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Prevalence of somatization and minor psychiatric morbidity in primary healthcare in saudi arabia: a preliminary study in asir region.

Alqahtani MM, Salmon P - J Family Community Med (2008)

Bottom Line: This study reported prevalence of psychological disorders that was as high as found in the more modern areas of Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh.The view that individuals in less open areas are protected from psychological disorders associated with stress and lifestyle pressure seems to be unsubstantiated.The results highlight the potential value of screening for psychological disorders using such simple instruments as the GHQ.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychological disorders and somatization among primary care patients from a semi-urban area of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Design: Screening of consecutive patients with the 12-item and 28-item versions of the General Health Questionnaires and assessments of physical symptoms associated with somatization, using the HSCL-12. Eight primary care health centres in Assir, Saudi Arabia.

Results: About half of the sample had one or more psychological disorders. The prevalence of somatization detected by the GHQ-28 was 16%. The prevalence of somatization indicated by GPs' identification of medically unexplained symptoms was 14%. Women displayed higher levels of somatization than men.

Conclusion: This study reported prevalence of psychological disorders that was as high as found in the more modern areas of Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh. The view that individuals in less open areas are protected from psychological disorders associated with stress and lifestyle pressure seems to be unsubstantiated. The results highlight the potential value of screening for psychological disorders using such simple instruments as the GHQ.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cases identified by GPs’ ratings of MUS and the GHQ-28-somatization scale
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Figure 1: Cases identified by GPs’ ratings of MUS and the GHQ-28-somatization scale

Mentions: Finally, we tested the agreement between the GHQ-28 somatization subscale and the GPs’ detection of unexplained symptoms. About one fifth of the sample (N= 43; 19.19%) were detected as ‘cases’ by one or more of these criteria. As shown in Figure 1, the agreement between the GP and the GHQ-28-somataization was highly significant (p < .001).


Prevalence of somatization and minor psychiatric morbidity in primary healthcare in saudi arabia: a preliminary study in asir region.

Alqahtani MM, Salmon P - J Family Community Med (2008)

Cases identified by GPs’ ratings of MUS and the GHQ-28-somatization scale
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3377053&req=5

Figure 1: Cases identified by GPs’ ratings of MUS and the GHQ-28-somatization scale
Mentions: Finally, we tested the agreement between the GHQ-28 somatization subscale and the GPs’ detection of unexplained symptoms. About one fifth of the sample (N= 43; 19.19%) were detected as ‘cases’ by one or more of these criteria. As shown in Figure 1, the agreement between the GP and the GHQ-28-somataization was highly significant (p < .001).

Bottom Line: This study reported prevalence of psychological disorders that was as high as found in the more modern areas of Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh.The view that individuals in less open areas are protected from psychological disorders associated with stress and lifestyle pressure seems to be unsubstantiated.The results highlight the potential value of screening for psychological disorders using such simple instruments as the GHQ.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychological disorders and somatization among primary care patients from a semi-urban area of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Design: Screening of consecutive patients with the 12-item and 28-item versions of the General Health Questionnaires and assessments of physical symptoms associated with somatization, using the HSCL-12. Eight primary care health centres in Assir, Saudi Arabia.

Results: About half of the sample had one or more psychological disorders. The prevalence of somatization detected by the GHQ-28 was 16%. The prevalence of somatization indicated by GPs' identification of medically unexplained symptoms was 14%. Women displayed higher levels of somatization than men.

Conclusion: This study reported prevalence of psychological disorders that was as high as found in the more modern areas of Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh. The view that individuals in less open areas are protected from psychological disorders associated with stress and lifestyle pressure seems to be unsubstantiated. The results highlight the potential value of screening for psychological disorders using such simple instruments as the GHQ.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus