Tumour growth inhibition and anti-metastatic activity of a mutated furin-resistant Semaphorin 3E isoform.
Bottom Line: Uncl-Sema3E also acts independently as a potent anti-angiogenic factor.It activates a PlexinD1-mediated signalling cascade in endothelial cells that leads to the inhibition of adhesion to extracellular matrix, directional migration and cell survival.In summary, we conclude that Uncl-Sema3E is a novel inhibitor of tumour angiogenesis and growth that concomitantly hampers metastatic spreading.
Affiliation: Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), University of Torino Medical School, Candiolo, Italy.Show MeSH
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Mentions: Sema3E signalling in tumour cells promotes invasion and metastasis, but these activities crucially depend on its proteolytic maturation into the smaller fragment p61 (Christensen et al, 2005). In fact, a mutated ‘uncleavable’ full-length Sema3E, which cannot be targeted by furins and converted into p61 (Uncl-Sema3E; Fig 1A), did not promote metastasis formation in experiments based on direct cancer cell injection in the circulation (Christensen et al, 2005). Here, we also show that, in contrast to p61, Uncl-Sema3E does not induce cancer cell migration (Fig 1B). We have recently reported that the pro-invasive and pro-metastatic activity of p61 is due to the association between PlexinD1 and the oncogenic tyrosine-kinase receptor ErbB2 as well as the induction of ErbB2 tyrosine phosphorylation and intracellular signalling (Casazza et al, 2010). We therefore asked whether the proteolytic processing of Sema3E may be required for its ability to trigger ErbB2 signalling in cancer cells. Notably, Uncl-Sema3E was unable to induce the association of ErbB2 with PlexinD1 (Fig 1C, top), nor did it promote ErbB2 phosphorylation (Fig 1C, middle) or intracellular mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling (Fig 1D).
Affiliation: Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), University of Torino Medical School, Candiolo, Italy.