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Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors.

Zhang Q, Xue C, Yuan Y, Lee J, Sun D, Xiong J - Sensors (Basel) (2012)

Bottom Line: Star-shaped gold nanoparticles obtained through the seed-mediated solution growth method were found to self-assemble on the surface of tapered optical fibers via amino- and mercapto-silane coupling agents.Assembly using star-shaped gold nanoparticles and amino/mercapto silane coupling agent are analyzed and compared.Experimental results of the transmission spectra show that the surface modified by the gold nanoparticles using MPTMS is firmer compared to that obtained using APTMS.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Key Laboratory for Electronic Measurement Technology, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, Shanxi, China. zhangq0902@163.com

ABSTRACT
Considerable studies have been performed on the development of optical fiber sensors modified by gold nanoparticles based on the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) technique. The current paper presents a new approach in fiber surface modification technology for biosensors. Star-shaped gold nanoparticles obtained through the seed-mediated solution growth method were found to self-assemble on the surface of tapered optical fibers via amino- and mercapto-silane coupling agents. Transmitted power spectra of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxy silane (APTMS)-modified fiber were obtained, which can verify that the silane coupling agent surface modification method is successful. Transmission spectra are characterized in different concentrations of ethanol and gentian violet solutions to validate the sensitivity of the modified fiber. Assembly using star-shaped gold nanoparticles and amino/mercapto silane coupling agent are analyzed and compared. The transmission spectra of the gold nanoparticles show that the nanoparticles are sensitive to the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium. After the fibers are treated in t-dodecylmercaptan to obtain their transmission spectra, APTMS-modified fiber becomes less sensitive to different media, except that modified by 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane (MPTMS). Experimental results of the transmission spectra show that the surface modified by the gold nanoparticles using MPTMS is firmer compared to that obtained using APTMS.

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Penetration depth. The evanescent field decays in value of 1/e on the fiber surface.
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f1-sensors-12-02729: Penetration depth. The evanescent field decays in value of 1/e on the fiber surface.

Mentions: LSPR is an important feature of metal nanoparticles, and can be generated by the evanescent field. Evanescent field strength and surface modification are the two central elements of the current research. LSPR of the fiber surface can be enhanced through properly choosing the light wavelength and the media of the evanescent field. Figure 1 illustrates light transmission in the fiber. The evanescent wave transmits exponentially in a vertical direction. The principle of the sensitivity improvement is that LSPR is sensitive to the change in strength of the local electric field in different media. Subsequently, the intensity of light when transmitted through the nanoparticle-modified fiber changes markedly in different media.


Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors.

Zhang Q, Xue C, Yuan Y, Lee J, Sun D, Xiong J - Sensors (Basel) (2012)

Penetration depth. The evanescent field decays in value of 1/e on the fiber surface.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3376559&req=5

f1-sensors-12-02729: Penetration depth. The evanescent field decays in value of 1/e on the fiber surface.
Mentions: LSPR is an important feature of metal nanoparticles, and can be generated by the evanescent field. Evanescent field strength and surface modification are the two central elements of the current research. LSPR of the fiber surface can be enhanced through properly choosing the light wavelength and the media of the evanescent field. Figure 1 illustrates light transmission in the fiber. The evanescent wave transmits exponentially in a vertical direction. The principle of the sensitivity improvement is that LSPR is sensitive to the change in strength of the local electric field in different media. Subsequently, the intensity of light when transmitted through the nanoparticle-modified fiber changes markedly in different media.

Bottom Line: Star-shaped gold nanoparticles obtained through the seed-mediated solution growth method were found to self-assemble on the surface of tapered optical fibers via amino- and mercapto-silane coupling agents.Assembly using star-shaped gold nanoparticles and amino/mercapto silane coupling agent are analyzed and compared.Experimental results of the transmission spectra show that the surface modified by the gold nanoparticles using MPTMS is firmer compared to that obtained using APTMS.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Key Laboratory for Electronic Measurement Technology, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, Shanxi, China. zhangq0902@163.com

ABSTRACT
Considerable studies have been performed on the development of optical fiber sensors modified by gold nanoparticles based on the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) technique. The current paper presents a new approach in fiber surface modification technology for biosensors. Star-shaped gold nanoparticles obtained through the seed-mediated solution growth method were found to self-assemble on the surface of tapered optical fibers via amino- and mercapto-silane coupling agents. Transmitted power spectra of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxy silane (APTMS)-modified fiber were obtained, which can verify that the silane coupling agent surface modification method is successful. Transmission spectra are characterized in different concentrations of ethanol and gentian violet solutions to validate the sensitivity of the modified fiber. Assembly using star-shaped gold nanoparticles and amino/mercapto silane coupling agent are analyzed and compared. The transmission spectra of the gold nanoparticles show that the nanoparticles are sensitive to the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium. After the fibers are treated in t-dodecylmercaptan to obtain their transmission spectra, APTMS-modified fiber becomes less sensitive to different media, except that modified by 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane (MPTMS). Experimental results of the transmission spectra show that the surface modified by the gold nanoparticles using MPTMS is firmer compared to that obtained using APTMS.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus