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Danish integrated antimicrobial resistance monitoring and research program.

Hammerum AM, Heuer OE, Emborg HD, Bagger-Skjøt L, Jensen VF, Rogues AM, Skov RL, Agersø Y, Brandt CT, Seyfarth AM, Muller A, Hovgaard K, Ajufo J, Bager F, Aarestrup FM, Frimodt-Møller N, Wegener HC, Monnet DL - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2007)

Bottom Line: Awareness of the undesirable consequences of its widespread occurrence has led to the initiation of antimicrobial agent resistance monitoring programs in several countries.In 1995, Denmark was the first country to establish a systematic and continuous monitoring program of antimicrobial drug consumption and antimicrobial agent resistance in animals, food, and humans, the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Program (DANMAP).Monitoring of antimicrobial drug resistance and a range of research activities related to DANMAP have contributed to restrictions or bans of use of several antimicrobial agents in food animals in Denmark and other European Union countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark. ama@ssi.dk

ABSTRACT
Resistance to antimicrobial agents is an emerging problem worldwide. Awareness of the undesirable consequences of its widespread occurrence has led to the initiation of antimicrobial agent resistance monitoring programs in several countries. In 1995, Denmark was the first country to establish a systematic and continuous monitoring program of antimicrobial drug consumption and antimicrobial agent resistance in animals, food, and humans, the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Program (DANMAP). Monitoring of antimicrobial drug resistance and a range of research activities related to DANMAP have contributed to restrictions or bans of use of several antimicrobial agents in food animals in Denmark and other European Union countries.

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Trends in glycopeptide resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broiler chickens and pigs and the consumption of the growth promoter avoparcin in animals, Denmark, 1994–2005 (revised from 12).
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Figure 3: Trends in glycopeptide resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broiler chickens and pigs and the consumption of the growth promoter avoparcin in animals, Denmark, 1994–2005 (revised from 12).

Mentions: By 2006, 11 years of monitoring data were available (Table;Figure 3) (12). The 1995 ban on avoparcin had a substantial effect on lowering the occurrence of VREF isolated from fecal samples from broiler chickens (Figure 3). In 2005, <3% of the E. faecium isolates from broiler chickens were resistant to vancomycin (12). To avoid bias in the selection of the isolates, the VREF isolates included in DANMAP were detected by using a nonselective isolation method. Although studies that used selective enrichment for isolation of VREF have documented that VREF could still be isolated from a high percentage of poultry flocks several years after the ban of avoparcin (17,18), the quantity of VREF isolated from Danish poultry has been substantially reduced.


Danish integrated antimicrobial resistance monitoring and research program.

Hammerum AM, Heuer OE, Emborg HD, Bagger-Skjøt L, Jensen VF, Rogues AM, Skov RL, Agersø Y, Brandt CT, Seyfarth AM, Muller A, Hovgaard K, Ajufo J, Bager F, Aarestrup FM, Frimodt-Møller N, Wegener HC, Monnet DL - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2007)

Trends in glycopeptide resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broiler chickens and pigs and the consumption of the growth promoter avoparcin in animals, Denmark, 1994–2005 (revised from 12).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3375779&req=5

Figure 3: Trends in glycopeptide resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broiler chickens and pigs and the consumption of the growth promoter avoparcin in animals, Denmark, 1994–2005 (revised from 12).
Mentions: By 2006, 11 years of monitoring data were available (Table;Figure 3) (12). The 1995 ban on avoparcin had a substantial effect on lowering the occurrence of VREF isolated from fecal samples from broiler chickens (Figure 3). In 2005, <3% of the E. faecium isolates from broiler chickens were resistant to vancomycin (12). To avoid bias in the selection of the isolates, the VREF isolates included in DANMAP were detected by using a nonselective isolation method. Although studies that used selective enrichment for isolation of VREF have documented that VREF could still be isolated from a high percentage of poultry flocks several years after the ban of avoparcin (17,18), the quantity of VREF isolated from Danish poultry has been substantially reduced.

Bottom Line: Awareness of the undesirable consequences of its widespread occurrence has led to the initiation of antimicrobial agent resistance monitoring programs in several countries.In 1995, Denmark was the first country to establish a systematic and continuous monitoring program of antimicrobial drug consumption and antimicrobial agent resistance in animals, food, and humans, the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Program (DANMAP).Monitoring of antimicrobial drug resistance and a range of research activities related to DANMAP have contributed to restrictions or bans of use of several antimicrobial agents in food animals in Denmark and other European Union countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark. ama@ssi.dk

ABSTRACT
Resistance to antimicrobial agents is an emerging problem worldwide. Awareness of the undesirable consequences of its widespread occurrence has led to the initiation of antimicrobial agent resistance monitoring programs in several countries. In 1995, Denmark was the first country to establish a systematic and continuous monitoring program of antimicrobial drug consumption and antimicrobial agent resistance in animals, food, and humans, the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Program (DANMAP). Monitoring of antimicrobial drug resistance and a range of research activities related to DANMAP have contributed to restrictions or bans of use of several antimicrobial agents in food animals in Denmark and other European Union countries.

Show MeSH