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CD6 and syntaxin binding protein 6 variants and response to tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors in Danish patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Krintel SB, Essioux L, Wool A, Johansen JS, Schreiber E, Zekharya T, Akiva P, Ostergaard M, Hetland ML - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: At week 26, 68 (29%) patients were EULAR good responders, while 81 (34%) and 88 (37%) patients were moderate and non-responders, respectively.A 19 base pair insertion within the CD6 gene was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.43, 95% CI: 1.99-10.09, p=7.211×10(-5)) and with EULAR good response vs. moderate/no response (OR=4.54, 95% CI: 2.29-8.99, p=3.336×10(-6)).A microsatellite within the syntaxin binding protein 6 (STXBP6) was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.01, 95% CI: 1.92-8.49, p=5.067×10(-5)).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: DANBIO Registry and Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Glostrup, Copenhagen, Denmark. krintel@sophine.dk

ABSTRACT

Background: TNFα inhibitor therapy has greatly improved the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, however at least 30% do not respond. We aimed to investigate insertions and deletions (INDELS) associated with response to TNFα inhibitors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methodology and principal findings: In the DANBIO Registry we identified 237 TNFα inhibitor naïve patients with RA (81% women; median age 56 years; disease duration 6 years) who initiated treatment with infliximab (n=160), adalimumab (n=56) or etanercept (n=21) between 1999 and 2008 according to national treatment guidelines. Clinical response was assessed at week 26 using EULAR response criteria. Based on literature, we selected 213 INDELS potentially related to RA and treatment response using the GeneVa® (Compugen) in silico database of 350,000 genetic variations in the human genome. Genomic segments were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and genotyped by Sanger sequencing or fragment analysis. We tested the association between genotypes and EULAR good response versus no response, and EULAR good response versus moderate/no response using Fisher's exact test. At baseline the median DAS28 was 5.1. At week 26, 68 (29%) patients were EULAR good responders, while 81 (34%) and 88 (37%) patients were moderate and non-responders, respectively. A 19 base pair insertion within the CD6 gene was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.43, 95% CI: 1.99-10.09, p=7.211×10(-5)) and with EULAR good response vs. moderate/no response (OR=4.54, 95% CI: 2.29-8.99, p=3.336×10(-6)). A microsatellite within the syntaxin binding protein 6 (STXBP6) was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.01, 95% CI: 1.92-8.49, p=5.067×10(-5)).

Conclusion: Genetic variations within CD6 and STXBP6 may influence response to TNFα inhibitors in patients with RA.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Allele distribution of the CGEN-40003 amplicon according to EULAR response.The Y-axis indicates percentage of patients. The X-axis indicates EULAR response (good, moderate, none). The colored boxes indicate the size (base pair) of the longest allele.
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pone-0038539-g001: Allele distribution of the CGEN-40003 amplicon according to EULAR response.The Y-axis indicates percentage of patients. The X-axis indicates EULAR response (good, moderate, none). The colored boxes indicate the size (base pair) of the longest allele.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the distribution of the CGEN-40003 alleles according to EULAR response. Patients with the longest CGEN-40003 alleles were more often classified as non- and moderate responders. To investigate the relationship between allele distribution and EULAR response, we compared the maximal allele length with change in DAS28 scores after 26 weeks of treatment (delta DAS). The Spearman rank correlation and the Pearson correlation were approximately −0.25 with a p-value of 2.98×10−5 and 5.29×10−5, respectively.


CD6 and syntaxin binding protein 6 variants and response to tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors in Danish patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Krintel SB, Essioux L, Wool A, Johansen JS, Schreiber E, Zekharya T, Akiva P, Ostergaard M, Hetland ML - PLoS ONE (2012)

Allele distribution of the CGEN-40003 amplicon according to EULAR response.The Y-axis indicates percentage of patients. The X-axis indicates EULAR response (good, moderate, none). The colored boxes indicate the size (base pair) of the longest allele.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369852&req=5

pone-0038539-g001: Allele distribution of the CGEN-40003 amplicon according to EULAR response.The Y-axis indicates percentage of patients. The X-axis indicates EULAR response (good, moderate, none). The colored boxes indicate the size (base pair) of the longest allele.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the distribution of the CGEN-40003 alleles according to EULAR response. Patients with the longest CGEN-40003 alleles were more often classified as non- and moderate responders. To investigate the relationship between allele distribution and EULAR response, we compared the maximal allele length with change in DAS28 scores after 26 weeks of treatment (delta DAS). The Spearman rank correlation and the Pearson correlation were approximately −0.25 with a p-value of 2.98×10−5 and 5.29×10−5, respectively.

Bottom Line: At week 26, 68 (29%) patients were EULAR good responders, while 81 (34%) and 88 (37%) patients were moderate and non-responders, respectively.A 19 base pair insertion within the CD6 gene was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.43, 95% CI: 1.99-10.09, p=7.211×10(-5)) and with EULAR good response vs. moderate/no response (OR=4.54, 95% CI: 2.29-8.99, p=3.336×10(-6)).A microsatellite within the syntaxin binding protein 6 (STXBP6) was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.01, 95% CI: 1.92-8.49, p=5.067×10(-5)).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: DANBIO Registry and Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Glostrup, Copenhagen, Denmark. krintel@sophine.dk

ABSTRACT

Background: TNFα inhibitor therapy has greatly improved the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, however at least 30% do not respond. We aimed to investigate insertions and deletions (INDELS) associated with response to TNFα inhibitors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methodology and principal findings: In the DANBIO Registry we identified 237 TNFα inhibitor naïve patients with RA (81% women; median age 56 years; disease duration 6 years) who initiated treatment with infliximab (n=160), adalimumab (n=56) or etanercept (n=21) between 1999 and 2008 according to national treatment guidelines. Clinical response was assessed at week 26 using EULAR response criteria. Based on literature, we selected 213 INDELS potentially related to RA and treatment response using the GeneVa® (Compugen) in silico database of 350,000 genetic variations in the human genome. Genomic segments were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and genotyped by Sanger sequencing or fragment analysis. We tested the association between genotypes and EULAR good response versus no response, and EULAR good response versus moderate/no response using Fisher's exact test. At baseline the median DAS28 was 5.1. At week 26, 68 (29%) patients were EULAR good responders, while 81 (34%) and 88 (37%) patients were moderate and non-responders, respectively. A 19 base pair insertion within the CD6 gene was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.43, 95% CI: 1.99-10.09, p=7.211×10(-5)) and with EULAR good response vs. moderate/no response (OR=4.54, 95% CI: 2.29-8.99, p=3.336×10(-6)). A microsatellite within the syntaxin binding protein 6 (STXBP6) was associated with EULAR good response vs. no response (OR=4.01, 95% CI: 1.92-8.49, p=5.067×10(-5)).

Conclusion: Genetic variations within CD6 and STXBP6 may influence response to TNFα inhibitors in patients with RA.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus