was feasible in all operated knees, and found to be very reliable (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88). We found no statistically significant difference in condylar lift-off between the ligament-balanced and the non ligament-balanced group, however, there was a tendency to more outliers in flexion in the ligament-balanced group.

Conclusions: Our method for measuring ligament balance is reliable and provides valuable information in assessing laxity intra-operatively. This method may be a useful tool in further research on the relationship between ligament balance, function and survival of TKA.

Show MeSH