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Listeria monocytogenes infection in Israel and review of cases worldwide.

Siegman-Igra Y, Levin R, Weinberger M, Golan Y, Schwartz D, Samra Z, Konigsberger H, Yinnon A, Rahav G, Keller N, Bisharat N, Karpuch J, Finkelstein R, Alkan M, Landau Z, Novikov J, Hassin D, Rudnicki C, Kitzes R, Ovadia S, Shimoni Z, Lang R, Shohat T - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2002)

Bottom Line: From 1995 to 1999, 161 cases were identified; 70 (43%) were perinatal infections, with a fetal mortality rate of 45%.The common clinical syndromes in these patients were primary bacteremia (47%) and meningitis (28%).The crude case-fatality rate in this group was 38%, with a higher death rate in immunocompromised patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious Diseases Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6 Weizman Street, Tel-Aviv 64239, Israel. ZIHUM@tasmc.health.gov.il

ABSTRACT
Listeria monocytogenes, an uncommon foodborne pathogen, is increasingly recognized as a cause of life-threatening disease. A marked increase in reported cases of listeriosis during 1998 motivated a retrospective nationwide survey of the infection in Israel. From 1995 to 1999, 161 cases were identified; 70 (43%) were perinatal infections, with a fetal mortality rate of 45%. Most (74%) of the 91 nonperinatal infections involved immunocompromised patients with malignancies, chronic liver disease, chronic renal failure, or diabetes mellitus. The common clinical syndromes in these patients were primary bacteremia (47%) and meningitis (28%). The crude case-fatality rate in this group was 38%, with a higher death rate in immunocompromised patients.

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Number of cases of perinatal and nonperinatal Listeria monocytogenes infection, Israel, 1995-1999.
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Figure 1: Number of cases of perinatal and nonperinatal Listeria monocytogenes infection, Israel, 1995-1999.

Mentions: The 161 cases identified during the 5-year study period included 91 (57%) nonperinatal and 70 (43%) perinatal infections. The average annual incidence during the study period was 0.6/100,000 population. The marked increase in 1998 (Figure 1) was exclusively in perinatal cases; the reason for the increase remains unclear. There were no clusters in place during any of these years. Infection occurred throughout the year, but more often during summer and fall, with 70% of cases occurring from May to October (Figure 2).


Listeria monocytogenes infection in Israel and review of cases worldwide.

Siegman-Igra Y, Levin R, Weinberger M, Golan Y, Schwartz D, Samra Z, Konigsberger H, Yinnon A, Rahav G, Keller N, Bisharat N, Karpuch J, Finkelstein R, Alkan M, Landau Z, Novikov J, Hassin D, Rudnicki C, Kitzes R, Ovadia S, Shimoni Z, Lang R, Shohat T - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2002)

Number of cases of perinatal and nonperinatal Listeria monocytogenes infection, Israel, 1995-1999.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369577&req=5

Figure 1: Number of cases of perinatal and nonperinatal Listeria monocytogenes infection, Israel, 1995-1999.
Mentions: The 161 cases identified during the 5-year study period included 91 (57%) nonperinatal and 70 (43%) perinatal infections. The average annual incidence during the study period was 0.6/100,000 population. The marked increase in 1998 (Figure 1) was exclusively in perinatal cases; the reason for the increase remains unclear. There were no clusters in place during any of these years. Infection occurred throughout the year, but more often during summer and fall, with 70% of cases occurring from May to October (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: From 1995 to 1999, 161 cases were identified; 70 (43%) were perinatal infections, with a fetal mortality rate of 45%.The common clinical syndromes in these patients were primary bacteremia (47%) and meningitis (28%).The crude case-fatality rate in this group was 38%, with a higher death rate in immunocompromised patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious Diseases Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6 Weizman Street, Tel-Aviv 64239, Israel. ZIHUM@tasmc.health.gov.il

ABSTRACT
Listeria monocytogenes, an uncommon foodborne pathogen, is increasingly recognized as a cause of life-threatening disease. A marked increase in reported cases of listeriosis during 1998 motivated a retrospective nationwide survey of the infection in Israel. From 1995 to 1999, 161 cases were identified; 70 (43%) were perinatal infections, with a fetal mortality rate of 45%. Most (74%) of the 91 nonperinatal infections involved immunocompromised patients with malignancies, chronic liver disease, chronic renal failure, or diabetes mellitus. The common clinical syndromes in these patients were primary bacteremia (47%) and meningitis (28%). The crude case-fatality rate in this group was 38%, with a higher death rate in immunocompromised patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus