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Epidemiology of imported malaria in the mediterranean region.

Odolini S, Gautret P, Parola P - Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis (2012)

Bottom Line: Malaria is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of our time, causing 655 000 deaths during 2010 (WHO), most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and under the age of 5.During the last few years an increasing number of imported malaria cases is reported in Europe and Mediterranean countries, probably supported by the increasing number of international travel in association with the important influx of immigrants from malaria-endemic countries.Several cases of autochthonous malaria have recently been reported to support the need of an ongoing surveillance for mosquito control and an increased vigilance by health professionals.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Malaria is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of our time, causing 655 000 deaths during 2010 (WHO), most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and under the age of 5. During the last few years an increasing number of imported malaria cases is reported in Europe and Mediterranean countries, probably supported by the increasing number of international travel in association with the important influx of immigrants from malaria-endemic countries. Moreover, the presence of Anopheline vectors in Mediterranean countries, the returned infected travellers as a source of parasite and climate changes may result in the reappearance of malaria in countries where it was previously eradicated, such as Greece in recent years. Several cases of autochthonous malaria have recently been reported to support the need of an ongoing surveillance for mosquito control and an increased vigilance by health professionals. The aim of this paper is to critically review all the available literature about imported malaria in Mediterranean areas and the potential consequences of this.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Imported Malaria cases in some European countries. WHO/Europe 2011, Centralized information system for infectious diseases (CISID)31. Available at http://data.euro.who.int/cisid/?TabID=281080. Accessed on January 25th, 2011.
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f1-mjhid-4-1-e2012031: Imported Malaria cases in some European countries. WHO/Europe 2011, Centralized information system for infectious diseases (CISID)31. Available at http://data.euro.who.int/cisid/?TabID=281080. Accessed on January 25th, 2011.

Mentions: Between 2001 and 2010, 45 countries in the European Region reported a decline in imported malaria cases and deaths, for reasons that have not yet been investigated, possibly reflecting malaria control activities in endemic countries,1–3 and a possible under-reporting of cases (Figure 1), but malaria in the Mediterranean regions remains an important travel medicine issue, given the large number of imported cases.


Epidemiology of imported malaria in the mediterranean region.

Odolini S, Gautret P, Parola P - Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis (2012)

Imported Malaria cases in some European countries. WHO/Europe 2011, Centralized information system for infectious diseases (CISID)31. Available at http://data.euro.who.int/cisid/?TabID=281080. Accessed on January 25th, 2011.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3375659&req=5

f1-mjhid-4-1-e2012031: Imported Malaria cases in some European countries. WHO/Europe 2011, Centralized information system for infectious diseases (CISID)31. Available at http://data.euro.who.int/cisid/?TabID=281080. Accessed on January 25th, 2011.
Mentions: Between 2001 and 2010, 45 countries in the European Region reported a decline in imported malaria cases and deaths, for reasons that have not yet been investigated, possibly reflecting malaria control activities in endemic countries,1–3 and a possible under-reporting of cases (Figure 1), but malaria in the Mediterranean regions remains an important travel medicine issue, given the large number of imported cases.

Bottom Line: Malaria is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of our time, causing 655 000 deaths during 2010 (WHO), most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and under the age of 5.During the last few years an increasing number of imported malaria cases is reported in Europe and Mediterranean countries, probably supported by the increasing number of international travel in association with the important influx of immigrants from malaria-endemic countries.Several cases of autochthonous malaria have recently been reported to support the need of an ongoing surveillance for mosquito control and an increased vigilance by health professionals.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Malaria is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of our time, causing 655 000 deaths during 2010 (WHO), most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and under the age of 5. During the last few years an increasing number of imported malaria cases is reported in Europe and Mediterranean countries, probably supported by the increasing number of international travel in association with the important influx of immigrants from malaria-endemic countries. Moreover, the presence of Anopheline vectors in Mediterranean countries, the returned infected travellers as a source of parasite and climate changes may result in the reappearance of malaria in countries where it was previously eradicated, such as Greece in recent years. Several cases of autochthonous malaria have recently been reported to support the need of an ongoing surveillance for mosquito control and an increased vigilance by health professionals. The aim of this paper is to critically review all the available literature about imported malaria in Mediterranean areas and the potential consequences of this.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus