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Complete genome sequence of the melanogenic marine bacterium Marinomonas mediterranea type strain (MMB-1(T)).

Lucas-Elío P, Goodwin L, Woyke T, Pitluck S, Nolan M, Kyrpides NC, Detter JC, Copeland A, Teshima H, Bruce D, Detter C, Tapia R, Han S, Land ML, Ivanova N, Mikhailova N, Johnston AW, Sanchez-Amat A - Stand Genomic Sci (2012)

Bottom Line: Marinomonas mediterranea MMB-1(T) Solano & Sanchez-Amat 1999 belongs to the family Oceanospirillaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria.This species is of interest because it is the only species described in the genus Marinomonas to date that can synthesize melanin pigments, which is mediated by the activity of a tyrosinase.M. mediterranea expresses other oxidases of biotechnological interest, such as a multicopper oxidase with laccase activity and a novel L-lysine-epsilon-oxidase.

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ABSTRACT
Marinomonas mediterranea MMB-1(T) Solano & Sanchez-Amat 1999 belongs to the family Oceanospirillaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is of interest because it is the only species described in the genus Marinomonas to date that can synthesize melanin pigments, which is mediated by the activity of a tyrosinase. M. mediterranea expresses other oxidases of biotechnological interest, such as a multicopper oxidase with laccase activity and a novel L-lysine-epsilon-oxidase. The 4,684,316 bp long genome harbors 4,228 protein-coding genes and 98 RNA genes and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

No MeSH data available.


Scanning electron micrograph of M. mediterranea MMB-1T.
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f2: Scanning electron micrograph of M. mediterranea MMB-1T.

Mentions: The cells of M. mediterranea MMB-1T are generally rod-shaped with rounded ends with cell lengths and widths ranging from 1.3 to 2.0 and 0.6 to 0.7 μm respectively during exponential phase (Figure 2). Cells tend to be shorter during stationary phase. Strain MMB-1T is motile by a single polar flagellum [9] (Table 1). Electron microscopy revealed that strain MMB-1T synthesizes R-bodies, which are highly organized cytoplasmic structures that are considered to be related to the presence of defective prophages [20,21]. On complex media, such as marine 2216 agar, colonies are brown to black, due to the synthesis of melanin pigments (4). Na+ is required for growth of M. mediterranea MMB-1T, which can tolerate NaCl concentrations in the range of 1-5%. The strain grows over the range of 15-30 ºC, is strictly aerobic and chemoorganotrophic and can hydrolyze gelatin and Tween80 but not starch. It utilizes D-glucose, D-mannose, D-fructose, sucrose, D-sorbitol, glycerol, L-glutamate, citrate, succinate, malate and acetate as carbon sources. Strain MMB-1T is sensitive to ampicillin (100 μg/ml), gentamicin (10 μg/ml), kanamycin (40 μg/ml), rifampicin (50 μg/ml) and tetracycline (10 μg/ml).


Complete genome sequence of the melanogenic marine bacterium Marinomonas mediterranea type strain (MMB-1(T)).

Lucas-Elío P, Goodwin L, Woyke T, Pitluck S, Nolan M, Kyrpides NC, Detter JC, Copeland A, Teshima H, Bruce D, Detter C, Tapia R, Han S, Land ML, Ivanova N, Mikhailova N, Johnston AW, Sanchez-Amat A - Stand Genomic Sci (2012)

Scanning electron micrograph of M. mediterranea MMB-1T.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368407&req=5

f2: Scanning electron micrograph of M. mediterranea MMB-1T.
Mentions: The cells of M. mediterranea MMB-1T are generally rod-shaped with rounded ends with cell lengths and widths ranging from 1.3 to 2.0 and 0.6 to 0.7 μm respectively during exponential phase (Figure 2). Cells tend to be shorter during stationary phase. Strain MMB-1T is motile by a single polar flagellum [9] (Table 1). Electron microscopy revealed that strain MMB-1T synthesizes R-bodies, which are highly organized cytoplasmic structures that are considered to be related to the presence of defective prophages [20,21]. On complex media, such as marine 2216 agar, colonies are brown to black, due to the synthesis of melanin pigments (4). Na+ is required for growth of M. mediterranea MMB-1T, which can tolerate NaCl concentrations in the range of 1-5%. The strain grows over the range of 15-30 ºC, is strictly aerobic and chemoorganotrophic and can hydrolyze gelatin and Tween80 but not starch. It utilizes D-glucose, D-mannose, D-fructose, sucrose, D-sorbitol, glycerol, L-glutamate, citrate, succinate, malate and acetate as carbon sources. Strain MMB-1T is sensitive to ampicillin (100 μg/ml), gentamicin (10 μg/ml), kanamycin (40 μg/ml), rifampicin (50 μg/ml) and tetracycline (10 μg/ml).

Bottom Line: Marinomonas mediterranea MMB-1(T) Solano & Sanchez-Amat 1999 belongs to the family Oceanospirillaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria.This species is of interest because it is the only species described in the genus Marinomonas to date that can synthesize melanin pigments, which is mediated by the activity of a tyrosinase.M. mediterranea expresses other oxidases of biotechnological interest, such as a multicopper oxidase with laccase activity and a novel L-lysine-epsilon-oxidase.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Marinomonas mediterranea MMB-1(T) Solano & Sanchez-Amat 1999 belongs to the family Oceanospirillaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is of interest because it is the only species described in the genus Marinomonas to date that can synthesize melanin pigments, which is mediated by the activity of a tyrosinase. M. mediterranea expresses other oxidases of biotechnological interest, such as a multicopper oxidase with laccase activity and a novel L-lysine-epsilon-oxidase. The 4,684,316 bp long genome harbors 4,228 protein-coding genes and 98 RNA genes and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

No MeSH data available.