Limits...
Genetic variants on chromosome 1q41 influence ocular axial length and high myopia.

Fan Q, Barathi VA, Cheng CY, Zhou X, Meguro A, Nakata I, Khor CC, Goh LK, Li YJ, Lim W, Ho CE, Hawthorne F, Zheng Y, Chua D, Inoko H, Yamashiro K, Ohno-Matsui K, Matsuo K, Matsuda F, Vithana E, Seielstad M, Mizuki N, Beuerman RW, Tai ES, Yoshimura N, Aung T, Young TL, Wong TY, Teo YY, Saw SM - PLoS Genet. (2012)

Bottom Line: We identified a genetic locus on chromosome 1q41 harboring the zinc-finger 11B pseudogene ZC3H11B showing genome-wide significant association with AL variation (rs4373767, β = -0.16 mm per minor allele, P(meta) =2.69 × 10(-10)).In an experimental myopia mouse model, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for the murine genes ZC3H11A, SLC30A10, and LYPLAL1.This supports the likely role of genetic variants at chromosome 1q41 in influencing AL variation and high myopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

ABSTRACT
As one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness, myopia poses a significant public health burden in Asia. The primary determinant of myopia is an elongated ocular axial length (AL). Here we report a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies on AL conducted in 1,860 Chinese adults, 929 Chinese children, and 2,155 Malay adults. We identified a genetic locus on chromosome 1q41 harboring the zinc-finger 11B pseudogene ZC3H11B showing genome-wide significant association with AL variation (rs4373767, β = -0.16 mm per minor allele, P(meta) =2.69 × 10(-10)). The minor C allele of rs4373767 was also observed to significantly associate with decreased susceptibility to high myopia (per-allele odds ratio (OR) =0.75, 95% CI: 0.68-0.84, P(meta) =4.38 × 10(-7)) in 1,118 highly myopic cases and 5,433 controls. ZC3H11B and two neighboring genes SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 were expressed in the human neural retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and sclera. In an experimental myopia mouse model, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for the murine genes ZC3H11A, SLC30A10, and LYPLAL1. This supports the likely role of genetic variants at chromosome 1q41 in influencing AL variation and high myopia.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Immunofluorescent labeling.Immunofluorescent labeling of (A) ZC3H11A (B) SLC30A10 and (C) LYPLAL1 in mouse retina, retinal pigment epithelium and sclera in induced myopic eyes, fellow eyes and independent control eyes. The neural retina (retina), retinal pigment epithelium (PRE) and scleral cells were immunolabeled with the polycolonal antibodies against ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 and were co-labeled with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Negative controls were devoid of a fluorescence signal, treated with the secondary antibody alone and DAPI. No immunostaining was observed in the negative controls. Scale bar represents 50 µM and magnification is 200×. The florescence intensity labeled of the green color shows the localization of proteins and blue color indicates the nuclei that were stained with DAPI. Expression of the proteins had a trend in abundance similarly to that of their mRNA levels as depicted in Figure 4. Lower level of expression was determined for ZC3H11A in all tissues for myopic mice. Similarly significant reduction was shown in the expression of SLC30A10 in retina and RPE while higher level of expression was found in myopic sclera. LYPLAL1 showed higher level of expression in the retina and RPE tissue but reduced expression in the sclera in myopic mice. The following abbreviations represent the retinal layers: nerve fibre layer (NFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL), photo receptor layer (PRL) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369958&req=5

pgen-1002753-g005: Immunofluorescent labeling.Immunofluorescent labeling of (A) ZC3H11A (B) SLC30A10 and (C) LYPLAL1 in mouse retina, retinal pigment epithelium and sclera in induced myopic eyes, fellow eyes and independent control eyes. The neural retina (retina), retinal pigment epithelium (PRE) and scleral cells were immunolabeled with the polycolonal antibodies against ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 and were co-labeled with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Negative controls were devoid of a fluorescence signal, treated with the secondary antibody alone and DAPI. No immunostaining was observed in the negative controls. Scale bar represents 50 µM and magnification is 200×. The florescence intensity labeled of the green color shows the localization of proteins and blue color indicates the nuclei that were stained with DAPI. Expression of the proteins had a trend in abundance similarly to that of their mRNA levels as depicted in Figure 4. Lower level of expression was determined for ZC3H11A in all tissues for myopic mice. Similarly significant reduction was shown in the expression of SLC30A10 in retina and RPE while higher level of expression was found in myopic sclera. LYPLAL1 showed higher level of expression in the retina and RPE tissue but reduced expression in the sclera in myopic mice. The following abbreviations represent the retinal layers: nerve fibre layer (NFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL), photo receptor layer (PRL) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

Mentions: Immunohistochemical results confirmed the localization of ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 proteins in the neural retina, RPE and sclera (Figure 5). For ZC3H11A, positive immunostaining intensity was reduced significantly in the myopic tissues of experimental mice compared to the non-myopic independent controls (Figure 5A). This is consistent with the differential expression patterns at the transcription level. For SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1, there were also similarly noticeable changes in the expression of proteins to that of their mRNA levels (Figure 5B and 5C).


Genetic variants on chromosome 1q41 influence ocular axial length and high myopia.

Fan Q, Barathi VA, Cheng CY, Zhou X, Meguro A, Nakata I, Khor CC, Goh LK, Li YJ, Lim W, Ho CE, Hawthorne F, Zheng Y, Chua D, Inoko H, Yamashiro K, Ohno-Matsui K, Matsuo K, Matsuda F, Vithana E, Seielstad M, Mizuki N, Beuerman RW, Tai ES, Yoshimura N, Aung T, Young TL, Wong TY, Teo YY, Saw SM - PLoS Genet. (2012)

Immunofluorescent labeling.Immunofluorescent labeling of (A) ZC3H11A (B) SLC30A10 and (C) LYPLAL1 in mouse retina, retinal pigment epithelium and sclera in induced myopic eyes, fellow eyes and independent control eyes. The neural retina (retina), retinal pigment epithelium (PRE) and scleral cells were immunolabeled with the polycolonal antibodies against ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 and were co-labeled with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Negative controls were devoid of a fluorescence signal, treated with the secondary antibody alone and DAPI. No immunostaining was observed in the negative controls. Scale bar represents 50 µM and magnification is 200×. The florescence intensity labeled of the green color shows the localization of proteins and blue color indicates the nuclei that were stained with DAPI. Expression of the proteins had a trend in abundance similarly to that of their mRNA levels as depicted in Figure 4. Lower level of expression was determined for ZC3H11A in all tissues for myopic mice. Similarly significant reduction was shown in the expression of SLC30A10 in retina and RPE while higher level of expression was found in myopic sclera. LYPLAL1 showed higher level of expression in the retina and RPE tissue but reduced expression in the sclera in myopic mice. The following abbreviations represent the retinal layers: nerve fibre layer (NFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL), photo receptor layer (PRL) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369958&req=5

pgen-1002753-g005: Immunofluorescent labeling.Immunofluorescent labeling of (A) ZC3H11A (B) SLC30A10 and (C) LYPLAL1 in mouse retina, retinal pigment epithelium and sclera in induced myopic eyes, fellow eyes and independent control eyes. The neural retina (retina), retinal pigment epithelium (PRE) and scleral cells were immunolabeled with the polycolonal antibodies against ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 and were co-labeled with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Negative controls were devoid of a fluorescence signal, treated with the secondary antibody alone and DAPI. No immunostaining was observed in the negative controls. Scale bar represents 50 µM and magnification is 200×. The florescence intensity labeled of the green color shows the localization of proteins and blue color indicates the nuclei that were stained with DAPI. Expression of the proteins had a trend in abundance similarly to that of their mRNA levels as depicted in Figure 4. Lower level of expression was determined for ZC3H11A in all tissues for myopic mice. Similarly significant reduction was shown in the expression of SLC30A10 in retina and RPE while higher level of expression was found in myopic sclera. LYPLAL1 showed higher level of expression in the retina and RPE tissue but reduced expression in the sclera in myopic mice. The following abbreviations represent the retinal layers: nerve fibre layer (NFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL), photo receptor layer (PRL) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).
Mentions: Immunohistochemical results confirmed the localization of ZC3H11A, SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 proteins in the neural retina, RPE and sclera (Figure 5). For ZC3H11A, positive immunostaining intensity was reduced significantly in the myopic tissues of experimental mice compared to the non-myopic independent controls (Figure 5A). This is consistent with the differential expression patterns at the transcription level. For SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1, there were also similarly noticeable changes in the expression of proteins to that of their mRNA levels (Figure 5B and 5C).

Bottom Line: We identified a genetic locus on chromosome 1q41 harboring the zinc-finger 11B pseudogene ZC3H11B showing genome-wide significant association with AL variation (rs4373767, β = -0.16 mm per minor allele, P(meta) =2.69 × 10(-10)).In an experimental myopia mouse model, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for the murine genes ZC3H11A, SLC30A10, and LYPLAL1.This supports the likely role of genetic variants at chromosome 1q41 in influencing AL variation and high myopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

ABSTRACT
As one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness, myopia poses a significant public health burden in Asia. The primary determinant of myopia is an elongated ocular axial length (AL). Here we report a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies on AL conducted in 1,860 Chinese adults, 929 Chinese children, and 2,155 Malay adults. We identified a genetic locus on chromosome 1q41 harboring the zinc-finger 11B pseudogene ZC3H11B showing genome-wide significant association with AL variation (rs4373767, β = -0.16 mm per minor allele, P(meta) =2.69 × 10(-10)). The minor C allele of rs4373767 was also observed to significantly associate with decreased susceptibility to high myopia (per-allele odds ratio (OR) =0.75, 95% CI: 0.68-0.84, P(meta) =4.38 × 10(-7)) in 1,118 highly myopic cases and 5,433 controls. ZC3H11B and two neighboring genes SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 were expressed in the human neural retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and sclera. In an experimental myopia mouse model, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for the murine genes ZC3H11A, SLC30A10, and LYPLAL1. This supports the likely role of genetic variants at chromosome 1q41 in influencing AL variation and high myopia.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus