Limits...
Paediatric multi-detector row chest CT: what you really need to know.

Young C, Xie C, Owens CM - Insights Imaging (2012)

Bottom Line: Paediatric imaging technique/protocol together with radiation dose reduction is discussed in detail.However, users must be vigilant in their imaging techniques to minimise radiation burden, whilst maintaining good image quality.Main Messages • CT examinations should be clinically justified by the referring clinician and radiologist. • MDCT is invaluable for evaluating the central airway, mediastinal structures and lung parenchyma. • MDCT is more sensitive than plain radiographs in detection of structural changes within the lungs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cardio-thoracic Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, WC1N, 3JH, UK, carolyn.young16@yahoo.co.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: The emergence of multi-detector row CT (MDCT) has established and extended the role of CT especially in paediatric chest imaging. This has altered the way in which data is acquired and is perceived as the 'gold standard' in the detection of certain chest pathologies. The range of available post-processing tools provide alternative ways in which CT images can be manipulated for review and interpretation in order to enhance diagnostic accuracy.

Methodology: Paediatric imaging technique/protocol together with radiation dose reduction is discussed in detail. The use of different post-processing tools to best demonstrate the wide range of important congenital anomalies and thoracic pathologies is outlined and presented pictorially.

Conclusion: MDCT with its isotropic resolution and fast imaging acquisition times reduces the need for invasive diagnostic investigations. However, users must be vigilant in their imaging techniques to minimise radiation burden, whilst maintaining good image quality. Main Messages • CT examinations should be clinically justified by the referring clinician and radiologist. • MDCT is invaluable for evaluating the central airway, mediastinal structures and lung parenchyma. • MDCT is more sensitive than plain radiographs in detection of structural changes within the lungs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Three types of bronchial dilatation can be seen in patients with bronchiectasis, and their appearance on CT can be classified into a cylindrical, b varicose and c saccular shapes
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369117&req=5

Fig15: Three types of bronchial dilatation can be seen in patients with bronchiectasis, and their appearance on CT can be classified into a cylindrical, b varicose and c saccular shapes

Mentions: Bronchiectasis is the result of irreversible bronchial dilatation and airflow obstruction with mucus impaction and bacterial colonisation. Bronchiectasis is generally classified into three types: (1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, where the dilated bronchi are relatively straight and uniform; (2) varicose bronchiectasis, in which the bronchi have a bulbous appearance with alternating areas of bronchial dilatation and constriction; (3) cystic or saccular bronchiectasis, where the bronchi have a ballooned appearance with associated bronchial neovascularisation and ulceration [1] (Fig. 15).Fig. 15


Paediatric multi-detector row chest CT: what you really need to know.

Young C, Xie C, Owens CM - Insights Imaging (2012)

Three types of bronchial dilatation can be seen in patients with bronchiectasis, and their appearance on CT can be classified into a cylindrical, b varicose and c saccular shapes
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3369117&req=5

Fig15: Three types of bronchial dilatation can be seen in patients with bronchiectasis, and their appearance on CT can be classified into a cylindrical, b varicose and c saccular shapes
Mentions: Bronchiectasis is the result of irreversible bronchial dilatation and airflow obstruction with mucus impaction and bacterial colonisation. Bronchiectasis is generally classified into three types: (1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, where the dilated bronchi are relatively straight and uniform; (2) varicose bronchiectasis, in which the bronchi have a bulbous appearance with alternating areas of bronchial dilatation and constriction; (3) cystic or saccular bronchiectasis, where the bronchi have a ballooned appearance with associated bronchial neovascularisation and ulceration [1] (Fig. 15).Fig. 15

Bottom Line: Paediatric imaging technique/protocol together with radiation dose reduction is discussed in detail.However, users must be vigilant in their imaging techniques to minimise radiation burden, whilst maintaining good image quality.Main Messages • CT examinations should be clinically justified by the referring clinician and radiologist. • MDCT is invaluable for evaluating the central airway, mediastinal structures and lung parenchyma. • MDCT is more sensitive than plain radiographs in detection of structural changes within the lungs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cardio-thoracic Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, WC1N, 3JH, UK, carolyn.young16@yahoo.co.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: The emergence of multi-detector row CT (MDCT) has established and extended the role of CT especially in paediatric chest imaging. This has altered the way in which data is acquired and is perceived as the 'gold standard' in the detection of certain chest pathologies. The range of available post-processing tools provide alternative ways in which CT images can be manipulated for review and interpretation in order to enhance diagnostic accuracy.

Methodology: Paediatric imaging technique/protocol together with radiation dose reduction is discussed in detail. The use of different post-processing tools to best demonstrate the wide range of important congenital anomalies and thoracic pathologies is outlined and presented pictorially.

Conclusion: MDCT with its isotropic resolution and fast imaging acquisition times reduces the need for invasive diagnostic investigations. However, users must be vigilant in their imaging techniques to minimise radiation burden, whilst maintaining good image quality. Main Messages • CT examinations should be clinically justified by the referring clinician and radiologist. • MDCT is invaluable for evaluating the central airway, mediastinal structures and lung parenchyma. • MDCT is more sensitive than plain radiographs in detection of structural changes within the lungs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus