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Particle depositions and related hemodynamic parameters in the multiple stenosed right coronary artery.

Bernad SI, Bernad ES, Craina M, Sargan I, Totoran A, Brisan C - J Clin Med Res (2012)

Bottom Line: Energy loss associated with such flow expansion after each constriction will be large and consequently the pressure drop will be higher.Overall pressure drop increased from 1700 Pa (12.75 mmHg) at the end diastole to 11000 Pa (82.5 mmHg) at the peak systole.However at the end of one cardiac cycle a percent of 1.4% (15 from 1063 particles release at the inlet section) remain inside the stenosed RCA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Fundamental and Advanced Research, Romanian Academy - Timisoara Branch, Timisoara, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood flow analysis of the human right coronary artery (RCA) has been carried out to investigate the effects of serial stenosis on coronary hemodynamics. A 3-D model of a serial stenosed RCA was reconstructed based on multislice computerized tomography images.

Methods: A velocity waveform in the proximal RCA and a pressure waveform in the distal RCA of a patient with a severe stenosis were acquired with a catheter delivered wire probe and applied as boundary conditions. The numerical analysis examines closely the effect of a multiple serial stenosis on the hemodynamic characteristics such as flow separation, wall shear stress (WSS) and particle depositions.

Results and conclusions: Energy loss associated with such flow expansion after each constriction will be large and consequently the pressure drop will be higher. Overall pressure drop increased from 1700 Pa (12.75 mmHg) at the end diastole to 11000 Pa (82.5 mmHg) at the peak systole. At the peak systole the WSS values reached 110 Pa in the stenosis with 28% diameter reduction and 210 Pa in the stenosis with 54% diameter reduction, which is high enough to damage the endothelial cells. However at the end of one cardiac cycle a percent of 1.4% (15 from 1063 particles release at the inlet section) remain inside the stenosed RCA.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Disturbed flow indicators and computational particle deposition patterns at the end of diastole T6 =1 s. (a) cross-sectional transient velocity vector fields; (b) temporal WSS magnitude contours in stenosis ST1 and ST2 (WSS value are in (Pa)); (c) particle transport and deposition in the stenosed RCA geometry at the time T6.
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Figure 8: Disturbed flow indicators and computational particle deposition patterns at the end of diastole T6 =1 s. (a) cross-sectional transient velocity vector fields; (b) temporal WSS magnitude contours in stenosis ST1 and ST2 (WSS value are in (Pa)); (c) particle transport and deposition in the stenosed RCA geometry at the time T6.

Mentions: The flow separation regions can be seen clearly from the instantaneous velocity vector panels which are illustrated in Figure 7a and Figure 8a for different degree of stenosis (54% luminal diameter reduction at the stenosis ST1 and 28% luminal diameter reduction at the stenosis ST2). One can observe the pattern of velocity vector distinctively showing the recirculation zones with the formation of the eddy at the downstream couple of stenoses.


Particle depositions and related hemodynamic parameters in the multiple stenosed right coronary artery.

Bernad SI, Bernad ES, Craina M, Sargan I, Totoran A, Brisan C - J Clin Med Res (2012)

Disturbed flow indicators and computational particle deposition patterns at the end of diastole T6 =1 s. (a) cross-sectional transient velocity vector fields; (b) temporal WSS magnitude contours in stenosis ST1 and ST2 (WSS value are in (Pa)); (c) particle transport and deposition in the stenosed RCA geometry at the time T6.
© Copyright Policy - open access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3376876&req=5

Figure 8: Disturbed flow indicators and computational particle deposition patterns at the end of diastole T6 =1 s. (a) cross-sectional transient velocity vector fields; (b) temporal WSS magnitude contours in stenosis ST1 and ST2 (WSS value are in (Pa)); (c) particle transport and deposition in the stenosed RCA geometry at the time T6.
Mentions: The flow separation regions can be seen clearly from the instantaneous velocity vector panels which are illustrated in Figure 7a and Figure 8a for different degree of stenosis (54% luminal diameter reduction at the stenosis ST1 and 28% luminal diameter reduction at the stenosis ST2). One can observe the pattern of velocity vector distinctively showing the recirculation zones with the formation of the eddy at the downstream couple of stenoses.

Bottom Line: Energy loss associated with such flow expansion after each constriction will be large and consequently the pressure drop will be higher.Overall pressure drop increased from 1700 Pa (12.75 mmHg) at the end diastole to 11000 Pa (82.5 mmHg) at the peak systole.However at the end of one cardiac cycle a percent of 1.4% (15 from 1063 particles release at the inlet section) remain inside the stenosed RCA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Fundamental and Advanced Research, Romanian Academy - Timisoara Branch, Timisoara, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood flow analysis of the human right coronary artery (RCA) has been carried out to investigate the effects of serial stenosis on coronary hemodynamics. A 3-D model of a serial stenosed RCA was reconstructed based on multislice computerized tomography images.

Methods: A velocity waveform in the proximal RCA and a pressure waveform in the distal RCA of a patient with a severe stenosis were acquired with a catheter delivered wire probe and applied as boundary conditions. The numerical analysis examines closely the effect of a multiple serial stenosis on the hemodynamic characteristics such as flow separation, wall shear stress (WSS) and particle depositions.

Results and conclusions: Energy loss associated with such flow expansion after each constriction will be large and consequently the pressure drop will be higher. Overall pressure drop increased from 1700 Pa (12.75 mmHg) at the end diastole to 11000 Pa (82.5 mmHg) at the peak systole. At the peak systole the WSS values reached 110 Pa in the stenosis with 28% diameter reduction and 210 Pa in the stenosis with 54% diameter reduction, which is high enough to damage the endothelial cells. However at the end of one cardiac cycle a percent of 1.4% (15 from 1063 particles release at the inlet section) remain inside the stenosed RCA.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus