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Setting up the speech production network: how oscillations contribute to lateralized information routing.

Gehrig J, Wibral M, Arnold C, Kell CA - Front Psychol (2012)

Bottom Line: This MEG study focuses on the spectro-temporal dynamics that contribute to the setup of this network.While a broadband low frequency effect was found for any task preparation in bilateral prefrontal cortices, preparation for overt speech production was specifically associated with left-lateralized alpha and beta suppression in temporal cortices and beta suppression in motor-related brain regions.Beta phase coupling in the entire speech production network was modulated by anticipation of overt reading.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cognitive Neuroscience Group, Department of Neurology, Brain Imaging Center, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Speech production involves widely distributed brain regions. This MEG study focuses on the spectro-temporal dynamics that contribute to the setup of this network. In 21 participants performing a cue-target reading paradigm, we analyzed local oscillations during preparation for overt and covert reading in the time-frequency domain and localized sources using beamforming. Network dynamics were studied by comparing different dynamic causal models of beta phase coupling in and between hemispheres. While a broadband low frequency effect was found for any task preparation in bilateral prefrontal cortices, preparation for overt speech production was specifically associated with left-lateralized alpha and beta suppression in temporal cortices and beta suppression in motor-related brain regions. Beta phase coupling in the entire speech production network was modulated by anticipation of overt reading. We propose that the processes underlying the setup of the speech production network connect relevant brain regions by means of beta synchronization and prepare the network for left-lateralized information routing by suppression of inhibitory alpha and beta oscillations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cue-target paradigm used in the study. The cue indicated how to deal with the upcoming sentence. The square indexed to prepare to read the following target sentence covertly while the triangle indicated to prepare to read the target sentence overtly. The sentence was presented word by word. After each trial, participants fixated for 2–8 s (inter-trial interval, ITI, plus 1 s baseline).
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Figure 1: Cue-target paradigm used in the study. The cue indicated how to deal with the upcoming sentence. The square indexed to prepare to read the following target sentence covertly while the triangle indicated to prepare to read the target sentence overtly. The sentence was presented word by word. After each trial, participants fixated for 2–8 s (inter-trial interval, ITI, plus 1 s baseline).

Mentions: A cue-target reading paradigm was used to separate cognitive action planning underlying the intention to speak from linguistic processing, motor preparation, and execution (Figure 1).


Setting up the speech production network: how oscillations contribute to lateralized information routing.

Gehrig J, Wibral M, Arnold C, Kell CA - Front Psychol (2012)

Cue-target paradigm used in the study. The cue indicated how to deal with the upcoming sentence. The square indexed to prepare to read the following target sentence covertly while the triangle indicated to prepare to read the target sentence overtly. The sentence was presented word by word. After each trial, participants fixated for 2–8 s (inter-trial interval, ITI, plus 1 s baseline).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368321&req=5

Figure 1: Cue-target paradigm used in the study. The cue indicated how to deal with the upcoming sentence. The square indexed to prepare to read the following target sentence covertly while the triangle indicated to prepare to read the target sentence overtly. The sentence was presented word by word. After each trial, participants fixated for 2–8 s (inter-trial interval, ITI, plus 1 s baseline).
Mentions: A cue-target reading paradigm was used to separate cognitive action planning underlying the intention to speak from linguistic processing, motor preparation, and execution (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: This MEG study focuses on the spectro-temporal dynamics that contribute to the setup of this network.While a broadband low frequency effect was found for any task preparation in bilateral prefrontal cortices, preparation for overt speech production was specifically associated with left-lateralized alpha and beta suppression in temporal cortices and beta suppression in motor-related brain regions.Beta phase coupling in the entire speech production network was modulated by anticipation of overt reading.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cognitive Neuroscience Group, Department of Neurology, Brain Imaging Center, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Speech production involves widely distributed brain regions. This MEG study focuses on the spectro-temporal dynamics that contribute to the setup of this network. In 21 participants performing a cue-target reading paradigm, we analyzed local oscillations during preparation for overt and covert reading in the time-frequency domain and localized sources using beamforming. Network dynamics were studied by comparing different dynamic causal models of beta phase coupling in and between hemispheres. While a broadband low frequency effect was found for any task preparation in bilateral prefrontal cortices, preparation for overt speech production was specifically associated with left-lateralized alpha and beta suppression in temporal cortices and beta suppression in motor-related brain regions. Beta phase coupling in the entire speech production network was modulated by anticipation of overt reading. We propose that the processes underlying the setup of the speech production network connect relevant brain regions by means of beta synchronization and prepare the network for left-lateralized information routing by suppression of inhibitory alpha and beta oscillations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus