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Genetic diversity among clonal lineages within Escherichia coli O157:H7 stepwise evolutionary model.

Feng PC, Monday SR, Lacher DW, Allison L, Siitonen A, Keys C, Eklund M, Nagano H, Karch H, Keen J, Whittam TS - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2007)

Bottom Line: Escherichia coli O157:H7 variants were examined for trait mutations and by molecular subtyping to better define clonal complexes postulated on the O157:H7 evolution model.Despite similarities, some Finnish and Scottish and all of the German strains have ST-75 ("German clone"), whereas others have ST-76, a new variant ("Scottish clone").MLST of strains in other clonal complexes also discriminated strains thought to be identical and showed that genetic differences will further distinguish clonal populations into subclones.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA. peter.feng@fda.hhs.gov

ABSTRACT
Escherichia coli O157:H7 variants were examined for trait mutations and by molecular subtyping to better define clonal complexes postulated on the O157:H7 evolution model. Strains of beta-glucuronidase-positive, sorbitol-negative O157:H7 isolated in United States and Japan were identical to A5 clonal strain and shared sequence type (ST)-65 by multilocus sequence typing (MLST); thus, they belong in A5. However, these strains exhibited pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profile differences that suggested genomic divergence between populations. Sorbitol-fermenting O157 (SFO157) strains from Finland, Scotland, and Germany were identical to A4 clonal strain and belong in A4. Some SFO157 strains, isolated years apart and from different countries, had identical PFGE profiles, suggesting a common origin. Despite similarities, some Finnish and Scottish and all of the German strains have ST-75 ("German clone"), whereas others have ST-76, a new variant ("Scottish clone"). MLST of strains in other clonal complexes also discriminated strains thought to be identical and showed that genetic differences will further distinguish clonal populations into subclones.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI-digested DNA from SFO157 strains. Strain designation, source, and year of isolation are shown at right. This unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean dendrogram was generated in BioNumerics software (Applied Maths, St-Martens-Latem, Belgium) by using Die coefficient with a 1.0% lane optimization and 1.0% band position tolerance. The scale above the dendrogram indicates percent similarity.
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Figure 2: Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI-digested DNA from SFO157 strains. Strain designation, source, and year of isolation are shown at right. This unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean dendrogram was generated in BioNumerics software (Applied Maths, St-Martens-Latem, Belgium) by using Die coefficient with a 1.0% lane optimization and 1.0% band position tolerance. The scale above the dendrogram indicates percent similarity.

Mentions: The PFGE profiles of some SFO157 strains isolated within Germany (1782/88 and 4326/93) and Finland (IH57086 and IH57225) were identical (Figure 2). But profile identity was also observed among strains from Finland (IH56906) and Scotland (H1085c and H2687) and strains from Finland (IH56929) and Germany (5412/89) (Figure 2). MLST analysis showed that all the German, 4 Finnish, and 1 Scottish strain had ST-75 but that the other 4 Scottish strains and the rest of the Finnish strains had a distinct mdh allele and were genotyped as ST-76 (Table 2).


Genetic diversity among clonal lineages within Escherichia coli O157:H7 stepwise evolutionary model.

Feng PC, Monday SR, Lacher DW, Allison L, Siitonen A, Keys C, Eklund M, Nagano H, Karch H, Keen J, Whittam TS - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2007)

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI-digested DNA from SFO157 strains. Strain designation, source, and year of isolation are shown at right. This unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean dendrogram was generated in BioNumerics software (Applied Maths, St-Martens-Latem, Belgium) by using Die coefficient with a 1.0% lane optimization and 1.0% band position tolerance. The scale above the dendrogram indicates percent similarity.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3375798&req=5

Figure 2: Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI-digested DNA from SFO157 strains. Strain designation, source, and year of isolation are shown at right. This unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean dendrogram was generated in BioNumerics software (Applied Maths, St-Martens-Latem, Belgium) by using Die coefficient with a 1.0% lane optimization and 1.0% band position tolerance. The scale above the dendrogram indicates percent similarity.
Mentions: The PFGE profiles of some SFO157 strains isolated within Germany (1782/88 and 4326/93) and Finland (IH57086 and IH57225) were identical (Figure 2). But profile identity was also observed among strains from Finland (IH56906) and Scotland (H1085c and H2687) and strains from Finland (IH56929) and Germany (5412/89) (Figure 2). MLST analysis showed that all the German, 4 Finnish, and 1 Scottish strain had ST-75 but that the other 4 Scottish strains and the rest of the Finnish strains had a distinct mdh allele and were genotyped as ST-76 (Table 2).

Bottom Line: Escherichia coli O157:H7 variants were examined for trait mutations and by molecular subtyping to better define clonal complexes postulated on the O157:H7 evolution model.Despite similarities, some Finnish and Scottish and all of the German strains have ST-75 ("German clone"), whereas others have ST-76, a new variant ("Scottish clone").MLST of strains in other clonal complexes also discriminated strains thought to be identical and showed that genetic differences will further distinguish clonal populations into subclones.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA. peter.feng@fda.hhs.gov

ABSTRACT
Escherichia coli O157:H7 variants were examined for trait mutations and by molecular subtyping to better define clonal complexes postulated on the O157:H7 evolution model. Strains of beta-glucuronidase-positive, sorbitol-negative O157:H7 isolated in United States and Japan were identical to A5 clonal strain and shared sequence type (ST)-65 by multilocus sequence typing (MLST); thus, they belong in A5. However, these strains exhibited pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profile differences that suggested genomic divergence between populations. Sorbitol-fermenting O157 (SFO157) strains from Finland, Scotland, and Germany were identical to A4 clonal strain and belong in A4. Some SFO157 strains, isolated years apart and from different countries, had identical PFGE profiles, suggesting a common origin. Despite similarities, some Finnish and Scottish and all of the German strains have ST-75 ("German clone"), whereas others have ST-76, a new variant ("Scottish clone"). MLST of strains in other clonal complexes also discriminated strains thought to be identical and showed that genetic differences will further distinguish clonal populations into subclones.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus