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A descriptive epidemiological study on the patterns of occupational injuries in a coastal area and a mountain area in Southern China.

Li L, Liu X, Choi BC, Lu Y, Yu M - BMJ Open (2012)

Bottom Line: Cases of occupational injury, defined as injury that occurred when the activity indicated was work.Occupational injuries in the two areas differed by location of hometown, education and occupation (all p<0.001).The differing patterns of occupational injuries in the coastal and mountain areas in Southern China suggest that different preventive measures should be developed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Injury Prevention Research Centre, Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study compared patterns of occupational injuries in two different areas, coastal (industrial) and mountain (agricultural), in Southern China to provide information for development of occupational injury prevention measures in China.

Design: Descriptive epidemiological study.

Setting: Data were obtained from the Hospital Injury Surveillance System based on hospital data collected from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2008.

Participants: Cases of occupational injury, defined as injury that occurred when the activity indicated was work.

Outcome measures: Distribution and differences of patterns of occupational injuries between the two areas.

Results: Men were more likely than women to experience occupational injuries, and there was no difference in the two areas (p=0.112). In the coastal area, occupational injury occurred more in the 21-30-year age group, but in the mountain area, it was the 41-50-year age group (p<0.001). Occupational injuries in the two areas differed by location of hometown, education and occupation (all p<0.001). Occupational injuries peaked differently in the month of the year in the two areas (p<0.001). Industrial and construction areas were the most frequent locations where occupational injuries occurred (p<0.001). Most occupational injuries were unintentional and not serious, and patients could go home after treatment. The two areas also differed in external causes and consequences of occupational injuries.

Conclusions: The differing patterns of occupational injuries in the coastal and mountain areas in Southern China suggest that different preventive measures should be developed. Results are relevant to other developing countries that have industrial and agricultural areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of occupational injuries by day of the week in a costal area and a mountain area in Southern China, 2006–2008.
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fig3: Distribution of occupational injuries by day of the week in a costal area and a mountain area in Southern China, 2006–2008.

Mentions: With respect to day of the week, occupational injuries occurred more frequently towards beginning of the work week (Mondays and Tuesdays) (figure 3). Occupational injuries more likely occurred on weekdays (72.8% in the coastal area and 73.3% in the mountain area), with no significant difference between the two areas (p=0.662). With respect to time of the day on a 24 h clock, occurrence of injury differed between the two areas (p<0.001). The peak times were 10:00 and 16:00 h in the coastal area and 9:00 and 15:00 h in the mountain area (figure 4).


A descriptive epidemiological study on the patterns of occupational injuries in a coastal area and a mountain area in Southern China.

Li L, Liu X, Choi BC, Lu Y, Yu M - BMJ Open (2012)

Distribution of occupational injuries by day of the week in a costal area and a mountain area in Southern China, 2006–2008.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3378941&req=5

fig3: Distribution of occupational injuries by day of the week in a costal area and a mountain area in Southern China, 2006–2008.
Mentions: With respect to day of the week, occupational injuries occurred more frequently towards beginning of the work week (Mondays and Tuesdays) (figure 3). Occupational injuries more likely occurred on weekdays (72.8% in the coastal area and 73.3% in the mountain area), with no significant difference between the two areas (p=0.662). With respect to time of the day on a 24 h clock, occurrence of injury differed between the two areas (p<0.001). The peak times were 10:00 and 16:00 h in the coastal area and 9:00 and 15:00 h in the mountain area (figure 4).

Bottom Line: Cases of occupational injury, defined as injury that occurred when the activity indicated was work.Occupational injuries in the two areas differed by location of hometown, education and occupation (all p<0.001).The differing patterns of occupational injuries in the coastal and mountain areas in Southern China suggest that different preventive measures should be developed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Injury Prevention Research Centre, Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study compared patterns of occupational injuries in two different areas, coastal (industrial) and mountain (agricultural), in Southern China to provide information for development of occupational injury prevention measures in China.

Design: Descriptive epidemiological study.

Setting: Data were obtained from the Hospital Injury Surveillance System based on hospital data collected from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2008.

Participants: Cases of occupational injury, defined as injury that occurred when the activity indicated was work.

Outcome measures: Distribution and differences of patterns of occupational injuries between the two areas.

Results: Men were more likely than women to experience occupational injuries, and there was no difference in the two areas (p=0.112). In the coastal area, occupational injury occurred more in the 21-30-year age group, but in the mountain area, it was the 41-50-year age group (p<0.001). Occupational injuries in the two areas differed by location of hometown, education and occupation (all p<0.001). Occupational injuries peaked differently in the month of the year in the two areas (p<0.001). Industrial and construction areas were the most frequent locations where occupational injuries occurred (p<0.001). Most occupational injuries were unintentional and not serious, and patients could go home after treatment. The two areas also differed in external causes and consequences of occupational injuries.

Conclusions: The differing patterns of occupational injuries in the coastal and mountain areas in Southern China suggest that different preventive measures should be developed. Results are relevant to other developing countries that have industrial and agricultural areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus